Monday, 16 March 2020

Imam Abu Hanifa & Imam Malik - THE ENCOUNTER



THE ENCOUNTER


Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Malik

Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zūṭā ibn Marzubān (d.150AH) Known as Imam Abu Hanifa (rah)
Abu Abdullah Mālik ibn Anas ibn Mālik (d.179AH) Known as Imam Malik (rah)


Before Imam Malik and Imam Abu-Hanifa’s encounter, 

Imam Malik used to say,

 “Beware of the people of opinion.”

Abu-Hanifa’s school was called the “school of opinion.” Before their meeting, there was a lot of talk and exchange of letters but they only met during the rituals of the Hajj.

When they finally met, they chose to address three issues which were viewed differently by each party. The first jurisprudential issue was about how to address hypothetical questions; things that had not taken place yet.

In Imam Malik’s juristic school of thought, we should not imagine situations and ask about things that have not happened, as this distracts people from already existing issues and lead to controversy.

Imam Malik brought his evidence from various ayahs and ahadith. 
He stated the ayah where Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, They ask you concerning the new moons (Literally: crescents).” (TMQ, 2:189). Such questions are meaningless. 
Allah (SWT) replies in the ayah, that can be translated as, “Say, “They are fixed times for mankind, and (for) the Pilgrimage.” (TMQ, 2:189)

His other evidence was that Omar Ibnul-Khattab (RA) cursed the one who asked about situations that have not happened and used to say, “Do not engage us with things that have not happened, keep people busy with the truth instead.”

People used to come to Imam Malik and ask him hypothetical questions and he used to get angry and tell them not to ask about things that have not happened yet. Those people were usually from Iraq where Imam Abu-Hanifa was, who supported this kind of questions.

As for Imam Abu-Hanifa, his approach was based on inventing situations that have not happened. He invented 60, 000 such situations.

In their meeting Imam Malik disapproved Imam Abu Hanifa’s view.

Abu-Hanifa replied that the circumstances in Iraq are different from Madinah

Iraq is the capital of the Caliphate and everyday there are new things being introduced and they should be prepared, while in Madinah problems are fixed and limited. 

Then, he gave an example when he discussed with his students a situation of a woman whose husband traveled and was absent for so long that she thought he was dead and hence she married another man.

Suddenly, the man returnedWhat should be done then?



Imam Malik wondered why they would ask about things that have not happened, but Abu-Hanifa said that in Iraq, where soldiers went on conquests, this might occur and they should be ready for such situation. Imam Malik was silent.

Imam Abu-Hanifa reminded him of what 

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said when a man came to him saying, “Imagine if a man comes to take my money, what shall I do?” 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told him not to give it to him. 
The man asked again, “Imagine if he fights me?” 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) urged him to fight him too. 
The man asked, “Imagine if he killed me? 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said that he would be a martyr. 
The man asked once more “Imagine if I killed him?” 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said that the man killed would go to the hellfire.

Abu-Hanifa said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was asked by about a hypothetical situation four times.

When Malik said that this was for a purpose, Abu-Hanifa replied, “In Iraq we do it for a purpose too.
Then, Al-Layth Ibn-Sa’ad said, “Glory to Allah. By Allah, you are enriching Islam.”
Imam Malik kept people away from indulging in trivial issues and Imam Abu-Hanifa was questioning the future to protect people.
That was what the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) did.

He forbade asking about things that are hypothetical and replied to an important situation that could happen in the future.

Both Imams reached a conclusion of holding on to what they were doing, but to then integrate both approaches for the benefit of Islam.

The four principles previously mentioned certainly to this debate.
Their difference of opinion is a natural phenomenon because the minds and environment of Iraq are unlike those of Madinah.
Their difference of opinion resulted in an environment that enriched Islam. The calm and honest dialogue helped in presenting the various opinions and truths from all aspects. Meanwhile, the manner of conversation between both men was civilized, polite and outstanding.

The issues they discussed were not petty. Nowadays some people leave the obligatory issues related to the unity of the Muslims and dispute over trivial matters. Both Imams differed on core issues, but there was love and understanding between them.

The second issue which the Imams disagreed on was that of the consensuses.

In Islam, in order to reach a solution for any question is look it up in the Qur’an. If you did not find it, to look it up in ahadith, if not; then apply the rule of the consensus of the scholars. 

Imam Malik believed that the consensus should be that agreed by the people of Madinah
only because the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) lived and died there and so did his nine wives who saw all his actions and witnessed all his deeds. They are about 10,000 companions. 

