Friday, 9 November 2012

ILM UL GHAYB




ILM UL GHAYB 



Nobel Qur'an

Qur'an states: Allah will not leave the believers in the state in which ye are now, until He separates what is evil from what is good "NOR WILL HE DISCLOSE TO YOU THE SECRETS OF THE UNSEEN, BUT HE CHOOSES OF HIS MESSENGERS (FOR THE PURPOSE) WHOM HE PLEASES" So believe in Allah. And His messengers: And if ye believe and do right, ye have a reward without measure. (3:179)

Hence from Nass of Quran (i.e. categorical proof of Qur'an

It is established that Ilm ul Ghayb is Dhaati (personal) Sift of ALLAH alone but also At’ai (granted) Sift of Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam). If this point is understood then Insha'Allah all so called debates on Nafi and Isbat of Ilm ul Ghayb shall end.

This means that ALLAH knows by Himself and is Aalim ul Ghayb (a title which cannot be given to anyone else, wahabis/deobandis lie that Ahlus Sunnah Barelvis believe Prophet to be Aalim ul Ghayb) and he holds to keys of Unseen, this in no way means he does not teach "ILM UL GHAYB" to anyone , Wahabis do Hypocrisy by misquoting Qur'an where Prophet (Peace be upon him) denies Dhaati Ilm ul Ghayb not his Ata'i Ilm ul Ghayb.

The beautiful ayah of Surah al Imran 3:179 which is ''one of the''
Qati'i Nasoos for Prophet (Peace be upon him)'s knowledge of Unseen, The context of this ayah proves that Munafiqeen doubted the knowledge of Prophet (
صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by saying the Prophet (s) knows about Imaan and Kufr of people who are yet to be born whereas he does not recognize us, here is Tafsir of the ayah

Imam al-Khazin
(rah) explains this ayah as:

قال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلم: عُرضتْ عليّ أُمتي في صورها في الطين كما عُرضتْ على آدم وأُعلمتُ من يؤمن بي ومن يكفر بي فبلغ ذلك المنافقين فقالوا استهزاءً: زعم محمد أنه يعلم من يؤمن به ومن يكفر ممن لم يخلق بعد ونحن معه وما يعرفنا فبلغ ذلك رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلم فقام على المنبر فحمد الله وأثنى عليه ثم قال: ما بال أقوام طعنُوا في علمي لا تسألوني عن شيء فيما بينكم وبين الساعة إلا أنبأتكم به

Rasul Ullah (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: My Ummah was presented to me in their shapes of clay like they were presented to Adam (as) and I have known who shall believe and who shall do kufr, When Munafiqeen found out about this they laughed and said: Muhammad(salallaho alaihi wasalam) claims that he knows about Imaan and Kufr of people before their birth whereas we are with him and he does not recognize us, When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) found out what Munafiqeen said, he then stood up on the pulpit, Did Hamd and Sana of Allah and said: What will be the situation of those people who found faults in my knowledge, I will explain to you everything from now onwards till the day of judgement. [Tafsir al Baghawi, Tafsir al Khazin, Under 3:179]




Nobel Qur'an

عَٰلِمُ ٱلْغَيْبِ فَلَا يُظْهِرُ عَلَىٰ غَيْبِهِۦٓ أَحَدًا
إِلَّا مَنِ ٱرْتَضَىٰ مِن رَّسُولٍ" فَإِنَّهُۥ يَسْلُكُ مِنۢ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِۦ رَصَدًا"

Qur'an states:
[He is] Knower of the unseen, and He does not disclose His [knowledge of the] unseen to anyone. "EXCEPT WHOM HE HAS APPROVED OF MESSENGERS" and indeed, He sends before each messenger and behind him observers (72:26-27)

Now it Is proven from second Nass (absolute proof) of Qur'an itself that ALLAH does not teach Ilm ul Ghayb to likes of you and me but he teaches to his chosen messengers, now another Question will arise how much has ALLAH taught his most eminent Prophet (Peace be upon him)?

So Let us understand this again from Qur'an al Kareem.

