Monday, 9 January 2012

Mujaddid Alf Sani on Mawlid

Imam-i Rabbani Mujaddid-i-Alf-i Thani Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi (rah), popularly known as Imam-i-Rabbani among Sunni Muslims (Ahle Sunnah Wal Jammah) (1034 AH /1624CE)

He writes in his Maktub [Persian , daftar awwal , hissa panjam, Urdu, Vol 2, letter No. 273 which is addressed to Mirza Husamuddeen Ahmed] :
"There is a reason for not doing these things in this [Naqshbandi] tariqah] with regard to Sam’a [audition], Raqs [whirling under the state of love for Haqq], Mawlid and poetry recitation [ Shair khawni] for the people of this tariqah and the people of this tariqah have achieved high status while not doing all these things.. Those who are in this [Naqshbandi ] tariqah should refrain from opposing this tariqah. 

Hazrat Khawja Naqshband [ quddus sirrahu] has said:
"I do not do this thing nor do I stop people/ criticize people those who do" 

[Imam-i- Rabbani says ] which ^means:
"since this thing is not done in our tariqa [ Nqashbandi ] so I do not do it and since it is practiced by Mashaykh of other silsila, I do not deny it also" .. 


Please note here the prohibition is about sama and raqs and not the Mawlid, since Mawlid is not something to specific to any sufi tariqah but rather something found in all.

At another place Imam-i-Rabbani [rah] writes [ Persian Daftar som, Hissah Hashtam, Urdu, volume: 3 letter 72, which is addressed to Mirza Husamuddeen Ahmed] In answering a question which was addressed to Imam Rabbani, Imam-i-Rabbani writes:

"And then you have asked concerning Mawlid. "

Imam Rabbani replies:

"What harm is there in reciting quran, naa’t [ song in praise of prophet] and manqabat [ song praising Awaliya Allah] in beautiful voice . WHAT IS PROPHIBITED IS to change the words/ pronunciation of Quran , to recite quran as if some one is singing a song and to clap which is not allowed even in the sessions of Poetry"

"If Mawlid is done in this manner that no mistake in quran recitation occurs and no mistake and careless ness occur in reciting qasida, then what is the harm in it ? My friend, strict measure is to be taken to close the door [ of careless ness] , otherwise there is a famous saying that small things results in big matter" 

[end of letter]
Some people have misunderstood
the extract shown above by attributing part of the reply by Imam - i - Rabbani as being a part of the question that was asked. It can be seen that Imam-i-Rabbani is replying to the question which was asked to him in a letter which he received. That is why he mentions in his answer "WHAT IS PROPHIBITED IS……"

So basically Imam-i-Rabbani has nothing against the Mawlid. 

The above is the full response of Imam-i-Rabbani (rah) and this can be seen from the scans:

Abdullah Chisti Sabri

(Edited by ADHM)


Mawlana Shibli Nomani 
( d. 1332 AH -1914CE) 
was among one of the founders of 
Nadwatul Ulema, India.
( An Islamic institute in India).

After its formation, due to some differences among students and teachers , the students went on strike.

After discussing this situation, Mawlana Shibli Nomani writes:

During this situation( of strike), it was the time of Mawlid Sherif and the students wanted to celeberate Mawlid sheriff as they have always been celeberating it ( Urdu : Jaisa hamesha ka mamool tha). 
But it was feared ( by the opposite group) that I will make a speech on this occasion, so they were stopped from celeberating Mawlid sheriff and this continued for three days. 
These people were told that if Mawlid celeberation is stopped then this will lead to confusion/ anger/ division among the inhabitants of the city. 
Finally , the decision to celeberate Mawlid was given with some restrictions.

( Maqalate Shibli , VoL 6, PAGE 131 , Old Printed edition, Azamgarh)



Internet version can be read here ( Vol 8 , page 171).

Please note the usage “ JAISE HAMESHA KA MAMOOL THA” which means Mawlana Shibli Nomani is saying celebration of Mawlid” as it has been done AWLAYS ”.

Later Nadwa and Deoband fought each other while trying to impress Saudi Wahabis to get more financial aid and spread Wahabism in India. But that is a different story... (Here)


Scholars Opinions and Famous Books
on Mawlid from period


(Edited by ADHM)