Thursday, 25 February 2016

Sharh al-Sunna

The False Attribution of Sharh al-Sunna to the Hanbali Outlaw Al-Barbahari

Among the false attributions being promoted in our time is the book entitled:

Sharh al-Sunna

Chainlessly attributed by Ibn Abi Ya`la (d. 526) in his Tabaqat al-Hanabila to the Hanbali outlaw and anthropomorphist Abu Muhammad al-Barbahari (253-329), which in reality reaches us through a unique sixth-century Zahiriyya manuscript with an unambiguous, explicit chain back to the ultra-Hanbali Sufi forger Ghulam al-Khalil (d. 275) as his own work – and thus catalogued by Fuat Sezgin in his  “Tarikh al-Turath al-`Arabi” – without any mention of al-Barbahari whatsoever.

This is acknowledged in all its numerous, mutually censorious prints from 1408H to 1426H
(three editions by Muhammad ibn Sa`id al-Qahtani, then three editions by Khalid al-Raddadi, then another edition by `Abd al-Rahman al-Jumayzi), each criticizing the previous although they all find excuses why authorship should be attributed to al-Barbahari – mostly on the basis of Ibn Abi Ya`la’s unsourced claim and his imitators the later Hanbalis

Ibn Taymiyya,
Ibn `Abd al-Hadi,
Ibn Muflih,
Ibn `Imad and al-Dhahabi.

One editor even claims that “al-Barbahari‘s biographers all mention he wrote a “Sharh al-Sunna” while none of Ghulam al-Khalil does.”

 In fact, Qawwam al-Sunna al-Taymi (d. 535) in “al-Hujja fi Bayan al- Mahajja wa-Sharh `Aqidat Ahl al-Sunna” (2:473-475) explicitly cites the latter in his list of

“those shaykhs of the Salaf and the Khalaf upon whom is the reliance on the chapters of religious doctrine, who are our leaders in practicing the Sunna and who have publicized their belief… and I shall mention a group of our Imams among the Salaf who have composed books in those meanings… among them, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ghalib, known as Ghulam al-Khalil the companion of Ahmad ibn Hanbal

– and he omits any mention of al-Barbahari despite the length of his list.

Note: The Hanbali Abu `Abd Allah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ghalib al- Bahili nicknamed Ghulam al-Khalil was al-La’laka’i’s teacher and a major Baghdad Sufi who reputedly ate only beans.
When he died, the souks of Baghdad closed down, his bier was carried to al-Basra where he was buried and the Hanbalis built a dome over his grave; but he fabricated hadiths of his own admission, forging no less than four hundred (400) of them according to Abu Dawud who called him “Baghdad’s dajjal” and refused to pray over him as mentioned in the books of the Du`afa.

Sharh as-Sunnah By Imam al-Barbahari, English translation
[b#4425, 5d2, HB 2 Vols 818pp With Commentary By Salih Al-Fawzan, Dar Makkah Int, English: Abdus-Sam]
A Gift to the Reader in Annotation of
Sharh as-Sunnah : The Explanation of The Sunnah

By Imam Abu Muhammad al-Hasan bin Ali bin Khalaf al-Barbahari
With Commementary By Shaykh, Dr. Saalih bin-Fawzan bin Abdullah al-Fawzan (Member of the Council of Senior Scholars Saudi Arabia)
[2 Volumes 480 + 338 Pages]
Translator : Abdus-Sami Abdus salam
Revised By Abu Asma Abdul Hakim Harun
Final Review and Edited By Abu Nasir Ibrahim Abdur Rauf
Publisher: Dar Makkah International (2012)

This book is so important to the Wahhabiyyah “Salafis” that they have Audio & Written commentaries on it:
-Salih Al-Fawzan (audio)
-Omar Al-Harkan (audio)
-Ahmad Abdas Salam (audio)
-Omar bin Sa'ud (audio)
-Abdul Aziz Ar-Rajihi (audio)
-Fahd bin Sulayman (audio)
-Abdul Aziz Ar-Rayes (audio)
-Falah Isma'il Mndakar (audio)
-Ahmad An-Najmee (written - Irshad As-Sari commentary)
-Ali Al-Halabee (written commentary)
-Salih As-Suhaymee (audio)

Note: That the Imams of Ar-Rijal all call Ghulam Khalil a liar, fabricator!

Al-Hakim An-Naysaburi says of him:
روى عن جماعة من الثقات أحاديث موضوعة
"He narrarated fabricated hadith from a group of trustworthy transmitters"
Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar (ra) says of Ghulam Khalil the following (Lisan Al-Mizan):
قال ابن عدي سمعت أبا عبد الله النهاوندي يقول قلت لغلام خليل: ما هذه الرقائق التي تحدث بها؟ قال وضعناها لنرقق بها قلوب العامة
"Ibn Uday said: I heard Aba Abdallah An-Nahawandi say: I said to Ghulam Khalil 'what are these heart softening hadiths that you are narrating?' he replied: 'we've fabricated them to soften the hearts of the laymen'.
Al-Hafidh also says:

قال أبو داود أخشى أن يكون دجال بغداد
وقال الدارقطني متروك
سمعت الشيخ أبا بكر بن إسحاق يقول: أحمد بن محمد بن غالب ممن لا أشك في كذبه
قال أبو داود قد عرض علي من حديثه فنظرت في أربعمائة حديث أسانيدها ومتونها كذب كلها

"Hafidh Abu Dawud said about Ghulam Khalil: 'I suspect he is the Dajjal of Baghdad"
"Ad-Daraqutni said about him: 'Matruk' (meaning his hadith is not accepted)"
"I heard Abu Bakr bin Ishaq say: "Ahmad bin Mohammed bin Ghalib (
Ghulam Khalil) is a liar without any doubt"
"Abu Dawud said: 'his hadith was shown to me, and I saw of them only 400, and ALL of their isnads and texts were lies"


The book Sharh As-Sunnah, which is considered a book of much value to the Salafis, was not authored by Barbahari, rather it was authored by a fabricator of Hadith named Ghulam Khalil. 