Quran states:
And Allah has revealed to you the Book and the wisdom, and He has taught you what you did not know( وَأَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ ٱلْكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ) and Allah's grace on you is very great..(4:113)

وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَم [and taught thee what thou Knewest not (before)] is explained by Overwhelming Mufasireen as

Two legendary scholars i.e. Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti (rah) and Al-Muhalli (rah) explain in the world renowned Tafsir al Jalalayn under 4:113—

وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ } من الأحكام والغيب
Translation:{And taught you what you Knew not (before)} This means Ahkaam and "
GHAYB (UNSEEN) !"

Imam al-Khazin
(rah) explains it in his Tafsir al Khazin under 4:113

وعلمك ما لم تكن تعلم } يعني من أحكام الشرع وأمور الدين وقيل علمك من علم الغيب ما لم تكن تعلم وقيل معناه وعلمك من خفيات الأمور وأطلعك على ضمائر القلوب وعلمك من أحوال المنافقين وكيدهم ما لم تكن تعلم

{And taught thee what thou Knewest not (before)} meaning the Ahkaam (rulings) of Shariah and Umoor (matters) of Deen and It is said that "YOU WERE TAUGHT ILM UL GHAYB WHICH YOU DID NOT KNOW (BEFORE)" (
من علم الغيب ما لم تكن تعلم) and its also said that ALLAH taught you "WHAT WAS IN HEARTS" and taught you ahwaal and clever tricks of Munafiqeen which you did not know.

Imam al-Baghwi (rah) explains it as:

{
وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ
من الأحكام، وقيل: من علم الغيب
Translation: { And taught thee what thou Knewest not (before)}It is Rulings and It is
Ilm ul Ghayb !!

Imam Ismail al Hiqqi (rah) in Ruh ul Bayan explains it as

وعلمك } بالوحى من الغيب وخفيات الامور { ما لم تكن تعلم } ذلك الى وقت التعليم
Translation: And ALLAH taught you through Wahi the Ghayb and hidden matters (
من الغيب وخفيات ) and {Knew not before} is till that time when ALLAH had not taught him [End Quote]

So those who accuse Prophet (Peace be upon him) of
not knowing something is till the time when ALLAH had not taught him, but they ignore the fact that after this he knew of it all as explained in many hadiths that ALLAH granted him the keys to all treasures of world, illumination of everything came to him and he recognised everything etc…) this shall come in the hadith section in respective time Insha'Allah.

Nobel Qur'an

Quran states in Surah at-Takwir (81:24):

وَمَا هُوَ عَلَى ٱلْغَيْبِ بِضَنِينٍ
Translation: Neither does he (The Prophet - Peace be upon him) withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen.(81:24)

i.e. Prophet (Peace be upon him) is not Bukheel in giving the knowledge of unseen

Let’s see how

Imam Baidawi (rah) explains this ayah as: --

وَمَا هُوَ } وما محمد عليه الصلاة والسلام. { عَلَى ٱلْغَيْبِ } على ما يخبره من الموحى إليه وغيره من الغيوب. { بِضَنِينٍ } بمتهم من الظنة، وهي التهمة، وقرأ نافع وعاصم وحمزة وابن عامر { بِضَنِينٍ } بالضاد من الضن وهو البخل أي لا يبخل بالتبليغ والتعليم، والضاد من أصل حافة اللسان وما يليها من الأضراس من يمين اللسان أو يساره، والظاء من طرف اللسان وأصول الثنايا العليا.

And Muhammad (alaihas salato salam) {
عَلَى ٱلْغَيْبِ } is not Bukheel in teaching Ghuyub which he knows through revelation and other means(إليه وغيره)

{
بِضَنِينٍ } بالضاد من الضن وهو البخل أي لا يبخل بالتبليغ والتعليم

Bidhaneen has ‘’Dhuad’’ and It contains the meaning of Bukhl and he is not Bukheel in Tabligh and Teaching

Let’s understand this ayah further

Imam Khazin (rah) in his Tafsir writes—

وما هو } يعني محمداً صلى الله عليه وسلم { على الغيب } أي الوحي وخبر السّماء، وما اطلع عليه مما كان غائباً عن علمه من القصص والأنباء. { بضنين } قرأ بالظاء، ومعناه بمتهم والمظنة التهمة، وقرىء بضنين بالضاد، ومعناه ببخيل يقول إنه يأتيه علم الغيب، ولا يبخل به عليكم، ويخبركم به، ولا يكتمه

