Monday, 18 December 2017

Tawhid is Simple Not Complicated!

Allah azza Wajjal has always kept concept of Tawhid (oneness of God) very simple to understand.

Some people like Christians and extremists from Muslims such as Wahhabiyyah/Salafis try to complicate Tawhid.

Christians have innovated complex concepts like Trinity in which they believe that God is one being with three persons (i.e. The Father, Son, and The Holy Spirit)

whereas Wahhabiyyah/Salafis have innovated Muslim trinity of dividing Tawhid in three parts i.e.
Tawhid al Uloohiyah (Worship),
Ruboobiyah (Lordship), and
Asma wa Sifaat (Names and Attributes).

None of these three divisions of Tawhid are proven from explicit verse of Qur’an nor Marfu hadith where Prophet said that Tawhid is divided into three parts. Please remember that Wahhabiyyah/Salafis consider every new innovation to be blameworthy no matter it is good in nature.
Ironically they have done Bidah in dividing Tawhid itself.

Qur’an states:
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ
Translation: And We sent no messenger before you but We inspired him, (saying): There is no god save Me (Allah), so worship Me. [21:25]
Hence all Prophets and Messengers taught this simple message of Oneness of Allah, and never asked people to worship other gods besides Allah or associate partners with him from human beings or idols.
Qur’an also says “La ILaha iL Allah (There is no god but Allah) in 37:35
إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا إِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ
Surely they used to behave proudly when it was said to them: “THERE IS NO god BUT ALLAH”
Hence Tawhid is simply stating and believing:  “La iLaha iL Allah” which literally means: There is no god but Allah, and explanatory meaning of it is: There is none “worthy of worship” but Allah.
In Hadith the Tawhid is kept very simple and here is one of my favorite hadiths.
Narrated Usama bin Zaid: Allah's Messenger () sent us towards Al-Huruqa, and in the morning we attacked them and defeated them. I and an Ansari man followed a man from among them and when we took him over, “HE SAID LA ILAHA IL ALLAH.” On hearing that, the Ansari man stopped, but I killed him by stabbing him with my spear. When we returned, the Prophet () came to know about that and he said, "O Usama! Did you kill him after he had said "La ilaha ilal-Lah?" I said, "But he said so only to save himself." THE PROPHET () KEPT ON REPEATING THAT SO OFTEN THAT I WISHED I HAD NOT EMBRACED ISLAM BEFORE THAT DAY” [Volume 5, Book 59, Number 568: (Sahih Bukhari)]
Now that person had not known all details about Islam or Tawhid but only said “La iLaha iL Allah” .The Prophet (s)did not say that he did not learn Tawhid al Uloohiyah, Ruboobiyah, or Asma wa Sifaat in order to have become proper monotheist. Remember that person was killed right after uttering La iLaha iL Allah and had not performed any other deeds or known technicalities of Islam, but still Prophet (Peace be upon him) testified to his Tawhid.

In Hadith we need to read hadith about Kalima of Shahadah which we recite in our daily prayers.
Hadith states:
Narrated `Abdullah bin Mas`ud: We used to say the greeting, name and greet each other in the prayer. Allah's Messenger () heard it and said:--"Say, 'at-tahiyyatu lil-lahi was-salawatu wat-taiyibatu . Assalamu 'Alaika aiyuha-n-Nabiyu warahmatu- l-lahi wa-barakatuhu. Assalamu alaina wa-'ala 'ibadi-l-lahi as-salihin.. Ashhadu an la ilaha illa-l-lah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan `Abdu hu wa Rasuluh. (All the compliments are for Allah and all the prayers and all the good things (are for Allah). Peace be on you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings (are on you). And peace be on us and on the good (pious) worshipers of Allah. ‘I TESTIFY THAT NONE HAS THE RIGHT TO BE WORSHIPPED BUT ALLAH AND THAT MUHAMMAD IS HIS SLAVE AND APOSTLE (أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ)
So, when you have said this, then you have surely sent the greetings to every good (pious) worshipper of Allah, whether he be in the Heaven or on the Earth . "
[Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 2, Book 22, Hadith 294]
It also has slight addition of “وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ ” which means “One is He, no partner has He’
Complete translation of 2nd Kalima of Islam i.e. Shahadah is:
“I bear witness that (there is) no god but Allah; One is He, no partner has He, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His (chosen) Servant and Messenger”

The greatest chapter to learn about Tawhid is 112th chapter called Surah al-Ikhlas, also known as Surah of Tawhid. The greatest verse to learn about Tawhid is Ayat al Kursi which is 255th verse of 2nd chapter. Also read beautiful verses from chapter 59 verses 22-24
Now in Islamic theology, the matters are known from their opposites.

The opposite of Tawhid is Shirk (i.e. associating partners with Allah). The opposite of Day is Night, the opposite of Light is Darkness, the opposite of White is Black, and so on. 