A man came to Imam Malik and asked him about disputed matters.
The Imam said, “Search for the opinion of the people of Madinah. When you find it, be sure that it is the truth.” He said to another one, “You can find knowledge in Madinah, as Qur’an was not revealed in Euphrates (meaning Iraq and Abu Hanifa’s school).”

Imam Abu Hanifa was 13 years older than Imam Malik, yet he respected him.
He replied, “Malik, the conquests during the reign of Omar Ibnul-Khattab distributed the Companions (RA) all over the world. You say that in Madinah there are 10,000 companions. In the last battle of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) there were about 120,000 companions, so where are the rest?
You cannot deny that Omar Ibnul-Khattab sent the companions particularly to teach people in different countries.”

He started to numerate some companions such as
Mo’az Ibn-Jabal whom the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) described to be the most knowledgeable and sent him to Yemen. Also, he mentioned Abdullah Ibn-Mas’od whose way of reciting Qur’an was recommended by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) for the people. He added the names of Abu-Dthar, Zobair Ibnul-A’wam, and Sa’ad Ibn-Abu-Waqqas in Egypt, Hudthayfa Ibnul-Yaman, Abdullah Ibn-Mas’od, and Ali Ibn-Abu-Talib in Iraq, Abu-Ubayda Ibnul-Jaraah, Bilal and Abul-Dardaa’ in Syria, etc.

Then, he narrated the hadith of the
Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) where he said that his companions are like the stars any of which can guide people. Imam Abu-Hanifa went on to say that the brilliance of Omar Ibnul-Khattab is what led him to send the companions all over world and kept some in Madinah to keep a balance.
Thus, Imam Abu-Hanifa showed Imam Malik that the distribution of the companions was for the sake of the integration of the ummah.

Al-Layth Ibn-Sa’ad said, “By Allah, this also, is an integration of the ummah.”

When you look from another angle you can see another aspect of the truth. This is the virtue of difference; to help you see the truth from all its aspects. If all people think alike, they will see only one side of the truth, but Allah (SWT) whose name is the Truth wants you to see all the sides.

The third issue tackled in the meeting was about the school of opinion and hadith.
Imam Abu-Hanifa expands the explanation of the ahadith to the extent that he concluded 100 lessons from one hadith.
Imam Malik saw that it as an exaggeration and overloading the hadith which the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) did not want.

Imam Abu-Hanifa replied that in Iraq,
Greek, Roman and Persian philosophies and sciences are invading them, so he needs to keep people fixed on the path of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).
That is why he was searching in ahadith to counter the new ideas. On the other hand in Madinah, there are none but the companions and their followers, so there is no need for expansion in elaborating ahadith.
Al-Layth Ibn-Sa’ad said, “This too is integration
Both Imams complement one another in keeping Islam.

After the two Imams left the meeting,
Al-Layth Ibn-Sa’ad, an Egyptian Imam whose juristic school of thought was just as superior as the other four Imams but had no students to spread it, was keen on knowing the impression of both sides.

He went to Imam Malik and asked him.
Imam Malik wiped his sweat and said, “By Allah, Abu-Hanifa made me sweat. By Allah, he is a true jurist. I’ve never seen a man debating like that. By Allah, if he told you that this iron rod is made out of gold, he would convince you.”

Al-Layth went to
Imam Abu-Hanifa who said, “I debated hundreds of men, but have never seen a man accept the truth as fast as him.”

What happened after that?
First, Imam Abu-Hanifa sent his son Hammaad to Madinah to learn the jurisprudential approach of Malik and his book ‘Al-Mu’ata’.
Then, Imam Malik asked for the books of Abu-Hanifa to benefit from them. 

Meanwhile, Muhammad Ibnul-Hassan, a student of
Abu-Hanifa’s, held a session in Iraq to present the approach of Malik. 

Once, Imam Abu-Hanifa sent to Imam Malik consulting him on an issue before announcing his opinion to the
public.
Abu-Hanifa did not agree about naming a sinful person a disbeliever.
Imam Malik agreed, so Abu Hanifa announced it.
This did not arise from one meeting only, but there were numerous correspondences which contributed more to their integration.

The Abbassid Caliph Al-Mansour once came to Imam Malik offering him to cancel all other jurisprudential approaches, making Malik’s approach prevail, and also writing his book in
gold and keeping it inside the Ka’ba.