(Edited by ADHM)

Friday, 12 February 2016

The Lying Dajjal from Najd - Part-2

The Original Najdi Wahhabi movement was more Extreme in Bloodshed & Takfir than ISIS!-Part-1

(Also Originally Posted Here and Here By brother Abu Sulayman)

Part 2- Further responses to the blind followers of Wahhabi -“Salafi” Cult


continuation from : Part-1

Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1206 AH) accuses the people of al-Ahsa` of worshipping idols:

While addressing someone who is from al-Ahsa`, he tells him that idols are worshipped in his land (which is again a clear-cut lie!):

وقد بلغني أنكم في هذا الأمر قمتم وقعدتم، فإن كنتم تزعمون أن هذا إنكار للمنكر، فيا ليت قيامكم كان في عظائم في بلدكم تضاد أصلي الإسلام: شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمداً رسول الله! منها، وهو أعظمها:عبادة الأصنام عندكم من بشر وحجر

al-Rasa`il al-Shakhsiyyah

His blind followers attacked al-Ahsa` (which by the way is Ottoman land!), slaughtered its people, destroyed their property and stole whatever they could take several times during his lifetime and also after him. So let's see what they did in one of these attacks:

Terrorizing and mass-slaugtering the people of al-Ahsa`

Ibn Bishr (d. 1288 AH) said while speaking about the incidents of the year 1210 AH:

فلما كان قبل طلوع الشمس ثور المسلمون بنادقهم دفعة واحدة , فأرجفت الأرض وأظلمت السماء , وثار عج الدخان في الجو , وأسقط كثير من الحوامل في الأحساء , ثم نزل سعود في الرقيقة المذكورة , فسلم له , وظهر له جميع أهل الأحساء على إحسانه وإساءته , وأمرهم بالخروج فخرجوا , فأقام في ذلك المنزل مدّة أشهر يقتل من أراد قتله ويجلي من أراد جلاءه ، ويحبس من أراد حبسه ، ويأخذ من الأموال ، ويهدم من المحال ، ويبني ثغوراً ، ويهدم دوراً ، وضرب عليهم ألوفاً من الدراهم وقبضها منهم ... وأكثر سعود فيهم القتل ... فهذا مقتول في البلد ، وهذا يخرجونه إلى الخيام ، ويضرب عنقه عند خيمة سعود ، حتى أفناهم إلا قليلا ، وحاز سعود من الأموال في تلك الغزوة ما لا يعد ولا يحصى 

"Then before the sunrise the Muslims (read: the Wahhabis) shot with their rifles [all at] once, so that the earth trembled, and the heaven became dark, and smoke rose into the sky and many of the pregnant women (!!!) in al-Ahsa` had a miscarriage (due to extreme fear).
Then Sa'ud settled in the [earlier] mentioned al-Raqiqah, so it was given to him. All of the people of al-Ahsa` [then] appeared in front of him in kindness and badness. He commanded them to leave so they left. 
He stayed there for [several] months [while] kiling whomever he wanted to kill, and exiling whomever he wanted to exile, and imprisoning whomever he wanted to imprison, and taking from the wealth, and destroying places, and building strongholds, and destroying houses and wanting thousands of Dirhams from them and taking it from them... 
And Sa'ud killed many of them...
So this one [lies] killed in the land and that one is taken out to the tents and his neck is struck off near the tent of Sa'ud until he annhalited [all of] them except very few. 

Sa'ud came into possesion of [much] wealth in this attack (Ghazwah) which can not be counted or numbered."

'Unwan al-Majd 1/216-217

(Remember: Sa'ud I. bin 'Abd al-'Aziz [bin Muhammad bin Sa'ud] (d. 1229 AH) later on (i.e. 1218 AH) became the third ruler of the first Saudi state and was 
a direct student of Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab.)

 Abu Sulayman's response to wahhabi:

It would be better for you to get out of this cultist mentality and start investigating and learning before admirding such an evil movement.

Imam Ibn 'Abidin lived from 1198 AH till 1252 AH. The first Saudi state existed from 1157 AH until 1234 AH. 
The Wahhabiyyah attacked al-Sham al-sharif (and Imam Ibn 'Abidin was from Sham!) in the year 1225 AH. 

And Imam Ibn 'Abidin was not alone in his rejection of the Wahhabi movement: Literally ALL scholars from the 4 Madhahib of the whole region were against the Najdi Shayatin. Imam al-Sawi (d. 1241 AH) even referred to them as Hizb al-Shaytan!

What I really don't get is what these "Salafi" Mashayikh have done to your brains that you people are ready to defend this movement blindly and no matter what one tells you. 
I mean you had opened a thread just two days before I opened this thread here, where you were asking regarding the first Saudi state and about why they fought against the Ottomans. And now suddenly you're trying to make statements about what happened back then!?

Najd was under the indirect control of the Ottomans, but this point is not even important. The "Salafi" Mashayikh of today are only mentioning this in order to distract their followers from some very important informations: 

The Wahhabiyyah were SLAUGHTERING Muslims in huge numbers and taking their wealth and destroying their property not just in Najd, but also in all areas around it.

It is established with absolute certainity that they attacked al-Ahsa`, al-'Iraq, al-Sham, al-Hijaz (including the Haramayn al-Sharifayn!), al-Yaman and other areas. All of that is Ottoman land.
Just read what the Wahhabi historian Ibn Bishr (d. 1288 AH) reported. He has mentioned all of these attacks.

And if you want to claim that only the followers of Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1206 AH) were crazy and that they had misunderstood him, then let me tell you that he was the Mufti of the first Saudi state (and after him his sons!). 

