Friday, 27 July 2012

Fabrication in Al-Tafhimat al-Ilahiyyah of Shah Waliullah Dahlawi (b.1703AD – d.1762AD)

Fabrication in Al-Tafhimat al-Ilahiyyah of
Shah Waliullah Dahlawi (b.1703AD – d.1762AD)

Quote Statement:

“All who go to the land of Ajmer or to the grave of Salar Mas’ud or those that resemble them in order to request [to fulfil] a need, it is indeed a sin more grievous than murder and adultery. Its likeness is not but the likeness of those who worship the creation or like those who call on Al-Lat and Al-’Uzza. However, we do not [unequivocally] declare disbelief [upon them] due to the absence of a text from the Lawgiver in this specific matter.”
[Al-Tafhimat al-Ilahiyyah 2/45-Shah Waliullah Dehlawi]

Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Naqshbandi (Rh)

View of Experts

Syed Shaykh Zaheeruddin Ahmed (rh)
Shaykh Zayd Faruqi Naqshbandi(rh)
Mawlana Hakeem Sayed Barkati (rh) and Ayyub Qadri which were all experts on the life and work of
Shah Waliullah Muhaddith al Dehlawi (rh)

They have all agreed that the above quote is NOT from Shah Waliullah (rh) but was later added in his book as a part of mass fabrication which was done in the books of Shah Sahib.

The Practices of Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Naqshbandi (Rh)

Shah Waliullah often used to visit the graves of awliya for maraqaba and Baraka.
He used to visit grave of Shaykh Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (Rd) regularly.
Shah Sahib also visited the grave of Shaykh Ghaus Gwaliari (rh),
Shah Sahib performed maraqaba at the grave of Sayyedina Abu Dhar Ghaffari ( Radiallahu anhu) and the Martyrs of Badr.

At one instance Shah Sahab was not able to take a decision. While doing maraqaba at the grave of a pious wali of Allah in the town of Phulat, Shah Sahib got the answer for his question.
(Al qawl al jali, p, 232)

From these ( and many more like this) it is seen that Shah Sahab often used to visit the graves of awliya Allah to do maraqaba and get spiritual benefit. To say that Shah Waliullah himself visited the graves of awliya but criticized others will be attributing a policy of dual nature towards the great scholar Shah Waliullah Muhaddith (Rh).

From Fiqh

Murder and adultery is a sin which is established from nass. Anyone who does not consider murder and adultery to be a sin will become a Kafir. But if someone says that travelling to Ajmer to get his needs fulfilled is not a sin, then he will not become a kafir.

Also the fabricated quote reads:

“then he has committed a greater sin than murder and adultery.”

Again, murder and adultery is a sin which is established from nass. How come something which is not established from nass be worse/grave from those things which are proved from nass?

From all these reason it can be seen that fabricator was some Wahabi who didn’t have any understanding of fiqh and knowledge about belief and practices of Shah Waliullah dehlawi (rh).

'Tafhimatul Ilahiyyah (Persian) 

See other posts related with Shah Waliullah:

Practices of Shah Waliullah

About the mass fabrication which was done in the books of Shah Sahib:
Who were behind these?

Shah Abul Hasan Zayd Faruqi (rh) wrote, in his preface to the translation of ‘Al Qawlul Jaliyy’ of Shah Sahib :
It is a pity that the Followers of Shah Ismail Dehlawi were in the forefront of these changes made into the books and Malfuzat of Shah Waliyullah, Shah Abdul Aziz and also in the Qur’an translation of Shah Abdul Qadir (rh) and also in the topics of Mujaddid e Alf Sani, Shah Ghulam Ali and Hazrat Shah Alamullah Rae Bareli(rh) so as to make the thoughts of these men to look similar to Shah Isma’il and Ibn Adul Wahab Najdi. Allah saved from tem this book, namely ‘al qawlul jaliyy.”

Mawlana Ansar shah Kashmiri, son of Anwar Shah Kashmiri of Deoband wrote:
“...I feel real and clear differences between Shah Sahib’s thoughts and those of Deobandis. So I doubt viewing deobandi ideology as a part of Waliyullahi’s thoughts.  
(Al Balagh.Karachi.p49.DhulHijja.1388)


Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (rh) did not disagree with Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlawi (rh) , neither he called him a wahabi.

