Deputies are for a King, hence, this hadith is proof of the fact that Allah, the Almighty, made Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam the King of the heavens and the Earth. And why would this not be the case when Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam is Allah’s Khalifa-e-A’dham (greatest vicegerent).
Granted the keys
Abu Huraira radiyallahu ta'ala 'anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam
Imam Manawi also writes:
Our dear Prophet is the one who orders and also the one who prohibits.
May Allah protect us from such thinking!
“He whose name is Muhammad or ‘Ali, he has no authority over anything”.18
Tasarruf with the word “Kun” (be)
‘Allama Sha’rani continues:
Sayyidina Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir says: “Takween will become yours and you will receive guidance that will be as apparent as the midday sun and this guidance will be from the Kalam of Allah which is more beautiful than anything. You will receive Ilham that will be free from any interference (talbis) and so pure that the whispers of Shaytan and the evil thoughts of the nafs will not affect it”.
Shaykh al-Akbar said:
Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam said, “Listen! I am the beloved [Habeeb] of Allah and I do not say this with pride”. This hadith has been narrated by Imam Tirmidi and Darimi.29
“By Allah! I see that Allah fulfils the wishes of Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam quickly”.31
This is just one fraction of the authority [tasarruf] of the beloved of Allah. On the day of Judgement his leadership will be so apparent that no-one will be able to deny his power and authority in the court of Allah.37
It’s correct definition
As mentioned before, no creation, including the Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam himself, owns any thing or has any authority except through the bestowment and mercy of Allah. Whatever authority or power the creation has is all due to the bestowment of Allah.
The Prophet is Allah’s Deputy
Again cotemplate here the relationship between Allah and His Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam upon which Allah declared the Prophet’s throwing as His own.
To understand this consider the following situation;
The Prophet’s Authority and The Scholars of Islam
The Ghair Muqallideen forefather, Nawab Siddiq Hassan writes:
The major scholar of Wahabihism Muhammad Hassan Bataalwi (who through a plea to the British had his name changed from Wahaabi to Ahl e Hadith) writes:
‘We sent no messenger, but to be obeyed by Allahs permission (An Nisaa v 64)
The Holy Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam said,
If (I had not viewed it) difficult for my Ummah I would have ordered it to use Miswaak with every Prayer’ (Bukhaari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Nisai, Abu Awaana, Dhaarimi, Bayhaqi, Musnad Ahmad)
The above four ahadith prove clearly that the Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam had the authority to change the timings of the Prayers.
Syeduna Khuzayma bin Thaabit states
A: This hadith is a lie! It is not in any book.
Abu Hurayra states:
Syeduna Baraa narrates: ‘One day (Eid ul Adha) the Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam performed the prayer and stated ‘Whoever prays like us and faces our Qibla should not perform the sacrifice until after completing the prayer’ On hearing this Abu Burda bin Niyaar stood up and pleaded ‘Yaa Rasoolallah, I have (already) done so (performed the sacrifice); I have a six month old calf who looks better than a year old calf, will that suffice? The Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam said ‘Yes, but it is not permissible for anyone after you’ (Bukhaari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nisai, Abu Dawud)
This hadith clearly shows that the Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam possessed the authority to exempt any one of his followers from a commandment. This point is also made by Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqalaani whilst explaining the same hadith:
This hadith reveals that the Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam had the authority to elevate, if he wished, the testimony of one person to equate to the testimony of two people.
(Note: To appreciate the reason Khuzayma bin Thaabit was worthy of this honour refer to Abu Dawud)
Question : Albaani (athough stating it as Sahih) claims that this statement of Imam Zuhri is incorrect
Answer : This objection can be answered in seven ways:
Muslim narrated from `Amr ibn Akhtab [Abu Zayd] al-Ansari radyAllahu `anh who said: "The Prophet prayed fajr with us then climbed the pulpit and addressed us until the time came for zuhr, then he descended and prayed. Then he climbed the pulpit and addressed us until the time came for `asr, whereupon he descended and prayed. Then he climbed the pulpit and addressed us until the sun set.` He informed us about all that was to happen until the Day of Resurrection` The most knowledgeable of us is he who has memorized the most."
Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated from Hudhayfa radyAllahu `anh who said: "The Prophet stood among us [speaking] for a long time and did not leave out one thing from that time until the rising of the Final Hour except he told us about it. Whoever remembers it remembers it and whoever forgot it forgot it. All those who are present know this. Some of it I might have forgotten, then I see it [happen] and remember it just as someone would remember a man who had been away and then appears before him and he instantly recognizes him."
It is reported by Hazrat Anas bin Malik (radi Allahu anhu), who says: "After the decline of the sun (noon) the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) came out of his Hujrah, and led the Zohr Prayer. After completing the prayer the Holy Prophet mounted the pulpit and delivered the sermon about the Day of Judgement and the big events that will take place before the advent of the Day. Then addressing the companions he asked them if any one of them had any question to ask from him. He proceeded, 'I swear in the name of Allah, there is nothing that you would ask me and I will not answer it (no query, whatever its nature shall remain unanswered), so long as I am here.'"
The Battle of Badr took place on the 17th of Ramadaan. Before the fighting (Jihad) started, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) went over the field and disclosed the identity of the enemies of Islam and indicated by placing his hand at different spots and telling "here so and so will be slain." When the battle was over, it was discovered that each and every person about whom the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had indicated, was found at the very spot lying dead, neither inch more or less”
[End of Quote]
"There was an eclipse of the sun and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed, and the people prayed with him. He stood for a long time, nearly as long as (it takes to recite) Surat al-Baqara (2), and then went into ruku' for a long time. Then he rose and stood for a long time, though less than the first time. Then he went into ruku' for a long time, though less than the first time. Then he went down into sajda. Then he stood for a long time, though less than the first time. Then he went into ruku' for a long time, though less than the first time. Then he rose and stood for a long time, though less than the first time. Then he went into ruku' for a long time, though less than the first time. Then he went down into sajda, and by the time he had finished the sun had appeared. Then he said, 'The sun and the moon are two of Allah's signs. They do not eclipse for anyone's death nor for anyone's life. When you see an eclipse, remember Allah.'