“All bidahs are misguidance and all misguidance are in the fire.”
This hadith is not general but rather specific as classical scholars explained, such terminology is used in Shariah many times if we generally apply such rulings without checking new matters in light of Principles laid down by Shariah then this would be mocking at it, for example Quran states:
We all know that Jesus (pbuh) is worshipped by Christians, now if we make this ayah general then Naudhobillah:
"I found a woman ruling them, who is blessed with everything, and possesses a tremendous palace. [27:23]
The claim that the Shar'i Bid'ah refers to
every new actis incorrect
Every new practice is not Bid'ah
Extremists claim that bid'ah is that practice which was not found in the blessed time of the Prophet (s), the Khulafa-ur-Rashidoon or the Sahaba.
Such a definition would label countless practices as Bid'ah
because none of them were found during the blessed time of the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وسلم)
or the Sahaba (RA).
Was this definition of Bid'ah presented with the intention of reward?
Abu Hurairah (RA) reported that Rasūlullah (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam), upon whom be peace, said to Bilal, “O Bilal, tell me what good deed you have done in Islam that I hear the sound of your footsteps in
(Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim. It is also reported by Buraydah Al-Aslamī with minor differences in Tirmithī and Hākim’s Mustadarak)
[Reported in Sahīh Al-Bukhārī, the Muwatta’, Nasā’ī, Ahmad]
Sahih Muslim, Book 034, Number 6466:
Jarir bin Abdullah ra reported:
The one who innovates a good innovation in Islam has its reward and the reward of those who would practice with it until the Day of Judgement without lessening the rewards of those who practice with it. The one who innovates the innovation of misguidance, would take the sin for it and the sin of those who practice with it until the Day of Judgement without lessening the sin of those who practice with it
This hadith, which is confirmed and of the sahih classification, is a foundation for proving the validity of the good innovations in Islam.
the great Muhadditheen would never have explained the
following 5 types of Bid'ah:
is it possible to even
contemplate a good bid'ah?
In quoting Hafiz ibn Kathir, Allama Waheed-uz-Zaman writes,
"Bid'ah is of two types. One is Bid'ah of astray which is also referred to as evil.
The second is Bid'ah Hidaaya which is also known as good. The bid'ah which is contrary to the commandments of Allah & His Prophet is the Bid'ah of misguidance and evil and the bid'ah which is in accordance with the commandments of Allah & His Prophet but has no previous precedence, for example new ways of being generous or new forms of good deeds (like establishing orphanages or houses for widows, poor, disabled or library, or schools of manufacturing, business, agriculture, medicine or religious science) is Bid'ah Hasanah and there is an expectation of reward for it based upon the hadith
Furthermore the issue is not restricted to the issue of Bilāl.
They seem to forget that many of the salaf innovated into the dīn of Allāh.
The claim of all-inclusiveness is thus shown; by the evidences we have presented here, to be an incorrect understanding of the hadīth.
Here ends the quote of ibn Katheer (Lughatul Hadith)
Imam Shafi'i states:
1. In the first stage: Dots were used as syntactical marks. This was in the era of Mu`awiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan, who charged Abu Al-Aswad Al-Dualy (d. 69AH) to do it in order to prevent people from a faulty reading of the Quran.
2. In the second stage: Arabic letters were marked with different dotting to differentiate between them (e.g.:B, T,TH). This was in the time of Abdul-Malik Ibn Marawan, who charged Al-Hajjaj to do it.
3. In the third stage: Complete vowel points (e.g. dammah, fathah, kasrah) were used, in the form we are using nowadays. This method was invented by Al-Khaleel Ibn Ahmed Al Faraheedi.
“The fact that this is innovated (muhdath) forms no impediment to this. How many innovated matters are excellent! As it was said concerning the establishing of congregations in Tarâwîh. That it was among the innovations of `Umar (ra) and that it was an excellent innovation (bid`a hasana). The blameworthy bid`a is only what opposes the ancient Sunna or might lead to changing it.”[Al-Ghazzâlî, Ihyâ' `Ulûm al-Dîn (1:276).]