Imam Malik
who once
rejected all other approaches and asserted on the opinion of the people of Madinah told him not to do so because the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) are spread all over the world. Those were Abu-Hanifa’s words from their encounter. 
---
Ahmad ibn al-Khalil said that he heard Ishaq ibn Ibrahim {Ibn Rahawayh} say,

“When Imam Malik ibn Anas, Sufyan ath-Thawri and al-Awza’i agree on a matter, it is Sunnah, even if there is no text on it.” [Tadhkirah al-Huffaz, adh-Dhahabi]
" Out of Imam Malik’s nine hundred teachers, three hundred were from the Tabi'in and six hundred from the followers of the Tabi'in. {In my = an-Nawawi's opinion} the Imam’s greatest teacher was Nafi. [Tahdhebul' Asma]

`Abdur-Rahman ibn Mahdi said: " There is none more trustworthy in Hadith Nabawi on the face of this earth than Imam Malik. "

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said: " I was asked whose Hadith should be memorized by heart if from anyone? I replied Malik ibn Anas.

Imam Bukhari said: " I was asked what is the most authentic chain of narrators. I replied from Malik from Nafi`from Ibn `Umar {Allah be pleased with him}.

Imam an-Nasa'i said: " After the Tabi`in the most understanding, reliable, trustworthy, man in Hadith is Imam Malik. " {May Allah be pleased with them all}.

---

(Edited by ADHM)



(Published: 13/03/2012)

Saturday, 14 March 2020

How 2 Seek 4 Means




Imam Al-Suyuti (rah) mentions the context of this event in his Tarikh al-Khulafa' (Beirut, 1992 Ahmad Fares ed. p. 140): "In the year 17 `Umar enlarged the Prophetic mosque. That year there was a drought in the Hijaz. It was named the Year of Cinders (`am al-ramada).
Umar(RA) prayed for rain for the people by means of al-`Abbas(RA).
Ibn Sa`d narrated from [the Sahabi] Niyar al-Aslami that when `Umar came came out to pray for rain, he came out wearing the cloaks (burd) of the Messenger of Allah, upon him blessings and peace.
Ibn `Awn narrated that `Umar took al-`Abbas's hand and raised it up, saying, 'O Allah, we seek a means to You with the uncle of Your Prophet to ask that You drive away from us the drought and water us with rain'...." Here



Al-Darimi in the Chapter 15 of the Muqaddima (Introduction) to his Sunan (1:43) entitled:
"Allah's generosity to His Prophet after his death," relates from Aws ibn `Abd Allah with a good chain:
"The people of Madina complained to `A'isha of the severe drought that they were suffering.
She said: "Go to the Prophet's grave and open a window towards the sky so that there will be no roof between him and the sky." They did so, after which they were watered with such rain that vegetation grew and the camels got fat. That year was named the Year of Plenty." [1]


Bilal Bin Harith ( Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu )
It is related by Malik Al Daar, Umar's treasurer, that the people suffered a drought during the successorship of Umar , whereupon a man ( Bilal Bin Harith. Ref Tareekh Ibn Khaysmah, Fat'hul Bari ) came to the grave of the Prophet and said : O Messenger Of Allah, ask for rain for your ummah, for verily they have but perished, after which the Prophet appeared to him in a dream and told him : go to Umar and give him my greeting , then tell him that they will be watered. tell him you must be clever, you must be clever!. The man went and told Umar. The latter said : " O my Lord , I spare no effort except in what escapes my power ." Here
 --
Ref:
[IBN HAJAR, AL ASAABAH FI TAMEEZ AL SAHABA, PART 1, PAGE 164 ]
[IBN KATHIR, AL BIDAYA WA AL NIHAYA, PAGE 495 ]
[IMAM IBN SHAYBAH, AL MUSANNAF, HADITH 32538]
[IBN HAJAR, FAT'HUL BAARI, PART 1, ]
[TAREEKH IBN KHAYSMAH , PART 2,PAGE 80, HADITH 1818 ]
[IBN ABD AL BARR, AL ISTI'AAB, PART 2, PAGE 77,78 ]
[IMAM QASTALANI, AL MAWAHIB AL LADUNNIYAH, PART 4 ]
[IMAM TAQI AL DEEN SUBKI, SHIFA AL SIQAAM, PAGE 281,282 ]
-------------------------------------------



In years of drought, people would go to the grave of the companion, Abu Ayyub Ansari (RA) and make supplications for rain and Allah ta'ala would then cause it to rain.[ Tabaqat ibn Sa'ad, 3:380]
--