All the later scholars also accepted most of the teachings of Shah Waliullah Muhaddith (rh) .

In view of this, what others wrote does not hold any weight.

On the other hand, there are certain contents in the books of Shah Waliullah (rh) which is not accepted by most of the Sunni scholars.

For example, in one book of Shah Sahib he has allowed doing tawaf of graves of awliya , in some other book he has accepted effect of 'stars' on human life!

[ I do not give the names of these book due to some reason. Those who know these books can check and those who don't need not bother]

These teachings of Shah Sahab were rejected by the sufi minded scholars as well.

But all the major scholars of Ahlus Sunnah from the subcontinent accept Shah Sahab to be a scholar from Ahlus Sunnah.

His books are not suggested for general public because of three reasons:

1. His books were tampered to a very large extant. Only those who have done research on this subject can differentiate the original quotes from the fabricated one.

2. Some of the books of Shah Sahab ( and his father’s view also) has quotes in which he does not stick to Hanafi fiqh. For example, his father Shah Abdur Raheem (rh) did not stick to Hanafi fiqh in some matters ( like recitation in salat al janaza). Similary Shah Sahab's book has some quotes in which he shows disagreement in some matters from Hanafi fiqh. Some scholars say these are fabricated quotes , others say, he died as a hanafi ( his last ijaza which he gave is signed as " Shah waliullah hanafi) but in some matters he had different opinion.

3. Some of his sufi teachings are not accepted by most of the scholars and is very difficult to understand. ( see his discussion of wujud and shahud)

So if any one says Shah Sahab was a 'wahabi' it might be because in some of his books Shah Sahab has shown preference of hadith over fiqh. At other place it is written that he tilted towards Shafi'i fiqh because of his close relationship with shafi'i scholars during his stay at Haramain.

These are all fabricated quotes.

In India, all the leading Sunni institutes like Mubarakpur, Barelly, Kachucha, pilibhit etc accept Shah Sahab as a great Sunni scholar.

In view of all this, any single view which is not accepted by Sunnis themselves does not hold any weight.

1. Shah Waliullah Muhaddith (rh) used to recite " Ya Shaykh Abdal Qadir Shaian Lilllah".
Since this proves istighatha, it would be a solid blow to those who are bent on spoiling the name of Shah Sahab . (We have dealt this issue of Istighatha with scans and is avaibale on internet).

2. The deobandi poster has also shyed away from mentioning a couplet in which Shah Sahab seeks imdad (help/ support) from Prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam).

Both these quotes are available on p 575 on the scan link posted by brother faqir:

What do you make of these scans from Miqyas Hanafiyyat (p.575-578) by Molwi Muhammad ‘Umar Icharwi (d: 1971H) which were posted elsewhere?

Also, with shallow research on the books of Shah Waliullah , the deobandi has failed to notice one very important thing, which is mentioned on page 576.

The author, Mawlana Icharwi ( d.1971 CE) writes :

" Shah Waliullah wrote books like al- balagh ul- mubeen in which he showed disrespect to prophets ( alayhimus salam ) and awliaya"

Any one can pick up al-balagh ul -mubeen and see that it has words against prophets ( alayhimus salam) and awliya. It also has quotes which prophibit tawassul. We know these are typical wahabi trait, because a Muslim can die but can never show disrespect to prophets ( alayhimus salam).

Mawlana Icharwi (rh) died in 1971 and till that time there was no research which listed the names of books falsely attributed to Shah waliullah (rh).

The first book dealing with this issue was published in 1976 by Mawlana Hakeem Barkati (rh) in which he listed all the books which were falsely attributed to Shah Waliullah (rh) and also the those books which were fabricated by adding / deleting quotes in the books of Shah Waliullah (rh).

Al-balag al -mubeen stands on the top of the list among books which are falsely attributed to Shah Sahab.

This was confirmed when Shaykh Zayd Faruqi al Azhari (rh) published the first ever Urdu translation of Al qawl al Jamil in 1988.