Translation: {
وما هو } meaning Muhammad (salallaho alaihi wasalam)
{
على الغيب } Is not Bukheel in mentioning the revelation and Heavenly information and incidents which he did not know.{ { بضنين Bidhaneen means Bukheel and ALLAH is saying he (Prophet) receives Knowledge of Unseen and he explains it to them and he does not do Bukhl in it, and He informs you of it and does not hide it from you.

These proofs also destroy
wahabism when they lie that we Ahlus Sunnah or barelvis as they like to us believe that Prophet himself has Ilm ul Ghayb. Our belief is in conformity of what has been mentioned above Alhamdolillah.

Nobel Qur'an

Qur'an states:
There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth, nor a being that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you. "NOTHING HAVE WE OMITTED FROM THE BOOK" and they (all) shall be gathered to their Lord in the end.(6:38)

This verse is also a categorical proof that Prophet (Peace be upon him) has all the Uloom being a Makhlooq whereas the ignorant
Wahabis/Deobandis lie that this whole knowledge is comparable to that of Allah .. Maaz Allah Thuma Maaz Allah.

Even this complete knowledge of Prophet (Peace be upon him) is not comparable to the
knowledge of Allah whose Knowledge has no beginning has no end whereas Prophetic knowledge has a beginning and also has an end. Allah's knowledge is personal whereas Prophet's knowledge is granted. 
Allah's knowledge does not increase with time whereas Prophetic knowledge increases with time.

Hence denying any of the 2 realities i.e. Personal knowledge of Allah and granted knowledge of Prophet (Peace be upon him) will stand as Kufr.





Hadith  (Sahih Bukhari)

ورَوَى عيسى عن رقبةَ عن قَيس بنِ مُسلمٍ عن طارق بنِ شهابٍ قال: «سمعتُ عمرَ رضيَ اللهُ عنه يقول: قامَ فينا النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم مَقاماً، فأخبرَنا عن بَدْءِ الخلقِ حتّى دَخَلَ أهلُ الجنَّةِ منَازِلَهم وأهلُ النار منازِلَهم، حفِظَ ذلك من حَفِظَه، ونَسِيَهُ من نَسِيه».

Translation: Narrated by Sayyidna Umar bin Khattab (RA): One day the Prophet stood up amongst us for a long period and “INFORMED US ABOUT THE BEGINNING OF CREATION (AND TALKED ABOUT EVERYTHING IN DETAIIL) TILL HE MENTIONED HOW PEOPLE OF PRADISE WILL ENTER THEIR PLACES AND THE PEOPLE OF HELL WILL ENTER THEIR PLACES” Some remembered what he had said, and some forgot it. [Sahih Bukhari, Volume # 4, Chapter of “Beginning of Creation, 3rd Hadith in chapter and overall Hadith # 3020. For Muhsin Khan’s version look at 4/54/415]

This hadith is an explicit Proof that Prophet (Peace be upon him) knew Ilm ul Ghayb to the extent that he told everything since beginning of creation till “WHO WILL ENTER PARADISE OR HELL” from other Sahih hadiths it is also established that Prophet (Peace be upon him) even knew the names of all misguided leaders, their father’s name and their ride also. He also saw Paradise right from the earth and told that women will inhabit it more [Proven from Sahih Bukhari] and thus overall such hadiths prove the comprehensive Ilm ul Ghayb of Prophet (Peace be upon him).

Remember this comprehensiveness refers in relevance to Makhlooq not The Khaliq (Creator), the salafis spread misguidance that the comprehensive Ilm ul Ghayb of Prophet means his knowledge is equated with Allah .. Maaz Allah Thuma Maaz Allah this was never and shall never be belief of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamm’ah.




