Wednesday, 2 December 2015

Imam al-Baghawi (d.561AH) and Ibn Kathir on Khawarij



Imam al-Baghawi (d. 516H) in his book “Sharh as-Sunnah” while commenting on the hadith about the Khawarij: 

قَوْلُهُ: «لَا يُجَاوِزُ تَرَاقِيَهُمْ» أَيْ: لَا يُقْبَلُ وَلا يُرْفَعُ فِي الأَعْمَالِ الصَّالِحَةِ.
وَقَوْلُهُ: «يَمْرُقُونَ مِنَ الدِّينِ» أَيْ: يَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ الدِّينِ، أَيْ مِنَ طَاعَةِ الأَئِمَّةِ، وَالدِّينُ: الطَّاعَةُ، وَهَذَا نَعْتُ الْخَوَارِجِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَدِينُونَ لِلأَئِمَّةِ، وَيَسْتَعْرِضُونَ النَّاسَ بِالسَّيْفِ،
Here he explains the trait mentioned in the hadith about the Khawarij  that they read the Qur’an but “do not go beyond their throats” that it means “Neither accepted nor raised are their good deeds."
In other words, even if the Khawarij read the Qur’an, pray tahajjud, fast every week, fight their self declared “jihad”, or assume about themselves that “at least they have good intentions and calling to Tawhid and Shariah”, it does not matter in light of the religion that Allah has sent down and their deeds are deemed worthless.

And with regards to the description that the Khawarij “pass through the religion”, Imam al-Baghawi explains that “this attribute of the Khawarij is because they denounce the Imams and view people with the sword”.

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قال ابن كثير إِذْ لَوْ قَوُوا هَؤُلَاءِ لَأَفْسَدُوا الْأَرْضَ كُلَّهَا عِرَاقًا وَشَامًا وَلَمْ يَتْرُكُوا طِفْلًا وَلَا طِفْلَةَ وَلَا رَجُلًاوَلَا امْرَأَةً لِأَنَّ النَّاسَ عِنْدَهُمْ قَدْ فَسَدُوا فَسَادًا لَا يُصْلِحُهُمْ إِلَّا الْقَتْلُ جُمْلَةً
[10/584 البداية والنهاية]

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Posted by  ADHM