Friday, 12 June 2015

Ibn Taymiyya’s Belief:That Hellfire Will End

Wahhabiyyah/salafi said, 
“ The Accusation that Ibn Taymiyyah held the Hellfire to come to an end, Another accusation by which the opponents declared Ibn Taymiyyah to be misguided due to his contradicting the 'consensus' on this issue. Yet nowhere in the works of Ibn Taymiyyah does he say this, in fact what we find from him is the exact opposite, and we challenge anybody who accuses Ibn Taymiyyah of this to bring his proof.”

Wahhabiyyah/Salafis have been hiding this  rare and very hard to find book of Ibn Taymiyyah where he affirms an end for the Hellfire and on page 83 of his book:

 Where he asserts that it would be a contradiction of Allah's wisdom and mercy to leave the Disbelievers in there forever…

DOWNLOAD PDF:  Here (safe to download)


Ibn Taymiyya’s Belief of Hell (Jahannam) Being Non-eternal

Ibn Taymiyyah said in his book:
ﺍﻟﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻔﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ
“Ar Raddu ‘ala man qaala bi fanaa’il Jannati wan Naar”
(The Refutation of the one who affirms the end of both Heaven and Hell)

Ibn Taymiyyah said:
ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﻀﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﺃﻫـــ ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻧﻔﻮﺱﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻻ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺇﻻﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺍﺏ، ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ
“But the creation of souls that commit evil in the dunya, then will only be in torment in the Hereafter IS A CONTRADICTION. The contradiction of Divine Wisdom and Mercy is more apparent in this issue than anything else.”

In the same book, he said:
ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ، ﻭﻻ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ -. ﺃﻫــــ ﻭﺣﻴﻨﺌﺬ ﻓﻴﺤﺘﺞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ، ﻭﺃﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ – ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻠﻴﻦﺑﺒﻘﺎﺋﻬﺎ
“In which case, the argument for the ending of Hellfire is supported by the Quran, the Sunnah, and the statements of the Sahabah; while the affirmers of its eternality have with them no Quran, no Sunnah, and no statements of the Sahabah.”

Ibn Taymiyya says:
Therefore, while it is deduced that Hellfire will pass away with The Book, The Sunna, and the words of The Companions, those who say that Hellfire will remain forever have no evidence from The Book, The Sunna, and the words of The Companions.
Source: Ibn Taymiyya, Al-Radd 'ala man qala bi-fana' al-janna wa al-nar. ed. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah al-Simhari (Riyadh: Dar al-balansiyya, 1415/ 1995).
Al-Albani is quoted to say:
"Ibn Qayyim has a second opinion according to which Hellfire will never end. Ibn Taymiyya has a book refuting those who say Janna [Paradise] and Jahannam [Hell] will cease to exist. At that time [20 years ago] I thought that Ibn Taymiyya shared this second opinion of Ibn Qayyim. The author al-San`ani, with what he has quoted from Ibn Qayyim, explains that the above mentioned refutation [written by Ibn Taymiyya] is not against those who say Hellfire will end, but it is against the jahmis who say Paradise will cease to exist and he [Ibn Taymiyya] states that Hell will cease to exist. Moreover, he does not state only this, but states also that the people of Hell will enter paradises with rivers flowing under them after Hell ceases to exist."

Source: [Introduction to al-San`ani's Raf`al-Astar, p. 7.]
"fana al-nar" (that Jahannam will come to an end) was the Final Recorded/Written Position of Ibn Taymiyya. 

Furthermore, Note: this position continued to be defended by his loyal student Ibn al-Qayyim even after Ibn Taymiyya's death
For example, Ibn al-Qayyim completed the composition of al-Hadi in the year 745 A.H. (1344-45). Ibn Taymiyya died in 728AH/1328CE.
more/info: Here

Imam Ibn Hajar al-Haytami (ra) stated:
"As one of his false beliefs, he [Ibn Taymiyya] has stated: Hellfire will end."
Source: al-Fatawa al-Hadithiyya.