And not just that! He openly commanded his followers to attack other Muslims and he even prepared the fighters and sent out the Saraya [to kill the believers of the Arabian peninsula]. You don't believe me? Should I qoute what Ibn Bishr said?

If you look at the post where one of their attacks against al-Ahsa` (which is Ottoman land!) has been mentioned, you'll see that I also mentioned that they had attacked it several times DURING the lifetime of Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab and after him. 
All of this is reported by Ibn Bishr, but what should do we with a people who are refusing to read? 

Do you know what Allah ta'ala said regarding the one who kills a believer?:

وَمَن يَقْتُلْ مُؤْمِناً مُّتَعَمِّداً فَجَزَآؤُهُ جَهَنَّمُ خَٰلِداً فِيهَا وَغَضِبَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَعَنَهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُ عَذَاباً عَظِيماً }
Whoso slayeth a believer of set purpose, his reward is hell for ever. Allah is wroth against him and He hath cursed him and prepared for him an awful doom. } [4:93]

So what about slaughtering thousands of Muslims on the Arabian peninsula?

Libyan said I don't know much about the original poster's beliefs. But in terms of what he's stated he seems like he's winning the argument. Everyone is crowding against him but no one is answering his points.

The Wahhabiyyah attack a market near al-Basrah, kill the people there and let those who flee from them drown in the water

The known Wahhabi historian Ibn Bishr (d. 1288 AH) said regarding the events of the year 1212 AH:
وفيها في رمضان سار سعود رحمه المعبود , بالجنود المنصورة والخيل العتاق المشهورة , من جميع نواحي نجد وعربانها وقصد الشمال , وأغار على سوق الشيوخ المعروف عند البصرة , وقتل منهم قتلى كثيرة , وهرب أناس وغرقوا في الشط 

"And in [that year] in [the month of] Ramadhan (!) Sa'ud [I. bin 'Abd al-'Aziz] - may the worshipped One have mercy upon him - set out with the victorious armies and the famous horses, from all of the areas of Najd and its [bedouin] Arabs and intended the North (i.e. 'Iraq). He attacked the known al-Shuyukh market near al-Basrah and killed many of them. The people fled and drowned in the river."

'Unwan al-Majd 1/240

So here we see that the Wahhabiyyah attacked a random market of a Muslim town without any reason whatsoever and killed whoever was on that market. And as if that is not enough: They ran after the poeple who tried to flee from them, so that the people had to throw themselves into the river. Then these evil criminals waited until the people drowned in the water!
And they did all of this in the month of Ramadhan!!!

Know that doing this is not even allowed against disbelievers, so what about doing this against Muslims? 
(Our religion makes a distinction between fiqhters and non-fighers and the Jumhur of the classical scholars have mentioned that the reason for fighting is Muqatalah (fighting) and not Kufr (disbelief).)


Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1206 AH):The lying Dajjal from Najd

He said:

ومعلوم: أن أهل أرضنا، وأرض الحجاز، الذي ينكر البعث منهم أكثر ممن يقر به، والذي يعرف الدين أقل ممن لا يعرفه

"It's known regarding the people of our land (i.e. Najd) and the land of al-Hijaz, that those among them who reject the resurrection [after death] are more than those who accept it and that those [among them] who know the religion are less than those who do not..."

al-Durar al-Saniyyah 10/43

This is such a shameless lie from him and whoever believes his claim must have lost his mind.

Just imagine: He accuses the majority of the people of Hijaz - which by the way was full of scholars [of the Ahl al-Sunnah] at that time - and the people of his land of the rejection of the resurrection after death.
I mean even in our time, when ignorance regarding the religion is becoming widespread (and "Salafism" is one of the forms of this ignorance), we do not see anywhere people from the Ahl al-Qiblah rejecting the resurrection!

So how for God's sake can one trust this person after knowing this? How can one trust a person, who lies and deceives?!

And if you ask why he was lying like that, then the answer is: He was doing this so that his blind followers can attack al-Hijaz (and they attacked it more than once!). 

And know that lying is something that some of his followers do until today:

So you'll see them accusing other Muslims of things that they have never done nor would ever do! Or they will interpret an action that may be even allowed in the divine law in the worst possible manner, so that they can accuse their opponent of disbelief and polytheism and this and that.

And what is also widespread among their Mashayikh is to deceive their followers and give them false informations regarding events of the past, other Muslims, etc. (And this unites them with the Mashayikh of the Rafidhah!)

 Abu Sulayman said:

Salamun 'alaykum,

I would like to remind the brothers here that this thread is not about the divine attributes, but rather about the unjustified Takfir and bloodshed of the original Wahhabi movement.

As for the issue of the divine attributes, then I would like to say the following:

The classical scholars have mentioned that the Ayat [and Ahadith] concerning the divine attributes are from among the Mutashabihat (unclear/ambiguous verses). That which is obligatory regarding these Ayat [and Ahadith] is to believe in them and that's it. Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala has not obliged us to know their exact interpretation. The Madhhab of the Salaf al-salih regarding them is to believe in them and to relegate the knowledge of their exact interpretation to Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala while being sure that there is nothing unto like Him. 