Hadith  (Sahih Bukhari)

حدثنا موسى بن مسعود: حدثنا سفيان، عن الأعمش، عن أبي وائل، عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه قال:
لقد خطبنا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم خطبة، ما ترك فيها شيئاً إلى قيام الساعة إلا ذكره، علمه من علمه وجهله من جهله، إن كنت لأرى الشيء قد نسيت، فأعرفه كما يعرف الرجل الرجل إذا غاب عنه فرآه فعرفه.

Translation: Abu Wa'il related that Hudhayfa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed us in a khutba in which “HE DID NOT OMIT TO MENTION ANYTHING UNTIL THE TIME OF THE FINAL HOUR”. Whoever knows is knows it, and whoever is ignorant of it is ignorant of it. “THEN I WOULD SEE SOMETHING THAT I HAD FORGOTTEN”, and I would recognise it as a man recognises another man when he has been absent from him and then he sees him and recognises him." [Translation by Ustadha Aisha Bewley, Hadith # 6230]

This hadith in totality proves the comprehensive Ilm ul Ghayb of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and also explains to us the Aqida of Sahaba (i.e. Salaf as Saliheen), they used to look out for future events according to pre-told news of Unseen by Prophet. 

Hadith  (Mutafaq Alaih - Sahih Bukhari)

حدَّثنا عبدُ اللهِ بنُ يوسُفَ حدَّثَنا الليثُ حدَّثَني يزيدُ بنُ أبي حبيبٍ عن أبي الخيرِ عن عُقبةَ بنِ عامرٍ «أنّ النبيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم خَرجَ يوماً فصلَّى على أهلِ أُحُدٍ صَلاتَهُ على الميّتِ، ثمَّ انصرَفَ إلى المِنبر فقال: إني فرَطٌ لكم، وأنا شهيدٌ عليكم، وإني واللهِ لأنظُرُ إلى حَوضِي الآنَ، وإني أُعِطيتُ مَفاتيحَ خَزَائنِ الأرضِ، أو مفاتيحَ الأرضِ. وإني واللهِ ما أخاف عليكم أنْ تُشرِكوا بَعدِي، ولكنْ أخافُ عليكم أنْ تنافَسوا فيها».

Translation: It is related from 'Uqba ibn 'Amir, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out one day and prayed over the people of Uhud with the prayer for the dead. Then he went to the minbar and said, 'I will prepare things for you and will be a witness for you. “BY ALLAH, I SEE MY BASIN NOW AND I HAVE BEEN GIVEN THE KEYS OF THE TREASURES OF THE EARTH” (or the keys of the earth). By Allah, I do not fear for you that you will associate anything with Allah after me, but I fear for you that you will fight one another for them.'" [Sahih Bukhari, Translated by Ustadha Aisha Bewley, Hadith # 1279, Book of Funerals]

This hadith is a “2 edged sword” 

A) It proves the comprehensive Ilm ul Ghayb of Prophet as he has been grated “ALL TREASURES OF EARTH” 

B) Prophet (Peace be upon him) took an oath that his Ummah will not indulge in Shirk after him, hence the false verdict of Shirk upon Muslims who believe in Ilm ul Ghayb of Prophet becomes a direct violation of Prophetic oath.




Hadith  (Jami’ Tirmidhi – Authenticated directly by Imam Bukhari) – Conclusion for today on this magnificent hadith. 