Ibn al-Jawzi in his biographies of the awliya entitled Sifat al-safwa lists many of those at whose graves tabarruk (seeking blessing) and tawassul is recommended. Among them:
Abu Ayyub al-Ansari: "al-Waqidi said: It has reached us that the Eastern Romans visit his grave and seek rain through his intercession when they suffer from droughts" (1:243).
Mujahid said: "People would uncover the space above his grave and it would rain."
Ma`ruf al-Karkhi (d. 200AH): " His grave can be seen in Baghdad, and one seeks blessings with it.
al-Hafiz Ibrahim al-Harbi (d. 285AH) -Imam Ahmad's companion  used to say: Ma`ruf's grave is proven medicine " (2:214)
Ibn al-Jawzi adds: "We ourselves go to Ibrahim al-Harbi's grave and seek blessings with it" (2:410)
al-hafiz al-Dhahabi also relates Ibrahim al-Harbi's saying about Ma`ruf al-Karkhi: " Ma`ruf's grave is proven medicine." Siyar a`lam al-nubala' (9:343).



Remarkably, the early historian al-Ṭabarī (d. 311/923) corroborates Freely’s account of Byzantine Christians visiting the tomb of Abū Ayyūb al-Ansarī. Furthermore, al-Ṭabarī’s attestation forwards the popular phenomenon to the early 4th/10th century: It was reported that the Greeks frequent his grave, renovate it, and pray there for rain in times of drought. (al-Ṭabarī, The History of al-Ṭabarī, 39:40)
--
Zakariya al-Kazwini (ca. 1203-83), relates that “this tomb is now venerated among them (the Byzantines) and they open it when they pray for rain in times of drought; and rain is granted them.” If the tomb was still extant in early Palaeologan times [dynasty begins 1259], it seems improbable that it should so completely have disappeared before the Turkish conquest. Probably, Fatih restored or rebuilt it on a grander scale. (Sumner-Boyd and Freely, Strolling Through Istanbul, 363-4)
--
Philip K. Hitti provides a slightly different account than Freely of the burial place’s discovery as well as offering some details concerning Abū Ayyūb’s final campaign:
Tradition asserts that in the course of the siege abu-Ayyūb  died of dysentery and was buried before the walls of Constantinople. His legendary tomb soon became a shrine even for the Christian Greeks, who made pilgrimages to it in times of drought to pray for rain. During the siege of Constantinople in 1453 by the Turks, the tomb was miraculously discovered by rays of light… and a mosque was built on the site. Thus did the Madīnese gentleman become a saint for three nations. (Hitti, History of the Arabs, 201-2)



The tomb of Abū Ayyūb al-Ansārī
He was one of the great Companions. He took part in the battle of Constantinople. Near the enemy border he fell ill. As the illness grew worse, he dictated his will as follows:
When I die, take my dead body with you, when you line up against the enemy, bury me in your feet
[Ibn ‘Abd-ul-Barr, al-Istiab fī ma‘rifat-il-ashāb (1:404-5)]
So, acting on his will, the Islamic soldiers buried him at the foot of the fort and warned the enemies that in case they tried to desecrate his grave, no church in the Islamic country would remain safe. Thus, even the enemies were forced to revere his grave, and people soon came to know the blessings emanating from the grave. Whatever they prayed for at the grave was immediately granted.
And Abū Ayyūb’s grave lies near the ramparts of the fort and everybody knows it... When people pray for rain there, it starts raining.
[Ibn ‘Abd-ul-Barr, al-Istiab fī ma‘rifat-il-ashāb (1:405)]

Mujahid says: Whenever there is famine, people expose the grave, so it starts raining



Al-Hafiz Abu `Ali al-Ghassani relates in Ibn al-Subki's Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya 2:234:
Abu al-Fath Nasr ibn al-Hasan al-Sakani al-Samarqandi came to us in 464 and said:
"We had a drought in Samarqand some years ago. The people made the istisqa' prayer but they did not get rain.
A saintly man named al-Salah came to the judge and said to him: "I have an opinion I would like to show you. My opinion is that you come out followed by the people and that you all go to the grave of Imam Muhammad ibn Isma`il al-Bukhari and make istisqa' (prayer for rain) there. Perhaps Allah will give us rain."
The judge said: "What a good opinion you have." He came out and the people followed him, and he prayed for rain in front of them at the grave while people wept and sought the intercession of the one that was in it. Allah sent such heavy rain that those who were in Khartenk (where this took place, 3 miles away from Samarqand) could not reach Samarqand for seven days because of the rain's abundance."



