Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh
We are unaware of any narration indicating that the Prophet of Allāh (Sallallāhu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) ever wore a green turban. On the contrary, Shaykh Al-Kattānī in his “Al-Di’āma” writes:
“Many questions have been raised regarding the green turban; did the Prophet of Allāh (Sallallāhu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) ever wore a green turban. The answer is, Shihāb mentions in his commentary on Al-Shifā’ which indicates the Prophet of Allāh (Sallallāhu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) never wore a green turban.”
Therefore, we cannot confirm the Prophet of Allāh (Sallallāhu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) ever wore a green turban.
ووقع السؤال كثيرا عن العمامة الخضراء : هل لبسها صلى الله عليه وسلم أم لا؟ والجواب: أنه ذكر الشهاب في ((شرح الشفاء)) ما يفيد أنه لم يلبسها ، وذلك في فصل تفضيلة عليه السلام بالشفاعة والمقام المحمود ، حين أورد القاضي حديث كعب بن مالك الأنصاري الذي في ((المسند)) لأحمد مرفوعا وهو: ((يحشر الناس يوم القيامة ، فأكون أنا وأمتي على تل ويكسوني وبي حلة الخضراء)) الحديث. ونصه: وفيه استنناس لما يلبسه الأشراف ، تمييزا لهم عن غيرهم ، وإن لم يكن النبيّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فعل ذلك ، كما فصلناه في محله. اهـ . ( الدعامة للكتاني ص 99)
Absence of proof clearly means that it is not Sunnah of the Prophet to wear green a turban.
Beside that Mufti Zar Wali Khan has mentioned that in our time green turban should not be worn.
(Abû Dawûd Pg.19)
Nafi’ Rahmatullah alayhi says: "I saw Ibn Umar Radhiallahu anhu wearing a turban the tail of which hung between the shoulders."(Ibid Vol.8 Pg.2)
It is also reported regarding Imâm Muslim Rahmatullah alayhi that once he placed his ‘chaadar’ (shawl) on his turban in front of his teacher and left the class. (Ibid Pg.491)
Muĥammad ibn Bash’shār said: Abdu’r Raĥmān reports: narrated úbaydullāh ibn Iyād from his father who reports from Abū Rimthah: ‘I saw Nabiyy šallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam giving a sermon, and he was wearing two green cloaks. [wa álayhi burdāni akhĎarān / nasāyī: 1568]
Abu Rimthah at-Taymiyy reports: RasūlAllāh šallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, came out [to us] and he was wearing two green robes.[wa álayhi thawbān akhĎarān / nasāyī: 5329]
The same ĥadīth reported by Abū Rimthah, is found in Mishkāh from Tirmidhī
[álayhi burdān akhĎarān / mishkātu’l mašābīĥ:4359]
Muĥammad ibn kathīr reports that he was told by sufyān from ibn jurayj from ibn yaálā from yaálā said he:
[Ťāfa’n Nabiyyu šallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam muĎŤabián bi burdin akhĎar / abū dāwūd: 1883.]
"Adopt the turban as it will increase your forbearance." (Mustadrak of Hâkim)
"Some of Allah Ta’âla’s angels stand at the door of the Musjid and seek repentance on behalf of those wearing white turbans." (Al Maqaasidul Hasanah pg.466)
"The turban distinguishes the Muslims from the Mushriks (polytheists). (Ibid)
"Allah Ta’âla causes his mercy to descend on the people wearing turbans on the day of Jummah and his Angels make du’â for such people." (Dailami)
Hazrat Ayesha (radiAllahu anha) narrates that the Beloved (Sall’Allahu Ta’ala Alayhi Wa’alihi Wa’sallam) tied on the turban of Hazrat Abdur Rahmaan Ibn Auf (radiAllahu anhu) and allowed for a tail the length of four fingers. He said: “When I ascended to the sky (reference to the Meraj), I saw that most of the angels had on turbans”.
It is further established from countless narrations that the turban is the garb of angels and that the angels wore it at the battles of Badr, Hunayn, and Uhud:
The turban was worn from the beginning of Islam and it did not cease being worn until our time. I did not see anyone among the People of Excellence except they wore the turban, such as Yahya ibn Sa`id, Rabi`a, and Ibn Hurmuz. I would see in Rabi`a's circle more than thirty men wearing turbans and I was one of them, and Rabi`a did not put it down until the Pleiades rose (i.e. until he slept) and he used to say: "I swear that I find it increases intelligence." [Narrated by Ibn Abi Zayd in al-Jami` fi al-sunan (1982 ed.) p. 228.]
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Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri writes; "From the Fiqhi (juristic) point of view we find that it is mustahab (preferable) that Salaat be performed while wearing three items of clothing, one of them being the turban." (Faizul Bari Vol.2 Pg.8)
The tying of the turban is a ‘Sunnat-e-Mustamirrah’ (perpetually adhered to practice of Nabi Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Nabi Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has enjoined the tying of the turban upon us. It has been reported: "Tie the turban. It will increase you in forbearance." (Fathul Baari) It is also reported that somebody enquired of Hadhrat Ibn Umar Radhiallahu anhu whether the tying of the turban was sunnat or not. He replied in the affirmative.
"The tying of the Turban is a "Sunnate Mustamirrah" (Prepetually adhered to the practice of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) and Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) has enjoined the tying of the turban upon us. It has been reported in the hadith that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said "Tie the turban. it will increase you in forbearance."
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Jameel Zino (Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University) in his book : Al-Shamail Al-Muhammadiyyah on page #106):
Headwear are symbols of nations and many Muslims imitate the unbelievers by wearing their head wear. In fact, covering their heads with a Turban, or even a scarf, is better for them and further from resembling the unbelievers.
“The Dajjal [anti-Christ] would be followed by 70,000 Jews of Isfahan wearing shawls.”
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) Said,
Al-Mundhiri, al-Targhib 1:87; Al-Hakim,
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) Said,
who roam around freely in Paradise
[Ibn al-Qayyim dealt with this subject under a separate chapter in which he mentions opinions of various scholars concerning the abode of souls....
Some souls are in the form of green birds who roam around freely in Paradise.
As far as the first aspect is concerned, in a Hadith recorded by Imam al-Bukhari in his ‘Sahih’, the messenger of Allah said:
“He was named Khadir because he sat over a barren white land.
It turned green with plantation after he sat on it”.
“Headwear are symbols of nations and many Muslims imitate the unbelievers by wearing their head wear. In fact, covering their heads with a Turban, or even a scarf, is better for them and further from resembling the unbelievers.”