In the last comments some people have tried to act as if the exact interpretation of these Ayat and Ahadith is known and claimed that Yad definetly means a literal hand when it's used concerning Allah ta'ala. 
It is said to these people: 
The Qur`an was revealed in Arabic and not in English and therefore the English word hand can nowhere be found in the Qur`an. The majority of the scholars did not allow to translate Yad into other languages when it's used concerning Allah ta'ala. The minorty view is that it's allowed, but only if it's not meant as a limb. 
As for your addition of the word literal or real, then this is Bid'ah (innovation). It would have been better for you to stick to the words of Allah ta'ala and not to add anything to it from yourself.
The interpretation that you've mentioned is definetly not meant, because it goes against Ayat which are Muhkam. When Yad is taken literally it means Jarihah (limb) (look it up in an Arabic dictionary) and to ascribe a limb to Allah ta'ala is Kufr (disbelief). 
If you say "but we do not intend a limb nor do we intend anything with a form and dimensions", then it is said: In that case you shouldn't say a literal hand. The reason why you're using this word is out of Taqlid of the "Salafi" Mashayikh (Taqlid is not allowed in 'Aqidah!) and these "Salafi" Mashayikh do actually intend limbs (Jawarih) or parts (Ajza`/Ab'adh) when they say that "Allah has two real hands" (even thoug they do not use the expression). 
Go and look what Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) said (look for example into his Bayan Talbis al-Jahmiyyah) said (and I'm mentioning him, because "Salafis" love to make Taqlid of all his mistakes) and you'll see that he makes a differentiation between accepting Yad, Wajh, etc. as Ma'ani (which is the Madhhab of a group of scholars from among the Ahl al-Sunnah) and between accepting it as A'yan (which is the Madhhab of Mujassimah (and he is from among them)).

If you don't unterstand the difference between accepting the Sifat as Ma'ani (معاني) and accepting them as A'yan (أعيان) (and the difference is very huge!), then I would seriously advise you to stop discussing this issue, because it's not allowed to speak about Allah ta'ala without knowledge.

And now I would like everyone to come back to the real topic. If you want to keep on discussing about the divine attributes, then please do so in another thread (but only if you know what you're saying).

abufulaans said:
The reason they didn't say take the zahir is because it was simple and no one at the time understood it wrong, later however people deviated thus the need for the term zahir was introduced by the scholars,

Even the term Dhahir can be meant differently in this context.
But let me ask you a question since you're acting as is if the meaning is sooo clear: What is the meaning of Yad or Wajh when it's used for Allah ta'ala? (I don't want to hear a translation. Just imagine you're speaking to someone who only understands Arabic.)

Abu 'Abdullaah said:
You can't start a 'Wahhabi thread' and not expect any and every Wahhabi issue to be brought up. Even IS has had a million threads so I'm not sure that you've mentioned anything new here.

Did you read my previous comments in this thread? If yes: Do you regard the people of Makkah as polytheists? Do you believe that the one who doesn't make Takfir upon them is a disbeliever? Do you regard the ottoman state as polytheists? Do you believe that it's okay to make an embargo against the people of Makkah al-mukarramah and Madinah al-Munawwarah? Do you believe that killing Muslims throughtout the whole Arabian peninsula and areas around it is right and okay?

Abu 'Abdullaah  said: No, I done a tl;dr.

Okay, alhamdulillah. Then what do you say about the one who says the following? (I've already qouted this statement HERE):

الأمر الثاني: الكفر بما يعبد من دون الله، والمراد بذلك تكفير المشركين، والبراءة منهم، ومما يعبدون مع الله. فمن لم يكفر المشركين من الدولة التركية، وعباد القبور، كأهل مكة وغيرهم، ممن عبد الصالحين، وعدل عن توحيد الله إلى الشرك، وبدّل سنّة رسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم بالبدع، فهو كافر مثلهم، وإن كان يكره دينهم، ويبغضهم، ويحب الإسلام والمسلمين ; فإن الذي لا يكفر المشركين، غير مصدق بالقرآن، فإن القرآن قد كفر المشركين، وأمر بتكفيرهم، وعداوتهم وقتالهم

"The second issue: To disbelieve in that which is worshipped instead of Allah, and this means to make Takfir (declare as disbelievers) upon the polytheists (Mushrikin) and the disavowal from them and that which they worship alongside Allah.
So whoever does not make Takfir upon the polytheists of the turkish state (i.e. the Ottomans!) and the grave-worshippers like the people of Makkah (!!!) and [upon] others from those who worship the righteous (Salihin) and left the Tawhid (monotheism) of Allah for Shirk (polytheism) and exchanged the Sunnah of his Messenger - sallalalhu 'alayhi wa sallam - with innovations, then he is a disbeliever like them even if dislikes their religion und hates them and loves Islam and its people.
This is so because the one who does not declare the polytheists to be disbelievers has not accepted the Qur`an. The Qur`an declares the polytheists as disbelievers, and commands to declare them as such and to show enmity towards them and to fight them."

Source: al-Durar al-Saniyya 9/291

Is it okay to regard the people who said this and who made an embargo against Makkah al-mukarramah and Madinah al-munawwarah (it happened in 1220 AH) as criminal Khawarij?
Or let me ask in a different way: What is the ruling concerning the people who made the above statement? And what is the ruling of the one who tries to turn the people who made such kind of statements as absolute authorities regarding the religion of Allah?

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
If shirk is proven then I don't believe they can be regarded as 'Khawarij'.

I thought that you regard the people of Makkah as Muslims? Or are you trying to tell me that the people of Makkah and the whole Arabian peninsula were upon Shirk akbar during the time of the first Saudi state? 

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
Rather, declaring takfeer on polytheists and grave worshippers is quite normal.

Upon polytheists: Yes. (But this would not make it allowed to kill them, because the reason for fighting is Muqatalah according to the Jumhur of the Fuqaha`.)
As for the "grave worshippers": What do you intend by that? Let's say a person visits the grave of Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and asks him to pray for the forgiveness of his sins. Has he committed Shirk akbar? If you say
 yes: According to which logic and according to which Shari'ah?

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
I don't know anyone who regards 'them' as absolute authorities so...

I know such people. They will obviously not admit this with their tongues, but they will blindly accept whatever Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1206 AH) and his so called "students" said.


 ZeeshanParvez View Post
Are you seriously trying to blame this all on him and are unaware of the history which has existed between the Ash'aris and Hanbalis since long before.