Imam Dhahabi narrates: Once there was a drought in Samarqand, People tried their best, some said Salat al Istisqa but still it did not rain, A renowned righteous man known as Salih came to the Qadhi and said: In my opinion you along with your public should visit the grave of Imam Bukhari (rah), His grave is located in Khartank, We should (go near the Qabr) and ask for rain, Allah might give us rain then, The Qadhi said Yes to his opinion and then he along with the people went towards (the Qabr) and then He made a dua along with the people and people started to cry near the grave and started to make him a Waseela (i.e. Imam Bukhari). Allah Ta’ala (immediately) sent rainclouds. All people stayed in Khartank for about 7 days, none of them wanted to go back to Samarqand although the distance between Samarqand and Khartank was only 3 miles [Siyar al A'lam wa al Nubalah, Volume:12, Page No. 469]
Imam Bulqini also declares this tradition “sound” in his Fatawa. 
Imam Subki confirms Hakim's authentication in [Shifa-us-siqam fi ziyarat khayr-il-anam Page No. 120-1]


Ibn Taymiyyah said: 
It is narrated that a group heard answer to Salam from grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and graves of other righteous people.  
Saeed bin Musayb (rah) heard Adhan from the grave of Prophet during the incident of Harra (i.e. when Yazid attacked Madina).
"ALL OF THIS IS HAQ (TRUTH))"
However this is not related to the topic I am discussing.
This matter is more greater and Jalil.
"SIMILARLY TO THIS IS THE INCIDENT OF A MAN GOING TO GRAVE OF PROPHET AND COMPLAINING ABOUT DROUGHT. THUS HE SAW THE PROPHET GIVING HIM ORDER TO GO TO UMAR (RA) AND TELL HIM TO COME OUT SO THAT PEOPLE PRAY FOR RAIN”
[(Iqtida as Siraat al Mustaqeem (1/373)]
--
Ibn Taymiyya says that:
In the time of a drought, a person came to our Prophet’s grave and complained about the drought. He then saw our Prophet, (sallallahu ’alaihi wa sallam), who said go to ‘Umar and tell him to perform the Salaah of Istisqah. There are numerous true narrations similar to this.
[Iqtisa Sirat al Mustaqim, page 373, Also Imam Bukhari has mentioned about this in his book, Tarikh al Kabir, biography of Malik al dar]
--
Ibn Taymiyya writes:
Some people came to the grave of our Prophet, (sallallahu ’alaihi wa sallam), and requested something, and their needs were fulfilled. In the like manner, the pious people can also fulfill the needs of people - and we do not deny this.
[Iqtida as Sirat al-Mustaqim, - page 373, Ibn Taymiyya]
--



Imam al-Bayhaqi (Rahimahullah)'s Dalail an Nubuwah. In Muqadmah of this book he made usooli discussion that he will only narrate authentic hadiths.
He narrates: “A person repeatedly visited Uthman bin Affan (RA) concerning something he needed but Uthman paid no attention to him. The man went to Uthman bin Hunaif (ra) and complained to him about the matter- [Note: this was after the demise of the Prophet (s) and after the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar (RA) ] so Uthman bin Hunaif said : “Go to the place of Wudu, then come to the Masjid, perform two Rak'ats and then say : “O Allah!, I ask you and turn to you through the intercession our Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet of Mercy. O Muhammad! I turn through your intercession to my lord, that He fulfil my need” and mention your need. Then come so that I can go with you [to the caliph Uthman] So the man left and did as he had been told, then went to the door of Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him), and the doorman came, took him by the hand, brought him to Uthman ibn Affan, and seated him next to him on a cushion. 'Uthman asked, "What do you need?" and the man mentioned what he wanted, and Uthman accomplished it for him ...(till the end of hadith) See Dalail an Nubuwah (6/167-168) Here

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[1]  Al-Darimi in the Chapter 15 of the Muqaddima (Introduction) to his Sunan (1:43) entitled:
 "Allah's generosity to His Prophet after his death," relates from Aws ibn Abd Allah with a good chain:
"The people of Madina complained to `A'isha of the severe drought that they were suffering.

She said: "Go to the Prophet's grave and open a window towards the sky so that there will be no roof between him and the sky." They did so, after which they were watered with such rain that vegetation grew and the camels got fat. That year was named the Year of Plenty."

It is clear from the above narrations that the position of the Mother of the Believers `A'isha differs from that of modern-day "Salafis," since she recommended to the people of Madina to use the Prophet in his grave as a means of obtaining blessing and benefit and this remained in use until the Wahhabis took over the Hijaz, while "Salafis" declare this to be unacceptable. Either they know better than the fuqaha' of the Companions or, most certainly, they are peddling misguidance and innovation.




