Why did Noble Muhadditheen
Seek Help from
The Blessed Prophet
Abu Abdullah Sams-ud-Din Muhammad Dhahabi, a Muhaddith and a renowned expert in textual criticism, was a disciple of Ibn-e-Katheer Damishqi.
An Arabic book of him “Tadhkira tul Huffaaz” is very famous. In this, remembrance of many Huffaaz ul Hadith (memorizers of the Prophetic traditions) is present.
Some years ago, Ghair al-Muqallid (Wahabi) Molvi Sheikh ul Hadith Hafiz Muhammad Ishaaq translated this book into Urdu, and presentation and revision was done by Muneer Ahmad Salafi Ghair al-Muqallid.
In 1981, Islamic Publishing House published this translation in
Allama Dhahabi writes on its volume 3 about the condition of Muhaddith al-Kabeer Imam Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Ali al-Muqarra Isbahaani (died on 381 Hijri, Allah’s mercy be upon him):
It is narrated from Abu Bakr Abi Ali that Ibn Al-Muqarra used to say ‘I myself, Muhaddith Imam Hafiz Abil Qasim Sulaiman bin Ahmad Tabarani (died in 360 Hijri) and Abul Sheikh used to live in Madeena tul Munawwara.
Our wealth got exhausted and we were experiencing poverty.
Our wealth got exhausted and we were experiencing poverty.
We kept a fast (that day) without having “Sahri” (eating before dawn).’
Imam Muqarra says ‘On Isha time, I visited the sacred shrine of Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and *requested “O Allah’s Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)! We have totally exhausted due to hunger”.
After saying this, I came to my house. Imam Tabarani started saying “Sit down, we will either get food or will die.” Shortly afterward, Abul Sheikh and I stood up to the door and found a wealthy ‘Alawi at the door. We opened the door; there were two slaves with him, standing and holding two baskets which contained many things.
The ‘Alawi said “you implored the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), I saw him (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in my dream and he ordered me to give you something”.’
All of the three are noble Muhadditheen, Imam Tabarani and Imam Abul Sheikh did not say to Imam Muhaddith Muqarra
“You committed Shirk (polytheism) by seeking assistance about your wish or difficulty from the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).”
This confirms that it is the belief of Muhadditheen that seeking help from the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) after his apparent passing away is permissible and not Shirk.
Shams-ud-Din Dhahabi too quoted this incident without any alteration or explanation.
But now, the generation of the Westerners, which is a new innovating sect of Wahhabia, says that doing so is Shirk.
---(Edited by ADHM)
al-Hafiz Ibn al-Jawzi relates in Kitab al-Wafa (p. 818 #1536):
Abu Bakr al-Minqari said: I was with al-Tabarani and Abu al-Shaykh in the Prophet's Mosque, in some difficulty. We became very hungry. That day and the next we didn't eat. When it was time for `isha, I came to the Prophet's grave and I said:
"O Messenger of Allah, we are hungry, we are hungry" (ya rasullallah al-ju` al-ju`)!
Then I left. Abu al-Shaykh said to me: Sit. Either there will be food for us, or death. I slept and Abu al-Shaykh slept. al-Tabarani stayed awake, researching something.
Then an `Alawi (a descendant of `Ali) came knocking at the door with two boys, each one carrying a palm-leaf basket filled with food. We sat up and ate. We thought that the children would take back the remainder but they left everything behind.
When we finished, the `Alawi said: O people, did you complain to the Prophet? I saw him in my sleep and he ordered me to bring something to you.---
IBN ABI DUNYA (d. 281H)
ON TAWASSUL OF THE SALAF
The hadith scholar and ascetic, Imam Ibn Abi Dunya (d. 281 H) in his book “مجابو الدعوة” which is a compilation of various supplications used by the Salaf, records the following:
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو هِشَامٍ، سَمِعْتُ عَنَ كَثِيرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ كَثِيرِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ: ” جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ حَيَّانَ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبْجَرَ، فَجَسَّ بَطْنَهُ، فَقَالَ: بِكَ دَاءٌ لَا يَبْرَأُ، قَالَ: مَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ: هُوَ الدُّبَيْلَةُ، فَتَحَوَّلَ الرَّجُلُ، فَقَالَ: اللَّهُ، اللَّهُ، رَبِّي لَا أُشْرِكُ بِهِ أَحَدًا، اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَتَوَجَّهُ إِلَيْكَ بِنَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ، يَا مُحَمَّدُ، إِنِّي أَتَوَجَّهُ بِكَ إِلَى رَبِّكَ وَرَبِّي أَنْ يَرْحَمَنِي مِمَّا بِي رَحْمَةً يُغْنِينِي بِهَا عَنْ رَحْمَةِ مَنْ سِوَاهُ – ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ دَعَا إِلَى ابْنِ أَبْجَرَ، فَجَسَّ بَطْنَهُ، فَقَالَ: بَرَأْتَ، مَا بِكَ عِلَّةٌ “
“A person came over to see ‘Abd-ul-Malik bin Sa‘īd bin Abjar (who is from the Tabi’ Tabieen).
‘Abd-ul-Malik pressed his belly and told him that he was suffering from an incurable disease.
The man asked him: ‘what is it?’ ‘Abd-ul-Malik replied that it was a kind of ulcer that grows inside the belly and ultimately kills the man. It is said that the patient turned round and then he said:
Allāh! Allāh! Allāh is my Lord. I regard no one as His rival or partner. O Allāh! I beseech You and submit myself to You through the mediation of Your Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), the merciful Prophet. O Muhammad! Through your means I submit myself to your and my Lord that He should take mercy on me in my state of illness.
It is said that ‘Abd-ul-Malik pressed his belly again and said: ‘you are cured, you are no longer suffering from any disease.’
As one can see, the practice of Tawassul was a practice of Muslims from the earliest of times going back to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) himself who taught the dua of tawassul as in the hadith of the blind man and practiced by the Sahabah as in the hadith of man in need and continued to be practiced by the Salaf, scholars and laity until today.
In fact, Ibn Taymiyya in his book قاعدة جليلة في التوسل والوسيلة quotes this narration and says,
قلت: فهذا الدعاء ونحوه قد روي أنه دعا به السلف، ونقل عن أحمد بن حنبل في منسك المروذي التوسل بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في الدعاء، ونهى به
“I say this dua’ and similar (dua’) has been narrated that the Salaf used to ask (in supplication) with, and it’s been reported in the Manasik of Al Marrudhi that Imam Ahmed (encouraged) tawassul through the Prophet in his dua’”. Here
The above saying of Ibn Taymiyya also refutes the bogus claim of pseudo salafis that the tawassul which scholars allowed is restricted to calling upon Allah only such as “Oh Allah we seek by your Prophet…” while instead we see from the narration above that it is not restricted to such.