I'm aware that Asha'irah and Hanabilah usually weren't really good friends, but I hope you're also aware of the fact that the Hanabilah were not a monolithic group and had different beliefs. 
And by the way: Just because a Hanbali scholar disagrees regarding specific detailed issues with the Asha'irah it does not mean that he is upon the same belief as that of Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH).
 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
As for that specific example then I believe it is haram but whether it falls under shirk akbar then Allahu 'alam. I do find find it problematic and it may possibly be shirk but I would have to refer it someone more knowledgeable.

Okay. Who is the "more knowledgable person" that you want to refer to? Would you accept the ruling that the Jumhur of the Fuqaha` of the 4 Madhahib mentioned?

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
Any of the imams at the masajid I go to first and foremost.

Let's just for the sake of argument say that he tells you that it's "Shirk akbar" (as an aditional information: according to Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1206 AH) it's among the issues that nullifies one's Islam!) and tells you that such people are apostates. Would you accept such a ruling even though the Fuqaha` have said otherwise? 
(Go and read the chapter regarding the Manasik of Hajj in some known Fiqh books of the 4 Madhahib and read the passage where the visitation of the grave of Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - is mentioned and see for yourself what the Fuqaha` recommended one to do.)

 Originally Posted by ZeeshanParvez View Post
Nopes I am not. With the exception of Ibn Jawzi I do not know too many others. Guess I have to study harder.

Imam Ibn al-Jawzi (d. 596 AH) supported Tafwidh and Ta`wil, while most Hanabilah were Mufawwidhah (which is good) and many of them were quite strictly against Ta`wil. Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) was not just against Ta`wil, but even against Tafwidh and called it as "one of the worst statements of the people of innovation and atheism". The ironic thing here is that relegating the knowledge of the exact interpretation of the knowledge regarding the Ayat of the Sifat to Allah ta'ala (i.e. Tafwidh) is the Madhhab of the [majority of the] Salaf al-salih not just according to the Asha'irah, but also according to the Hanabilah! 
Salih bin 'Abd al-'Aziz Al al-Shaykh, one of the Mashayikh of the "Salafis", even admitted in his
 Sharh al-'Aqidah al-Wasitiyyah that most of the Hanbali Mashayikh of Ibn Taymiyyah were from among the people of Tafwidh.

Ibn Taymiyyah believed that Allah ta'ala is subject to changes, while many Hanabilah (even some of the Mushabbihah from among them!) were against this false belief.
Ibn Taymiyyah also believed that Allah ta'ala has Sifat 'Ayniyyah (i.e. that which we call as limbs or parts), while many Hanabilah believed that Allah ta'ala is Exalted above being a body or having parts/limbs, etc and would only affirm Sifat as Ma'ani.
Ibn Taymiyah believed that there is no first creation, but acknowledged that every individual creation has a beginning (this is a modified version of the statement of the Falasifah, who said that the universe is eternal). I do not know of any Hanbali scholar who held such a false position before him.

There are more such kind of examples, but the above should be enough.

 Originally Posted by Abu Kamel View Post
Are you saying the 4 madhahib advocate while at his grave praying to the Prophet(s)  for him to seek Allah's forgiveness for us?

I did not say praying, but rather asking. Praying is connected with the belief of divinity/lordship of the one from whom one asks, while asking is simply asking.
And yes the scholars of the 4 Madhahib did not see anything wrong with seeking intercession with the best of creation - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - unto one's Lord, because there is nothing wrong in doing that.
If it was allowed to ask our beloved Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - during his lifetime for his intercession and if it's allowed to do so on the day of judgement (refer toSahih al-Bukhari), then why should it be wrong to do so in the time between? And I'll repeat my question from a previous post: According to which Shari'ah and which logic is it Shirk to ask the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - to supplicate for one?

This a quote from the Hanafi Faqih 'Abdullah bin Mahmud bin Mawdud al-Mawsili (d. 683 AH) [in the context of the Ziyarah]:

وقد قال الله تعالى : ( ولو أنهم إذ ظلموا أنفسهم جاءوك فاستغفروا الله واستغفر لهم الرسول لوجدوا اللهتوابا رحيما ) وقد جئناك ظالمين لأنفسنا ، مستغفرين لذنوبنا ، فاشفع لنا إلى ربك ، وأسأله أن يميتناعلىسنتك ، وأن يحشرنا في زمرتك ، وأن يوردنا حوضك ، وأن يسقينا كأسك غير خزايا ولا نادمين، الشفاعة الشفاعة يا رسول الله ، يقولها ثلاثا : ( ربنا اغفر لنا ولإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان )الآية .ويبلغه سلام من أوصاه فيقول : السلام عليك يا رسول الله من فلان بن فلان ، يستشفع بك إلىربك فاشفع له ولجميع المسلمين

“Allah ta’ala says: {
 If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and asked Allah’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-returning, Most Merciful } [4:64].
So we’ve come to you, having wronged ourselves and asking [Allah] for forgiveness regarding our sins,
 so intercede for us to your Lord and ask Him that He lets us die upon your Sunnah, and that He gathers us [on the day of reckoning] among your group, and allows us to get to your Hawdh and drink from your bowl without disgrace or regret.
Intercession intercession, o Messenger of Allah (al-Shafa'ah al-Shafa'ah, ya Rasulallah)
 – he (the visitor) should say this thrice -, { “Our Lord, forgive us and those of our brothers who preceded us in faith” } [59:10] [till the end of] the Ayah.
[Then] he should deliver the greeting of those who have told him to do so by saying: ‘Peace be upon you, o Messenger of Allah, from Fulan bin Fulan,
 he seeks intercession through you unto your Lord, so intercede for him and for all believers‘.”
 al-Ikhtiyar li Ta’lil al-Mukhtar

And you will find the recommendation of seeking intercession through the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - during the visitation of his blessed grave in most major Fiqh books of the 4 Madhahib.

 Originally Posted by Mohamed Mifxal View Post
look at all these shameless Mohammed Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (ra) Haters, the more you hate, the more he'll be uplifted in the sight of Allah.

I don't think that one will be uplifted for trying to replace real Tawhid with a fake version of Tawhid. And I also don't think that calling for the mass-slaughter of other Muslims is something good. 

 Originally Posted by Mohamed Mifxal View Post
He declared kaafir on kaafir

According to the original Najdi movement most of you people who are blindly defending them would also be not from among the people of Islam. If you really want to be regarded as Muslims according to the standards of the original Wahhabi movement you'll need to make Takfir upon the Ottomans, the people of Makkah, your own parents (yes this crazyness is indeed mentioned in al-Durar al-Saniyyah!!!) and many many other Muslims. 

 Originally Posted by Mohamed Mifxal View Post
lthey were not merely visiting graves, but asking for blessings and stuff, This is by default shirk.

So seeking blessings by touching the Hajar al-aswad is okay and seeking blessings by drinking from the Zamzam water is also okay, but the moment one seeks blessings through the Master of the first and the last - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - one becomes a Mushrik? Do you actually realize that what you're saying?


 Originally Posted by Mohamed Mifxal View Post
ok, enough of your trolling

Weird reply. But hey, you're the same person who regards 'Ulama` like Imam Ibn 'Abidin (d. 1252 AH) and Imam al-Sawi (d. 1241 AH) and basically all the scholars that lived in the time of the first and second Saudi state as shameless people. Now you can ask yourself who is shameless in reality.

 Originally Posted by Bilal el View Post
Your seeking blessing from the almighty not from the rock

I don't get it why you people always take the words of your opponents to the worst possible meaning. Why so much Su` al-Dhann towards others Muslims?
The blessing and help obviously comes from Allah ta'ala, but how did you attain it? It may happen by touching the Hajar al-aswad or drinking from the Zamzam water OR through mentioning the name of Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - [or other ways].

What you need to understand is that Allah ta'ala has created Asbab (means) and there is nothing wrong with taking these means and that the real help always comes from Allah ta'ala alone, because He is the One who creates and brings forth without any partners.

 Originally Posted by Bilal el View Post
And if your parent are engaged in mushrikeen acts and u recanise it the call a spade a spade it shirik

And what if they have never committed Shirk? 

 Originally Posted by Abu Kamel View Post
Sheikh `Abd al-Rahmân al-Barrâk said

He is a follower of Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) and it's already known that Ibn Taymiyyah and his followers are against seeking intercession through the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam -, but the Jumhur of the scholars were not against it. This is an established fact that you need to acknowledge.


 Originally Posted by ZeeshanParvez View Post
I think he is referring to what the likes of Al-Nawawi, Al-Qurtubi, etc. have drawn evidence from, namely حديث العتبي

The Athar of al-'Utbi has been often mentioned by the scholars either in the context of recommending to do the same as described in the Athar (i.e. Tashaffu') during the visitation of the grave of our beloved Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - or regarding the Tafsir of 4:64. It should however be noted that the scholars did not use it as an independent evidence.

As for the evidence for the permissibility of seeking intercession through the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam:
The Ayah 4:64 is a evidence for it and the scholars regarded is as general in meaning. (Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) disagreed with that, but who cares?)
Then there is the Athar of Malik al-Dar, where a man (who is identified as the Sahabi Bilal bin al-Harith - radhiallahu 'anhu - in another narration) went to the grave of Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and asked him to pray for rain for his Ummah. (If any "Salafi" wants to claim that it's not authentic, then my answer simply is: The classical scholars of Hadith have authenticated it, so who exactly are you people?)
Then there is the Hadith of the blind man (which is authentic) where Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - teached a supplication which contained doing Tawassul with him. Almost the same expression was also teached by 'Uthman bin Hunayf - radhiallahu 'anhu - after the death of Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and this is reported in the the Hadith of the man in need (which is again authentic according to the scholars of Hadith).
There are more things, which one could mention int his context.

What is also interesting is the incident which has been mentioned by Maliki scholars (like al-Qadhi 'Iyadh (d. 544 AH)) where the 'Abbasi Khalifah Abu Ja'far al-Mansur (d. 158 AH) asked Imam Malik (d. 179 AH) a question and in the reply Imam Malik recommended Istishfa' with the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and mentioned the Ayah 4:64.
(Ibn Taymiyyah was the first person to doubt the authencity of the incident... as usual!)

To make it short: We have texts which show its permissibility, while our opponents have not even a single text where it has been forbidden. The scholars did not see anything wrong in doing it until Ibn Taymiyyah came up and tried to turn it into a big issue. No one from the scholars of his time agreed with him regarding this issue with the exception of some of his own students.

 Originally Posted by ZeeshanParvez View Post
Of course, the authenticity of the Hadith all of them use does not seem to reach the level of being used for evidence.

The people who have a right to speak regarding the authencity of Ahadith are the scholars of Hadith and the people who have the right to speak about rulings are the scholars of Fiqh. Every science should be left to its people.
And: Putting Ibn Taymiyyah's weird opinions above that of all other scholars is not really a good idea.


 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
Just looking for the wording at the moment.