Shaykh Albani, in order to reject the hadith of Darimi, raised some objections which are so full of holes that one can not only see the sky through them, but also the sun, the moon, and the stars. 
He said in his little book translated under the name Tawassul: 
Its Types and Its Rulings (p. 130-131) about Darimi's chain of transmission for the report (Abu al-Nu`man from Sa`id ibn Zayd from `Amr ibn Malik al-Nukri from Abu al-Jawza' Aws ibn `Abd Allah from `A'isha):
This chain of narration is weak and cannot be used as a proof due to three reasons:
(i) Sa`id ibn Zayd who is the brother of Hammad ibn Zayd is somewhat weak. al-Hafiz [Ibn Hajar] said about him in al-Taqrib: "Generally acceptable, but he makes mistakes." Dhahabi said about him in al-Mizan: "Yahya ibn Sa`id said: Weak, and al-Sa`di said: He is not a proof, they declare his ahadith to be weak. Nasa'i and others said: He is not strong; and Ahmad said: He is all right. Yahya ibn Sa`id would not accept him."

However, the above documentation is partial and biased, and this is not surprising since "Salafis" only mention what advances their view while they cover up, rephrase, or declare weak whatever contradicts it. 
This is especially true of Albani, whose followers claim him as "the leading scholar of hadith of this age"(!) whereas he makes frequent mistakes, innovates in many of his rulings, and is generally unreliable except to those unschooled in the Islamic sciences. It would be more correct for "Salafis" to say: "He is our leading scholar," for in this we would agree with them completely. However, it is a fact that no one who has actual knowledge in hadith and fiqh uses Albani's books except that they check and verify anything they take from them against trustworthy scholars.

The present narration is a case in point, since Albani deliberately omits to mention the authentication of the narrators he seeks to declare weak, hiding basic evidence from his readers in order to mislead them, all because he is dead set against the issue at hand, even if it is authentically reported from the Mother of the Believers!

Following is a point-by-point refutation of Albani's claims by the Moroccan hadith scholar `Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Siddiq al-Ghumari in his booklet entitled: Irgham al-mubtadi` al-ghabi bi jawaz al-tawassul bi al-nabi (The coercion of the unintelligent innovator to the effect that using the Prophet as a means is permissible p. 23-25):

Albani's weakening of Sa`id ibn Zayd is rejected, because Sa`id is one of Muslim's narrators, and Yahya ibn Ma`in declared him trustworthy (thiqa)!

The editor of Ghumari's text, Ghumari's 
student Hasan `Ali al-Saqqaf says on the same page as the above:
Albani has adduced worthless proofs as is his habit when embellishing falsehood.
He cited whatever fit his whim from 
Ibn Hajar's Taqribleaving out his mention that Sa`id ibn Zayd is one of Muslim's narrators in his Sahih. Beware, therefore, of this tadlis (concealment) on his part!... He added Dhahabi's notice on Sa`id ibn Zayd in the Mizan, and this is another deliberate cover-upfor he faithlessly omitted to mention what Ibn Hajar reported in Tahdhib al-tahdhib (4:29) from those who declared Sa`id ibn Zayd trustworthy, in addition to his being one of Muslim's narrators:

Bukhari said: "Muslim ibn Ibrahim narrated to us: Sa`id ibn Zayd Abu al-Hasan narrated to us, and he is reliable and a memorizer of hadith (saduq hafiz)."
al-Duri said on the authority of Ibn Ma`in: "Sa`id ibn Zayd is trustworthy (thiqa)."
Ibn Sa`d said: "He was trustworthy."
al-`Ujli said: "He is from Basra, and he is trustworthy."
Abu Zur`a said: "I heard Sulayman ibn Harb say: Sa`id ibn Zayd narrated to us, and he was trustworthy."
Abu Ja`far al-Darimi said: "Hibban ibn Hilal narrated to us: Sa`id ibn Zayd narrated to us, and he was a memorizer of hadith and he was reliable."
Ibn `Adi said: "There is no denounced narration from him except someone else also narrates it, and I consider him one of those in the reliable category."