In short , when Mawlana Icharwi wrote Miqyase Hanafiyat he didn't know that al balagh ul mubeen is not the work of Shah Sahab.

What is more important is the stand taken by the scholars of Ahlus sunnah wal jamah. They always reject any thing which is not accepted by the jamhoor. In this case , it was totally because of lack of research which was available in 1971.

At present every year sunni scholars organize Shah Waliullah Conference in which it is told that Shah Sahab was a PURE SUNNI scholar, this is proved by showing how Shah Waliullah practiced istightha , celeberated Mawlid, did fatiha on food , visited graves of awliya for maraqaba etc.
I would like to add that all these scholars are respected by everyone.

Prof Ayyub Qadri was not a "Barelwi".

Mawlana Syed Hakeem Ahmed Barkati (rh) had no relation with barelly. He is respected by wahabis also because of his deep research.

Shaykh Zayd Farooqi al Azhari (rh) is also respected by wahabis .

Those interested can read books by Suleiman Nadavi ( a staunch wahabi) where he has also accepted about these fabrications in the books of Shah waliullah Muhaddith al Dehlawi (rh).

If someone wants to call Shaykh Zayd Farooqi (rh) as barelwi because he celeberated Mawlid then, we have to call Imam Ibn Hajar, Imam Suyuti and others also as ' barelwi".!

For those who don't know , please note:

1. Shah Abdur Raheem Naqshbandi (Rh) ( Father of Shah Waliullah) :
Used to celeberate Mawlid every year, celeberated 'urs , Visited graves of awliya for maraqaba, used to do Fatiha on food , had no problem in using words of Istighatha, did fatiha for the deceased on 40th , held special meetings in the month of muharram .

2 Shah Waliullah Muhaddith al Dehlawi al Naqshbandi (Rh) :
Celeberated mawlid, visited graves of awliya often for maraqaba, used to recite dua ( supplication) having words of Istighatha, did fatiha on food , used to give amulets containing verses from Qu'ran and Hadith.

3. Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith al Dehlawi (Rh) :
He was the son of Shah Waliullah muhaddith al dehlawi (rh). He gained more fame than his father with in his life time. He was well versed in zahiri and batini sciences. He used to celeberate mawlid, did fatiha on food ,used to recite dua containing words of Istighatha, had no problem with Quran khwani, used to hold special speeches in the month of muharram.

4. Shah Ishaq Muhaddith al Dehlawi (rh) :
His books were fabricated by wahabis.  A detail analysis can be read here.  And Here

5. Ismail Dehlawi la madhabi:

Notorious for starting the wahabi fitna in subcontinent. Not even one student took any Islamic teachings from him. ( Hayate Shah Ishaq )

He^ (Ismail Dehlawi) was once making fun of Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith al Dehlawi (rh), without knowing that the latter was in room. Shah Abdul Aziz (rh) felt very bad realizing that Ismail Dehlawi makes fun of teachers and mashaykh. So Shah Abdul Aziz (rh) told Ismail Dehlawi not to attend his classes from that day onwards (Arwahe Salasa).


Mawlvi Ashraf ali Thanvi makes fun of 'naqshabndis" saying:
" I have seen people doing porostations to the grave of Imam Rabbani Sirhindi ( Rd) and some people object at Chishti's only". ( al ifadat al Yawmiya)

Ismaeel Dehlawi wrote:" All this Sufi tariqah like Chishti, Qadri, Naqshbandi and Suharwardi is bid'ah.” [Taqwiyatul Iman]

 Maulvi Rashid Gangohi said : " This book ( Taqwiyatul Iman) is the Ayn Islam ( core of islam).” It means as per deobandi sect, the ruling in this book supercedes all other ruling given in any of their other books.

Belief of Ismail Dehlawi :

1.  Mawlid, Urs, Quran Khwani , all this is Biddah.
2. Istighatha is Shirk.
3. Prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) should not be respected more than a land lord .
4. Allahu ta'la is in a direction...etc

Read more here  original scans Here


(Edited by ADHM)