Brother, a wording that one could use has already been mentioned:

 Originally Posted by Abu Sulayman View Post
This a quote from the Hanafi Faqih 'Abdullah bin Mahmud bin Mawdud al-Mawsili (d. 683 AH) [which he said in the context of the Ziyarah]: 

وقد قال الله تعالى : ( ولو أنهم إذ ظلموا أنفسهم جاءوك فاستغفروا الله واستغفر لهم الرسول لوجدوا اللهتوابا رحيما ) وقد جئناك ظالمين لأنفسنا ، مستغفرين لذنوبنا ، فاشفع لنا إلى ربك ، وأسألهأن يميتناعلى سنتك ، وأن يحشرنا في زمرتك ، وأن يوردنا حوضك ، وأن يسقينا كأسك غير خزايا ولا نادمين، الشفاعة الشفاعة يا رسول الله ، يقولها ثلاثا : ( ربنا اغفر لنا ولإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان )الآية .ويبلغه سلام من أوصاه فيقول : السلام عليك يا رسول الله من فلان بن فلان ، يستشفع بك إلىربك فاشفع له ولجميع المسلمين

“Allah ta’ala says: {
 If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and asked Allah’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-returning, Most Merciful } [4:64].
So we’ve come to you, having wronged ourselves and asking [Allah] for forgiveness regarding our sins,
 so intercede for us to your Lord and ask Him that He lets us die upon your Sunnah, and that He gathers us [on the day of reckoning] among your group, and allows us to get to your Hawdh and drink from your bowl without disgrace or regret.
Intercession intercession, o Messenger of Allah (al-Shafa'ah al-Shafa'ah, ya Rasulallah)
 – he (the visitor) should say this thrice -, { “Our Lord, forgive us and those of our brothers who preceded us in faith” } [59:10] [till the end of] the Ayah.
[Then] he should deliver the greeting of those who have told him to do so by saying: ‘Peace be upon you, o Messenger of Allah, from Fulan bin Fulan,
 he seeks intercession through you unto your Lord, so intercede for him and for all believers‘.”

 al-Ikhtiyar li Ta’lil al-Mukhtar


 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
OK, so sticking with this specific example of asking rasoolullah (s) at his grave only, what do you say is the 'status' of this method when compared to making dua to Allah directly? In other words, is it the same or do you consider it better?

This is a wrong question, because one will make Du'a` to Allah ta'ala anyways. And if Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - also makes Du'a` for you, is this a bad thing?


 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
The question is perfectly valid. 
If I ask someone to make dua, then it's a request to that person. It doesn't mean I automatically made dua to Allah too by asking them to make dua for me.

Hmm, so someone will enter the Masjid al-Nabawi and stand in front of the blessed grave of Rasulullah - sallalahu 'alayhi wa sallam - greeting him and asking him to supplicate for the forgiveness of one's sins, while not having made a sinlge Du'a` himself? Does this sound normal to you, brother? 
I mean we're speaking about Muslims and not atheists. Every Muslim makes Du'a` for the forgiveness of sins and for protection in the Dunya and the Akhirah and so on.


Let me also give an example:
Let's say someone has an illness and he has prayed for Shifa`. Is it not allowed for him to take medicine? Yes, of course. Because the medicine is a Sabab (mean) from among the Asbab that Allah ta'ala has created to get his Shifa`. 
Is the same person now allowed to ask a righteous person whom he knows to pray for his Shifa`? The answer is again yes.

If that is understood, then one should also understand that seeking aid with any creation should only be meant metaphorically, because the creation can only help by the way of being a mean (Sabab) and by the way of acquisition (Kasb), while the real help is expected from Allah ta'ala alone without any partners.


ZeeshanParvez View Post
So what exactly was Ibn Battaal, who Ibn Hajar quotes in Fath, saying when he said:
في هذه الآية إثبات يدين لله ، وهما صفتان من صفات ذاته وليستا بجارحتين خلافا للمشبهة من المثبتة ، وللجهمية من المعطلة
In this Verse is affirmation of Two Hands belonging to Allah and both [of them] are two Sifah from the Sifaat of His Dhaat and they both are not limbs [which is] opposed to the Mushabbiha and the Jahmiyyah...[

What Imam Ibn Battal (d. 449 AH) said in the above statement is one of the 3 positions (i.e. Tafwidh, Ta`wil and Ithbat with Tanzih; in this case it's Ithbat with Tanzih) that you'll find among the scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah concerning the divine attributes.
In the qoute
 Yadayn (as a reminder: most scholars do not allow to translate such expressions into other languages if they're used for Allah ta'ala and even those who do only do so if it's clear that limbs are not meant) is affirmed as Sifat Ma'ani as opposed to affirming them as A'yan and that's why it's said in the qoute that they're Sifat and NOT limbs!

The problem however is that Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) affirms it as parts or limbs. He doesn't use these expressions in negation or affirmation, but unfortunately he does affirm its meaning. So his Madhhab is Ithbat without Tanzih.

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
Whether it sounds normal to me is irrelevant. Please answer the question which is about the 'status' of this type of dua compared to calling on Allah directly.

Your question is based upon false assumptions and that's why you won't get an answer.
And: Is it haram to take the Asbab that Allah ta'ala has created? Is it haram if a person prays for you?


 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
Please explain the false assumptions I've made.

Well it seems that you're thinking about the issue of asking the Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - to supplicate for one as praying to him. That's why you say "making du'a` directly to Allah" and that's why you're thinking about it as "what is better to do". 
But that what I mentioned are actually two different issues and NOT "praying to a creation vs. praying to the Creator".
A general question: Is it allowed to ask someone to supplicate for you?


 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
It turns out that that false assumptions are coming from your side. Now that we're cleared that up, you have no excuse left not to answer.

Okay, then please explain to me why you said "directly"? 
What's even the point of this question? 
I mean this is like asking: "If you're ill, what's better?: That you supplicate directly to Allah ta'ala or go to the doctor?".
It's not a matter of "either this or that". You make Du'a` and you can also go to the doctor. Maybe Allah will give you Shifa` on the hands of the doctor.
And likewise when it comes to your question: It's not about what is better. You make Du'a` and you're also allowed to ask someone to also make Du'a` for you. Where is the problem? Why turn it into a "either this or that"-issue?
And since this thread is about the Najdi movement: How for God's sake is it allowed to slaughter Muslims for such simple issues?

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
Making dua for yourself is better than asking someone else to make dua for you. As for the going to a doctor, you can make dua and perform istikhara. Maybe going to the doctor isn't what is best for you.
However, this is an exceptional case we're talking about. Why won't you answer the question?

Why should I answer a question that doesn't really make sense to me?

And: Could you please explain to us why the people on the day of judgement will go to different Prophets - as it's reported in
 Sahih al-Bukhari - and ask them for intercession by saying "intercede for us to your Lord"? 
No one will intercede until they go to the Master of the first and the last - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - and ask him the same. The Prophet - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - will then fall into prostration until Allah ta'ala gives him the permission to intercede.

Why do the people not just simply make Du'a` to Allah and that's it? (Well because even if one has made Du'a` it's still allowed to ask someone else to make also Du'a`.)


 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
IThis is an exceptional situation that won't even occur in this life. However, asking rasoolullah (s)  at his grave to make dua for you is perfectly normal and happens all the time according to you, correct? I don't consider it to be permissible as I've already stated and I'm asking out of curiosity. This should be an easy one for you.

You don't consider it permissable, but the scholars (with the exception of Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) and those who were influenced by him regarding this issue) do consider it permissable. And this was very very widespread in the past among the Muslims (to the degree that many of the poems where Rasulullah - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - was praised contained also statements of seeking intercession through him). Why exactly do you think that it's not just allowed but even RECOMMENDED in most major Fiqh books of the 4 Madhahib?

And I'll repeat myself: How for God's sake it it allowed to slaughter people for such simple issues? I mean you've a opinion regarding this issue and I've a opinion and that's it. At the end of the day we're both Muslims and we may simply agree to disagree. But according to the original Najdis you would be obliged to make Takfir upon me (otherwise they would regard your blood as permissable to be spilled together with mine) even if you would support many of their ideas. Go and read for yourself what they did with the people of Huraymila just because they stopped supporting their mass-slaughter of other Muslims throughout Najd.

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
You obviously can't, or don't want to answer. Not interested in any of your other rhetoric to be honest.

I've actually already answered you. For me it's not a matter of "either is or that" nor a "what is better"-issue and that why you won't see me saying "this is better or that is better".

 Originally Posted by Abu 'Abdullaah View Post
So both methods are equal according to you? Funny how you didn't just say that at the beginning and kept going off on a tangent, making false accusations, and pretending not to understand.

You still don't get it. Let's leave it at that.


Ibn 'Abd al-Hadi (d. (744 AH) was a Hanbali scholar and knowledgable regarding the science of Hadith. It should however be noted that he was a direct student of Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) and one of his fanatic followers. He was the author of the book al-Sarim al-Munki, where he tried to refute the book Shifa` al-Saqam by Imam Taqi al-din al-Subki (d. 756 AH).

The book Shifa` al-Saqam was a response to Ibn Taymiyyah's attack against the visiting of the blessed grave of Rasulullah, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam. Ibn Taymiyyah's position regarding this issue is 100 5 abnormal.

(The book of Imam al-Subki also contains a chapter regarding [the permissibility of perfoming] Tawassul, Istighathah and Tashaffu' and has been praised by scholars like Imam al-'Iraqi (d. 826 AH), Imam al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH), Imam Ibn Hajar al-Haytami (d. 974 AH) and others.)

Ibn 'Abd al-Hadi
still defended this wrong position.
That's why I don't care whatever he thinks regarding any issue where he was trying to defend the abnormal positions of his Shaykh (and this of course includes the rejection of Tashaffu'!). 

And by the way: The Athar of al-'Utbi was not used by the scholars as an independent proof, but rather only to recommend to do the same as the beduin arab in the story. As for the permissibility of performing Tawassul and Tashaffu' with the Master of first and the last - sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam -, then there are other proofs as already mentioned. 

Based upon what exactly are you people disallowing it other than
"Ibn Taymiyyah and his followers said"? 

If seeking intercession through Rasulullah -
sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam - is not allowed, then know that it should not be allowed with anyone else (but you people are allowing it with non-deceased persons), because no one among the creation has a higher rank. 

ZeeshanParvez said:
Lets get little precise here. You say Hand in English and there is one of two possibilities. Your brain visualizes a three dimensional hand. Or you say the word Hand, hear it, but no picture forms in your head. According to you Ibn Battaal used the word Yadayn in his language, as he was speaking in Arabic, and nothing was coming to his mind but when Ibn Taymiyyah was using it he was visualizing a three dimensional hand?
Brother, you wouldn't need to ask me this if you would know what Sifat 'Ayniyyah actually are?
This is the vocabulary used by Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) himself and he himself has defined what it means. (It has the same meaning as that which we call as parts (Ajza`/Ab'adh).)

I think this would need a new thread with some relevant qoutes by Ibn Taymiyyah.
Abufulaans said:
Would you like to translate the starting pages of tareekh al najd for us so we can see the type of Shirk the people were upon at that time according to the 'najdis' 
It's much more then you have mentioned

The name of the book is Tarikh Najd and not Tarikh al-Najd. You should at least know this much of Arabic before trying to make Takfir upon Muslims who lived before us and whom you've never met. 
The book was written by one of the fanatic followers of Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d. 1206 AH) and contains lies and false accusations against other Muslims. I've already brought qoutes from al-Durar al-Saniyyah, where Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab himself lied in a very clear manner by claiming that the majority of the people of Hijaz rejected the resurrection after death. Why should one believe him and his followers after knowing this?

And: Some of the things that you people call as "Shirk akbar" out of nowhere are in reality forbidden (haram), but not polytheism. And some things are only disliked (makruh) and some are even allowed. 
And: A person who has entered into the religion with certainity does not exit it except with certainity. Have the people whom you're trying to make Takfir of rejected anything that is from the necessary knowledge of the religion?

If not, then based upon what exactly are you trying to judge them as disbelievers (or even worse: apostates!)?


source: "" Forum: Here

Edited by ADHM