In addition to the above remarks it is noteworthy to mention that Albani cited Ahmad's grading of Sa`id ibn Zayd as la ba'sa bihi which his translator rendered as "he is all right," but neither the author nor the translator seems to know that in Imam Ahmad's terminology la ba'sa bihi is identical with thiqa, which means "trustworthy" and is among the highest gradings of authentication! Ibn Salah in his Muqaddima (p. 134), Dhahabi in Lisan al-mizan (1:13), Sakhawi in Fath al-mughith, Ibn Hajar in Hadi al-sari, Abu Ghudda in his commentary to Lucknawi's Raf` (p. 222 n. 3), as well as the editor of Nawawi's al-Taqrib wa al-taysir (p. 51) have indicated that the equivalency of saying "There is no harm in him" with the grade of trustworthy (thiqa) obtains for many early authorities of the third century such as Ibn Ma`in, Ibn al-Madini, Imam Ahmad, Duhaym, Abu Zur`a, Abu Hatim al-Razi, Ya`qub ibn Sufyan al-Fasawi, and others.

Albani continues in his list of reasons for weakening Darimi's narration:

(ii) It is mawquf (stopping at the Companion), coming only from `A'isha and not from the Prophet, and even if the chain of narration up to `A'isha were authentic then it would not be a proof since it is something open to personal judgment in which even the Companions are sometimes correct and sometimes incorrect, and we are not bound to act upon that (!).

To this claim it is easy to reply that not only is the narration sound and authentic, but also that there is no objection related from any of the Companions to the act recommended by the Mother of the Believers, just as there was no objection on their part to the istisqa' made by the man who came to the grave of the Prophet in the narration of Malik al-Dar cited below. This shows ijma` on the matter on the part of the Companions, and such ijma` is definitely binding in the sense that no one can declare unlawful or innovative something which they have tacitly declared lawful or desirable. As for the following the opinion of the Companions we say what Imam al-Shafi`i said as related by Ibn Qayyim in A`lam al-muwaqqi`in `an rabb al-`alamin (2:186-187): "Their opinion for us is better than our opinion to ourselves."

Albani listed the following as his last reason for weakening Darimi's narration:

(iii) Abu al-Nu`man... was originally a reliable narrator except that he deteriorated at the end of his life. The hadith master Burhan al-Din al-Halabi mentions him among those who deteriorated in later life in his book al-Muqaddima (p. 391) and he says: "The ruling about these people is that their narrations are accepted if reported from them by people who heard from them before they deteriorated. But narrations reported from them by those who heard from them after they deteriorated, or narrations reported from therm by people about whom we do not know whether they heard from them before they deteriorated or after, then these narrations are to be rejected."I say: We do not know whether this report was heard by Darimi from him before or after his memory deterioratedit is therefore not acceptable and cannot be used as evidence. [Footnote:] Shaykh al-Ghumari missed this weakness in Misbah al-zujaj (p. 43), just as it was ignored by another in order to give the impression to the people that this report is authentic(!).

Ghumari said regarding these claims about Abu al-Nu`man:
His weakening of Abu al-Nu`man is invalid, because Abu al-Nu`man's deterioration did not affect what is narrated from him! al-Daraqutni said [as cited by Dhahabi in Mizan al-i`tidal (4:81)]: "He deteriorated at the end of his life, and no denounced hadith issued from him after his deterioration whatsoever, and he is trustworthy (thiqa)." As for what Ibn Hibban said, that "Many denounced things occurred in his narrations after his deterioration," then al-Dhahabi refuted it when he said (4:8): "Ibn Hibban was unable to cite a single denounced narration from him, and the truth is just as Daraqutni said."
Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Alawi al-Maliki said in his book Shifa' al-fu'ad bi ziyarat khayr al-`ibad (p. 152):
Abu al-Nu`man's deterioration neither harms nor is detrimental to his reliability, since Bukhari in his Sahih narrated over one hundred hadiths from him, and no narration was taken from him after his deterioration, as Daraqutni said.... The chain of transmission is all right, in fact I consider it good. The scholars have cited as evidence many chains that are like it or less strong than it.
Following are Saqqaf's further comments, beginning with Albani's charge against Shaykh al-Ghumari:
We know full well that it is Albani who betrays scholarly trust and deliberately misinforms the people, even if he accuses others of disinformation.... In weakening Abu al-Nu`man he has again acted faithlessly. 
His quotation from al-Burhan al-Halabi's book al-Ightibat bi man rumiya bi al-ikhtilat (p. 23) is designed to pull the wool over the eyes of his followers and those who only read his works! 
For it is necessary to also know that those who are branded as suffering from deterioration in the aforementioned book are divided among those whose narrations were unaffected by their deterioration and those whose narrations were affected. Abu al-Nu`man belongs to the first group, and al-Dhahabi made this clear in al-Mizan (4:8). Therefore our reply to Albani is: Shaykh al-Ghumari did not miss anything concerning this matter of deterioration, because he is a hadith scholar and a master memorizer (hafiz), however, it is you who have missed it, O slandering backbiter!