Imam al-A'zam Abu Hanifa(ra) stated:
"One who says that Janna and Jahannam will cease to exist after people of Janna and people of Jahannam enter [Janna and Jahannam, respectively] becomes kâfir [apostate] because of denying eternal staying there [in Janna and Jahannam]." (al-Fiqh al-Absat)

Imam Abu Hanifah (d. 150 AH) has mentioned that the one who claims that paradise and hellfire will cease to exist after its people entered them has disbelieved in Allah ta'ala. ("فَإِن قَالَ إنَّهُمَا تفنيان فَقل لَهُ وصف الله نعيمهما بقوله {لَا مَقْطُوعَة وَلَا مَمْنُوعَة} وَمن قَالَ إنَّهُمَا تفنيان بعد دُخُول اهلهما فيهمَا فقد كفر بِاللَّه تَعَالَى لِأَنَّهُ انكر الخلود فيهمَا"; Source: al-Fiqh al-Absat)
Imam al-Ash`ari (rastated:"The whole of Ahl al-Islam stated the following: 'There is no end to Janna and Jahannam. Both of them will continue to exist. In the same way, people of Janna will continue to be rewarded [given benefactions] and the people of Jahannam will continue to be punished. There is no end to this.' " (Maqalat al-Islamiyyin, 164)
Imam al-Tahawi (ra) wrote:
Janna and Jahannam have been created; they will not ever cease to exist.
Imam al-Tahawi also wrote:
People who commit great sins among the umma [community, believers] of Muhammad (sallallahu ta'ala alayhe wa sallam) will not abide in Hellfire forever, provided that they die as Ahl al-Tawhid [as monotheists, i.e. as Muslims]. This includes even the unrepentant that, nonetheless, died as believers knowing Allahu ta'ala. They are in His judgment and decree. If He wishes, He forgives and pardons them by His grace, as He mentioned in His book (4:48). Or if He wishes, He punishes them in Hellfire by His justice, and then removes them by His rahmat [mercy, grace], (or) through the intercession of His obedient servants. He then sends them to His Janna [Paradise].
Ibn Hazm wrote:"... They have agreed with consensus that Jahannam is haq [true], that it is an eternal place of punishment, and that it [Jahannam] and its inhabitants will continue forever and will never cease to exist." (Maratib al-Ijma', 268)
Ibn Hazm (d. 456 AH) mentioned that hellfire and its people will remain forever and that the one saying otherwise has disbelieved by consensus (Ijma'). (He said under "بَاب من الإجماع فِي الاعتقادات يكفر من خَالفه باجماع" the following: "وان النَّار حق وَأَنَّهَا دَار عَذَاب أبدا لَا تفنى وَلَا يفنى أَهلهَا أبدا بِلَا نِهَايَة"; Source: Maratib al-Ijma')
Imam al-Subki (rastates: "The doctrine of the Muslims is that Paradise and Hellfire do not pass away. Abû Muhammad Ibn Hazm has reported Ijma [Consensus] on the question and the fact that whoever violates such Consensus is a disbeliever (kâfir) by Consensus. There is no doubt over this, for it is obligatorily known in the Religion and the evidence to that effect is abundant." (Al-Subkî, al-Durra al-Mudiyya fî al-Radd `alâ Ibn Taymiyya (3rd epistle, al-I`tibâr bi Baqâ' al-Jannati wa al-Nâr p. 60)
Imam Taqi al-Din al-Subki (d. 756 AH) mentioned this also and even said that this is from the necessary knowledge of the religion (Ma'lum min al-Din bil Dharurah). ("فإن اعتقاد المسلمين أن الجنة والنار لا تفنيان وقد نقل أبو محمد بن حزم الإجماع على ذلك وأن من خالفه كافر بإجماع، ولا شك في ذلك فإنه معلوم من الدين بالضرورة وتواردت الأدلة عليه"; Source: al-I'tibar bi Baqa` al-Jannah wal Nar)
Imam al-Kawthari (ra) stated that: "The takfîr [declaration of apostasy] of those who deny the eternality of Janna and Jahannam or one of them [Janna or Jahannam] is based on the Ijma of Ahl al-Haq [people of truth]." (Maqalat, 377)"That Janna and Jahannam are eternal is fixed by Qur'an al-Karîm, the Sunna and yaqini [definite] ijma." (Maqalat, 450)


Shaykh Abdur Rahman Sondalaani mentions:

But please note that there are also some places in his books where he mentions that Hellfire will NOT end. A
Salafi may try to defend him by mentioning that. But at best, his statements are contradictory on a clear cut issue where that is not allowed. 

No where did he explicitly says that he was of one opinion and changed his mind for us to know what his final position was. 

So we are left with his contradictory statements in his book Fanaa Al Jannah wan Naar and the statements of his TOP student Ibnul Qayyim in “Haadil ArwaahandShifaa’ul ‘Aleel” and what their contemporaries have affirmed about them on this issue.

Read more/info: Here

(Edited by ADHM)