So what is Shirk? Shirk literally means “To associate (partners to or with Allah)”
Qur’an states:
وَاعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا ۖ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالْجَنبِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالًا فَخُورًا -
“WORSHIP ALLAH ‘ALONE’ AND ASSOCIATE NONE WITH HIM.” And be kind to parents, relatives, orphans, the poor, near and distant neighbours, close friends, ˹needy˺ travellers, and those ˹bondspeople˺ in your possession. Surely Allah does not like whoever is arrogant, boastful [4:36]
Qur’an also states:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَىٰ إِثْمًا عَظِيمًا
Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin. [4:48]
There are many more verses which talk about Shirk, see for example: 4:116, 3:64, 7:191, 12:38 and many others.
Here are 10 condensed matters which will constitute shirk, and those which will not.
List of Shirkiyah deeds with important clarifications.
1. To say or believe anyone or anything is equal to Allah in any of Allah’s attributes. Or to say anyone/anything is partner to/with Allah in any of His attributes.
2. To believe that Allah begets or is begotten.
3. To believe that anyone or anything is comparable to Allah. [For proofs on first three points see Qur’an chapter 112, verse 42:11, 3:64, 19:88-93, and 5:73]
4. To say or believe that anyone or anything is partner with Allah in creation, giving life and death, or in any of the attributes of Allah.
5. To call for help anyone other than Allah with belief that created being has independent powers and capabilities. However to believe that Prophets and Saints have granted capabilities will not be shirk, like for example Jesus “CREATED BIRDS AND BLEW SPIRIT INTO THEM, HE BROUGHT THE DEAD BACK TO LIFE, HE HEALED THE BLIND AND LEPERS, AND SO ON BUT WITH THE GRANT OF ALLAH (SEE QUR’AN 3:49 & 5:110).”
 Remember all these are qualities of Allah but Qur’an attributes them to Jesus too however with condition that he did it with the will/grant of Allah. Similarly had asking for help or intercession of Prophets and Saints been shirk then It would have been shirk in all forms, whether during their lives, in hereafter, or after their passing away.
From analogical point of view this could be understood by the saying that “making idols or worshiping anyone is shirk whether the person is alive or dead, similarly intercession and asking for help should have also been shirk if done to someone alive or dead.” The definition of Shirk does not change with transition of life.
All the verses which Wahhabiyyah/Salafis misuse refer to worshiping idols or created beings. It is belief of Muslims that Prophets remain alive in graves and intercede for us whereas that cannot be said of idols.
6. To worship anyone or anything.
7. To prostrate to anyone or anything other than Allah with intention of worship. Prostration of reverence will not be Shirk but Haram.
8. To believe that anyone whether the Prophets have same knowledge as of Allah. Remember Prophets having immense knowledge of “granted” unseen is proven from Qur’an and authentic hadiths (see: 3:179, 6:75, 72:26-27, 4:113, 81:24, 16:89, 18:65-82 and many hadiths). The title Aalim ul Ghayb is only for Allah and cannot be used for anyone but Him. However “ILM UL GHAYB” is given to Prophets and many righteous by Allah.
9. To believe that anyone whether the Prophets have same qualities like that of Allah, for example Allah is al-Hayy (The living) which means He is eternal. The Prophets are also “Alive in graves and praying as proven from Sahih Muslim and other authentic hadiths” but their life is not comparable to Allah because Allah is eternal whereas Prophets and all created beings came into existence at a specific time and they also “taste” death.
10. To believe that anyone or anything has independent and intrinsic powers and capabilities.
The list is longer but this is precise summary.
Remember it will also be SHIRK to believe that anyone or anything was always there from azl (eternity) with Allah.
Like for example:
Allah was always on Throne or Water.
Allah is literally sitting on throne, comes down literally, has body parts like hands, eyes, shins (legs), and so on.
The Mutashabih (allegorical) verses which Salafis misuse are not to be taken on their “DHAHIR (APPARENT)” meaning, and it is also school of theologians and great scholars that such verses are to be interpreted.
In the end I would like to conclude with hadith that Muslims will never get into Shirk al Akbar in majority but can indulge in minor shirk i.e. Shirk al-Khafi.
It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: “The Messenger of Allah () came out to us when we were discussing Dajjal (False Christ) and said: ‘Shall I not tell you of that which I fear more for you than Dajjal?’ We said: “YES. HE SAID HIDDEN POLYTHEISM, WHEN A MAN STANDS TO PRAY AND MAKES IT LOOK GOOD BECAUSE HE SEES A MAN LOOKING AT HIM” [Ref: Ibn Majah, Vol.1 B37, H4204]
This hadith is declared "Good" in Salafi version of Dar us Salam publication.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) feared "SHIRK AL-KHAFI (HIDDEN/MINOR SHIRK)" more than he feared Dajjal and this is a proof that Prophet (Peace be upon him) did not fear of Shirk al-Akbar (MAJOR SHIRK) to become prevalent in Majority of Ummah.
By Brother Aamir Ibrahim
(Edited by ADHM)


Trinity Tawhid

Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyya, Al-Uloohiyy and Al-Asmaa Wa Al-Sifaat.

This division is not found in the Qur’an or in the teaching of the Prophet (s) nor was it reported from the three blessed generations (the Companions, the Followers and the Successors).
Neither was it reported from any of the great Imams such as Abu Hanifa, Malik, Al-Shafi’i, Ahmad bin Hanbal (ra) or their peers.
It was first introduced during the eighth century hijri by Ibn Taymiyya.

It was also adapted by his student Ibn Al-Qayyim but the rest of the scholars of the Ummah did not accept it and consequently the idea rightfully died out until the coming of M. bin Abdul Wahhab Najdi in the twelfth century. He resuscitated the ideas of Ibn Taymiyya and started to spread and impose them on the Muslims by force.  Among the innovations (bid’aat) that he spread was the trinity of tawheed.

The Dispute:
Reconciliation between Shia, Sunni, and Salafi

To read introduction PDF down load click : Here
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By Aamir Ibrahim

(Edited by ADHM)