As for Albani's quotation of Ibn Taymiyya's claim in his al-Radd `ala al-Bakri (p. 68-74) whereby "a clear proof that it is a lie is the fact that no such opening existed above the house at all in the whole of the life of `A'isha"(!) then it is a weak objection which is no sooner brought up than cast out. Surely Imam al-Darimi and the scholars of the succeeding generations would know of such a detail better than latecomers. As for the authorities among the latter, then the hadith scholar and historian of Madina Imam `Ali al-Samhudi (d. 922) did not so much as look at Ibn Taymiyya's objection, rather he confirmed the truth of Darimi's narration by saying, after citing it in his Wafa' al-wafa' (2:549): al-Zayn al-Miraghi said: "Know that it is the Sunna of the people of Madina to this day to open a window at the bottom of the dome of the Prophet's room, that is, of the blessed green dome, on the side of the Qibla." I say: And in our time, they open the door facing the noble face (the grave) in the space surrounding the room and they gather there."

So much for the claims of naysayers regarding istisqa' through the Prophet(s)
The ACT of the Mother of the Believers `A'isha in the narration of Darimi is explicitly confirmed by Abu Talib's famous line of poetry concerning istisqa' through the Prophet(s) as related in the book of istisqa' in Bukhari's Sahih:

`Abdullah ibn Dinar said: "I heard Ibn `Umar reciting the poetic verses of Abu Talib:
A fair-skinned one by whose face rainclouds are sought,
A caretaker for the orphans and protector of widows.
`Umar ibn Hamza said: Salim narrated from his father (Ibn `Umar) that the latter said:
"The poet's saying came to my mind as I was looking at the face of the Prophet while he was praying for rain -- and he did not get down till the rain water flowed profusely from every roof-gutter:
A fair-skinned one by whose face rainclouds are sought,
A caretaker for the orphans and protector of widows.
One sub-narrator added: "These were the words of Abu Talib."
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Note that in his translation of Bukhari (2:65), Muhammad Muhsin Khan alters the wording of the hadith to read:
 "A white person who is requested to pray for rain" in place of "by whose face rain is sought," and Allah knows best the reason for this grave betrayal of the translator's trust in the most important Islamic source after the Qur'an.
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حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو النعمان ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏سعيد بن زيد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏عمرو بن مالك النكري ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو الجوزاء أوس بن عبد الله ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏قحط ‏ ‏أهل ‏ ‏المدينة ‏ ‏قحطا ‏ ‏شديدا فشكوا إلى ‏ ‏عائشة ‏ ‏فقالت انظروا قبر النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏فاجعلوا منه ‏ ‏كوى ‏ ‏إلى السماء حتى لا يكون بينه وبين السماء سقف قال ففعلوا فمطرنا مطرا حتى نبت العشب وسمنت الإبل حتى ‏ ‏تفتقت ‏ ‏من الشحم فسمي عام ‏ ‏الفتق

Imam Dārimī Relates from Abu al-Jawza’ Aws bin ‘Abdullah: The people of Medina were in the grip of a severe famine. They complained to ‘A’ishah (about their terrible condition). She told them to go towards the Prophet’s grave and open a window in the direction of the sky so that there is no curtain between the sky and the grave. The narrator says they did so. Then it started raining heavily; even the lush green grass sprang up (everywhere) and the camels had grown so fat (it seemed) they would burst out due to the over piling of blubber. So the year was named as the year of greenery and plenty.
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References:
Sunan Darimi Volume:1, Page 227, Hadith Number:93 
Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Maliki says, “This tradition has a good chain of transmission; rather, in my opinion, it is sound. The scholars have also acknowledged its soundness and have established its genuineness on the basis of almost equally credible evidence. [Shifa’-ul-fu’ad bi-ziyarat khayr--il-‘ibad Page No.153]
Ibn-ul-Jawzī in al-Wafā’ bi-ahwāl-il-mustafā (2:801)
Subkī in Shifā’-us-siqām fī ziyārat khayr-il-anām (p.128)
Qastallānī in al-Mawāhib-ul-laduniyyah (4:276); and Zurqānī in his Commentary(11:150)
Chain :"“Abū an-Nu‘mān heard it from Sa‘īd bin Zayd, he from ‘Amr bin Mālik an-Nukrī and he from Abū al-Jawzā’ Aws bin ‘Abdullāh who has reported it.”




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(Edited by ADHM)