عَن مُعَاذِ بن جَبَلٍ ، رضي الله عنه قَالَ «احْتَبَسَ عَنَّا رَسُولُ الله ذَات غَدَاةٍ مِنْ صَلاَة الصُّبْح حَتَّى كِدْنَا نَتَراءَى عَيْنَ الشَّمْسِ فخَرَجَ سريعاً فَثُوِّبَ بالصَّلاَةِ فَصَلّى رَسُولُ الله وَتَجَوَّزَ في صَلاَتِه، فَلَّما سَلَّمَ دَعا بِصَوْتِهِ فَقَالَ لَنَا: عَلَى مَصَافِّكُمْ كَمَا أَنْتُمْ ثُمَّ انْفَتَلَ إِلَيْنَا ثم قَالَ: أَمَا إِنِّي سَأُحَدِّثُكُمْ مَا حَبَسَنِي عَنْكُم الغَدَاةَ أَنَّي قُمْتُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَوَضَّأْتُ فَصَلَّيْتُ مَا قُدِّرَ لِي فَنَعَسْتُ فِي صَلاَتِي حتى اسْتَثْقَلْتُ فإِذَا أَنَا بِرَبِّي تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالى في أَحْسَنِ صُورَةٍ فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ، قُلْتُ لَبَيَّكَ رَبِّ، قالَ فِيمَ يَخْتَصِمُ المَلأُ الأَعْلَى؟ قُلْتُ: لاَ أَدْرِي رَبِّ قَالَهَا ثَلاَثاً، قَالَ فَرَأَيْتُهُ وَضَعَ كَفَّهُ بَيْنَ كَتِفَيَّ. قَدْ وَجَدْتُ بَرْدَ أَنَامِلِهِ بَيْنَ ثَدْيَيَّ فتجَلَّى لِي كُلُّ شَيْءٍ وَعَرَفْتُ
فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ. قُلْتُ لَبَّيْكَ رَبِّ، قَالَ فِيمَ يَخْتَصِمُ المَلأُ الأعْلَى؟ قُلْتُ في الكَفّارَاتِ، قَالَ مَاهُنَّ؟ قُلْتُ مَشْيُ الأقْدَامِ إِلَى الْجَماعَاتِ، وَالْجُلُوسُ في المَسَاجِدِ بَعْدَ الصَّلوات، وإِسْبَاغُ الْوُضُوءِ في المَكْرُوهَاتِ،

قال أبو عيسى: هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صحيحٌ. سَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بنَ إِسْماعِيلَ عَن هَذا الحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ هَذَا حديث حسنٌ صحيحٌ

Translation: Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal

Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) was detained one morning from observing the dawn prayer (in congregation) along with us till the sun had almost appeared on the horizon. He then came out hurriedly and Iqamah for prayer was observed and he conducted it (prayer) in brief form. When he had concluded the prayer by saying As-salamu alaykum wa Rahmatullah, he called out to us saying: Remain in your places as you were. Then turning to us he said: I am going to tell you what detained me from you (on account of which I could not join you in the prayer) in the morning. I got up in the night and performed ablution and observed the prayer as had been ordained for me. I dozed in my prayer till I was overcome by (sleep) and Lo I found myself in the presence of my Lord, the Blessed and the Glorious, in the best form. He said: Muhammad! I said: At Thy service, my Lord. He said: What these highest angels contend about? I said: I do not know. He repeated it thrice. He said: I don’t know, Then I saw Him put his palms between my shoulder blades till I felt the coldness of his fingersbetween the two sides of my chest. THEN EVERYTHING WAS ILLUMINATED TO ME AND I RECOGNIZED EVERYTHING! He said: Muhammad! I said: At Thy service, my Lord. He said: What do these high angels contend about? I said: In regard to expiations. He said: What are these? I said: Going on foot to join congregational prayers, sitting in the mosques after the prayers, performing ablution well despite difficulties…. 

Hukm of Imam at-Tirmidhi: This hadith is “HASAN SAHIH” and I asked Muhammad bin Ismaeel (Imam Bukhari) regarding this hadith and he said “IT IS HASAN SAHIH” [Jami Tirmidhi, Volume No. 5, Page No. 368-369, Tafsir Surah S'ad, Hadith No. 3235]

Whole of this hadith has to be read, we only extracted some part of it due to brevity issue. The hadith proves the following:

a) The Prophet (Peace be upon him) is directly taught by Allah “EVERY THING AND HE RECOGNIZED EVERYTHING TOO” hence rejection of Prophetic Ilm ul Ghayb is in reality rejection of Allah teaching him and thus Kufr. 

b) The Prophet (Peace be upon him) told in detail what the Angels of highest assembly are doing and this is height of Irfan in knowledge of Ghayb.

c) This hadith is narrated by many other Sahaba like Ibn Abbas (RA) which has the wording “I GOT TO KNOW WHAT IS IN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH” [Read previous hadiths from this one in same Sunnan Tirmidhi]

By A.Ibrahim

(Edited by ADHM)

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صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم
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LET’S NOT FORGET: