Tuesday, 17 November 2009

Lord of Najd - The Rise of Darkness Horns of Satan






The Rise of Darkness
Horns of Satan




M. bin Abdul Wahab Najdi

at-Tamimi




---

“In that place are earthquakes,
and seditions, and

in that place shall rise the 
devil’s horn
(Qarn al-Shaytan).”

^His forefather:
Zul Khuwaisra


('Abdullah bin Dhil Khawaisira At-Tamimi)



^Zul Khuwaisra 


This Evil man who showed so much disrespect

to the Holy Prophet
(Sallallahu Alaihe-e-Wa-Sallam)
was from the tribe of Bani Tamim.


more info Here

---

The Holy Prophet
صلى الله عليه وسلم
foretold that the group (Wahhabi) who will cause much fitna,
will be the off-springs of the above Munaafiq 
(Zul Khuwaisra).

The first of all fitnas in Islam emerged from the arrogance of Dhu’l-Khuwaysira and his like, and also the apostasy and fondness for false prophets which caused such difficulty for Abu Bakr (RA). Subsequently, the Kharijite heresy, overwhelmingly Najdi in its roots, cast a long shadow over the early history of Islam, dividing and killing Muslims.

An early indication of the nature of the Tamimites is given by Allah himself in Sura al-Hujurat:

( Sura/ chapter 49, Aya 4 )

In aya 4 of this sura, He says:
‘Those who call you from behind the chambers:
 most of them have no sense.

The occasion for revelation (sabab al-nuzul) here was as follows:
‘The “chambers” (hujurat) were spaces enclosed by walls. Each of the wives of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) had one of them. The aya was revealed in connection with the delegation of the Banu Tamim who came to the Prophet (PBUH). They entered the mosque, and approached the chambers of his wives. They stood outside them and called: “Muhammad! Come out to us!” an action which expressed a good deal of harshness, crudeness and disrespect. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) waited a while, and then came out to them.

One of them, known as al-Aqra‘ ibn Habis, said:
“Muhammad! My praise is an ornament, and my denunciation brings shame!”
And the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) replied:
“ Woe betide you! That is the due of Allah.”

(Imam Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Juzayy, al-Tashil [Beirut, 1403], p.702. See also the other tafsir works; also Ibn Hazm, Jamharat ansab al-‘Arab [Cairo, 1382], 208, in the chapter on Tamim.)
---

The Master

728 AH - 1328 CE


^after the Death of the 
Master "


Memoirs Of Mr Hempher
 The British Spy To The Middle East is the title of a document that was published in series (episodes) in the German paper Spiegel and later on in a prominent French paper.






"Mr Hempher"

The British Spy To The Middle East

Quote from -Part4:


“From time to time a young man would call at our carpenter's shop.





His attirement was that of a student doing scientific research, and he understood Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. His name was Mu-hammed bin Abd-ul-wahhaab Najdee.”


“…This youngster was an extremely rude and very nervous person. While abusing the Ottoman government very much, he would never speak ill of the Iranian government.

The common ground which made him and the shop-owner Abd-ur-Ridaa so friendly was that both were inimical towards the Khaleefa in Istanbul.”







The British Spy To The Middle East
Quote - Part7:

“I stayed with Mu-hammed of Najd for two years. We made a programma to announce his call. Eventually I fomented his resolution in 1143 Hijri [A.D. 1730].”


“And we named our new religion the WAHHABI religion."


"The Ministry supported and reinforced the Wahhabi government in an underhanded way. The new government bought eleven British officers, very well learned in the Arabic language and desert warfare, under the name of slaves. We prepared our plans in cooperation with these officers. Both Mu-hammad’s (Najdi) followed the way we showed them.When we did not receive any orders from the Ministry we made our own decisions.

"We all married girls from tribes. We enjoyed the pleasure of a Muslim wife's devotion to her husband.

"Thus we had stronger relations with tribes. Everything goes well now. Our centralization is becoming more and more vigorous each day. Unless an unexpected catastrophe takes place, we shall eat the fruit we have prepared.

For we have done whatever is necessary and sown the seeds.”
[End of Quote]
---


Sheikh Najdi's Bible
Kitab at-Tawhid

Which he prepared in cooperation with the British spy, was annotated by his grandson, 'Abd ar-Rahman, and was interpolated and published in Egypt with the title Fat'h al-majid by a Wahhabi called Mu-hammed Hamid.


[ Meccan Scholars wrote very beautiful answers to Kitab at-tawhid and refuted it with sound documents in 1221. The collection of their refutations, titled Saif al-Jabbar, which was later printed in Pakistan, was reproduced in Istanbul in 1395 [1975 A.D.] 

---




^Shaytan 
Came in the Form of the 
Najdi Sheikh

Hafiz Ibn Kathir writes:
"When the kuffar of Makka had a meeting concerning the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace), an old man came claiming: "I am a Najdi - whatever you want to know, I will be helpful." This Najdi Shaykh then gave his view against the Prophet throughout the meeting"
[Ta'rikh Ibn Kathir, Volume 4]



Sheikh an-Najdi

Qarn al-Shaytan
-
"Beware of Shaykhu-n-Najdi, since he is Shaytan."

Allama Dahlaan, the celebrated Historian of our era writes:
"Zul Khuwaira was of the Banu Tamim tribe and so was Ibne Abdul Wahab Najdi."
(Addarus Sunniah, pp/51).
-
1. "Sheikh" Mu-hammed ibn 'Abd Al-Wahhab ibn Sulaiman ibn Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rashid Al-Tamimi (b.1703–d.1792) was born in Najd, in present-day Saudi Arabia.
2. "Imam" Mu-hammed ibn Saud (d. 1765) is considered the first head of the House of Saud, which is technically named for his father, Saud ibn Muhammed ibn Muqrin.

Wahhabi scholar admitted:
“What was indeed extraordinary was the coincidence of the ‘Alim’ and the “prince”, Muhammad Ibn Sa’ud, who felt the need for each other, and saw the wedding of idea to arm [with weapons, by force] as a key to a new age of Islamic history”  [P. xvii in the preface to Kitaab ut-Tawheed written and translated by Isma’il R. al-Furuqi]

"Beware of Shaykhu-n-Najdi, since he is Shaytan."

Return to Najd
At the age of thirty-two he came back to Najd and started working as a teacher for Bedouins; he also started exercising ijtihad without authorization, and accusing Sunni scholars and Ahlu-t-tasawwuf of supposed deviances. In 1143 H. (1730CE.) he met a leader of a gang of marauders called Mu4ammed Ibn Sa’ud, whose main activity was plundering pilgrims and travelers in the desert of Najd.
Since most of those Bedouins living in Dar’iyyah were completely uneducated, Ibn ‘Abdi-l-Wahhab could easily convict them of his theories.

Ibn Sa’ud and him made an agreement, according to which the former was appointed "amir", and the latter as "shaykh".

"sheikh" declared he was ready to publish "fatawa"
where non-Wahhabi Muslims were described as apostates, idol-worshippers and grave-worshippers; this point of view obviously represented a sort of "religious justification" for Ibn Sa‘ud’s gang.

Wahhabi Barbarism



They were not, anymore, robbers and criminals, but "mujahidun", authorized to kill "kuffars", to plunder their properties and to rape their women.

An example is what the Mufti of Mecca,
Ahmad Zayni Dahlan al-Makki ash-Shafi‘i,
rahimah-Ullah, wrote in a work titled:
"Fitnatu-l-Wahhabiyyah",
stating:

"In 1217 H(1802 C.E.) they [the Wahhabis] marched with big armies to the area of at-Tayf. In Dhu-l-Qa‘dah of the same year, they lay siege to the area the Muslims were, subdued them, and killed the people: men, women, and children. They also looted the Muslims belongings and possessions. Only a few people escaped their barbarism."
"They [the Wahhabis] plundered what was in the room of the Prophet, sall-Allahu 'alayhi wa sallam, took all the money that was there, and did some disgraceful acts of profanation."
(Profanation: The act or an instance of profaning; desecration. An act of disrespect or impiety toward something regarded as sacred: 

blasphemy, desecration,violation. defilement, desecration, impiety, irreverence,blasphemy, sacrilege)


---




The Oath of Allegiance
--
In 1157 AH (1744 CE)  Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab made bay'ah (oath of allegiance) with Muhammad ibn Saud  where it was agreed that political power would remain in the hands of the clan of Aal-Saud (House of Saud, the Royal family) and the religious leadership would remain in the hands of the clan of Aal-ish-Shaykh (Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab Najdi and his descendants) and this wahhabi power division has remained ever since. 
--
This event (the oath) is written in the book:

 " Unwan al-Majd fe Tarikh an-Najd "
Vol. 1, page 41.

Click the below link to see the "only copy" of this historical manuscript.



‘Wahhabi’ manuscript, Saudi Arabia, 1853 CE
‘Uthman ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Bishr al-Hanbali’s
 ‘Unwan al-majd fi ta’rikh al-Najd 
(History of the Najd region from the mid-18th to mid-19th century) 
BL Or. MS 7718, ff. 1v-2
---

Ibn Sa‘ud’s Gang


The Fellowship of Darkness
The initial power base was the town of Ad-Dar'iyah, where he met Mu-hammed ibn Abd-al-Wahhab Najdi, who came to Saud for protection.
They formed an alliance, and this was formalized by the wedding of:



Ibn Saud's son to Ibn Abdul Wahhab's daughter
The history of the Al Saud has been marked by a desire to unify the Arabian Peninsula and to spread what it promotes as a more purified and simple, view of Islam. The House of Saud is linked with (Hanbali) Wahhabism (Saudis deprecate the term, preferring the term Salafism) through the marriage of the son of Mu-hammed ibn Saud with the daughter of Mu-hammed Abd al Wahhab in 1744.
---

The End of Caliphate



Abdul Aziz bin Abdur Rahman Al Saud
he was commonly referred to as ibn Saud

---

“In that place are earthquakes, and seditions, 
and in that place shall rise the devil’s horn "

qarn al-shaytan
This Evil Man
Ibn Abdul Wahab Najdi
Who killed Muslim men and made halal ( permissible) for his followers to rape Muslim women , was from the same tribe...of Zul Khuwaira (Hurqus) of the Banu Tamim!



Prince of Darkness





A statement by Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud as quoted in


"Lord of Arabia"

"I am", he continued raising his voice and repeating his favourite phrase, "I am a simple preacher. My mission is to spread the Faith, if possible by persuasion and if not by persuasion then by the sword".

“With his arguments the Wahabis had no sympathy. For them all good Moslems were Wahabis. The rest were mushrekin, worse than heretics. They, the Wahabis, were the only true Moslems and the only true Arabs. The only sanctions they needed were their own consciences.” ["Lord of Arabia" by H. C. Armstrong]

---







Islām has made the life of women and children inviolable in times of war.
Allah, the exalted, says in the Nobel Qur’an:
وَقَاتِلُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبِّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ
“Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.”
The phrase wa lā ta’tadū translated above as ‘but do not transgress limits’, has been interpreted by the earliest Muslim jurists to mean 
‘do not kill women and children etc.

 Imām Ibn Kathīr 
states in his tafsīr (explanation) of the phrase
but do not transgress limits
“Meaning, ‘Fight in Allah (SWT)’s path and do not transgress when doing it. Entering into that (transgression) is the committal of the forbidden acts just as
Al-Hasan Al-Basrī stated.

[Those forbidden acts include]
Mutilation, stealing from the war booty, killing women and children, Old folk who have no notion about them and do not having fighting within them, monks and the people of monasteries and churches, the burning of trees, the killing of animals for other reasons than benefit. This has been stated by the companion Ibn ‘Abbas, [scholars and leaders such as] ‘Umar ibn Abdul-‘Azīz, Muqātil ibn Hayyān and other than them.”

[Tafsīr Al-Qur’an by Ibn Kathīr, Arabic Edition beneath this verse]
---
Abdullah ibn ‘Umar 
(Radhiya Allāhu ‘Anhu)narrates from the
Holy Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam)
that he found a slain woman in one of the expeditions.
So Rasulullah (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) forbade killing women and children.
[Ahmad in his Musnad 2/91, Bukhārī in his Sahīh 3015, Muslim 1744/25, Abū Dāwūd 2668, At-Tirmithī 1569, Ibn Majah 2841]
---

Qadhī As-Safadī
stated,
“When non-Muslim women do not fight, it is agreed that they should not be killed unless they are leaders – nor should the blind, the bed-ridden or old men.”

Imām Ibn Qudāmah Al-Maqdisī
states in his: Al-‘Umdah,
“And do not kill, from them (the enemy), a child, the clinically insane (majnūn), a woman, a monk, an old man, a sick individual confined to their bed (or chronically ill – Zamin), or a blind person…”
---
Abd al Aziz ibn Saud (left) with other members of his House 1911CE

The House that Dripped Blood
Here

read more: Here
Undoubtedly, one of the worst abominations perpetrated by the Wahhabis under the leadership of Ibn `Abd al-Wahhab Najdi:

was the massacre of the people of Ta'if. They killed everyone in sight, slaughtering both child and adult, the ruler, the lowly and well-born.
They began with a suckling child nursing at his mother's breast and moved on to a group studying Qur'an, slaying them, down to the last man.



And when they wiped out the people in the houses, in the streets, the shops and the mosques, killing whoever happened to be there.
They killed even men bowed in prayer until they had annihilated every Muslim who dwelt in Ta'if.
---


Bloodthirsty

Khariji Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab Najdi

Qarn al Shaytan
Ibn Abdul Wahhab Najdi
demanded:

“NOT ONLY MEN BUT ALSO ALL WOMEN WHO ENTERED HIS WAHHABI AQEEDA THAT THEY SHOULD ALL SHAVE THEIR HEADS”
This was done because he said:
“This is the hair of the period of Kufr therefore it must be shaven off”.
This shaving off of the female hair carried on for some time until an indignant woman stood up and challenged:
“Why don’t you shave off the beards of your recruits when they enter you Deen. That is also the hair of the period of Kufr?”
“Hair is the precious ornament of a female as is the beard for a male. Is it apt to leave
human beings deprived of their ornaments bestowed upon them by Allahu ta’ala?”
It was from then that he stopped this shameful and disgusting practice.
THE RATIFICATION OF THE SIGN IN THE WORDS OF THE FAMOUS HISTORIAN OF ARABIA, HAZRAT ALLAMA ZAINI DAHLAAN MAKKI (RADIALLAHU ANHU)

(AL FATUHAT ISLAMIA - Vol. 2- Page 268)
---
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people." (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 30, Number 91- Hadith No. 409, Vol 9).

Narrated Sad: I heard the Prophet saying, "None plots against the people of Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water." (Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 30, Number 101)

The foremost Hanafi scholar of his time, 
Imam Muhammad Amin ibn Abidin (d. 1252/1836 Rahimahullah)
 said in his celebrated work: Hashiyya radd al-Mukhtar (vol. 3, pg. 309) :
In our time Ibn Abdal Wahhab (Najdi) appeared, and attacked the two noble sanctuaries (Makkah and Madinah)
He claimed to be a Hanbali, but his thinking was such that only he alone was a Muslim, and everyone else was a polytheist! Under this guise, he said that killing the Ahl as-Sunnah was permissible, until Allah destroyed them (Wahhabi's) in the year 1233 AH by way of the Muslim army."

Shaykh Zayni Dahlan said in his book Futuhat al-Islamiyya (vol. 2, pg. 268):
"The sign of the Khawarij (the first deviant sect that appeared in the time of the Companions) concerning the shaving of the head, was not found in the Khawarij of the past, but only in the Najdi's of our time!"
read more: Here
---
-
The first among Ahlu-s-Sunnah
to issue fatawa about Wahhabism was:
Shaykh Sulayman Ibn 'Abdi-l-Wahhab al-Hanbali, who issued both a tashih and a takfir of his brother Mu-hammad Ibn 'Abdi-l-Wahhab al-Hanbali , asking the Chief Mufti of Mecca to confirm his fatwa and to transmit it to the Amir.

This verdict was extended from the single person to the whole sect of those who propagate his kufriyyat by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Sulayman Effendi, who declared them not only deviant in fiqh and kalam, but apostates in Din, by saying:
"O Mu-hammad Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab, do not slander Muslims! I admonish you for Allah’s sake! Does any of the Muslims says that there is a Creator besides Allah?
If you have anything to argue against Muslims, please, show them authoritative proofs. It is more correct to declare you, a single person, a kafir, than to call millions of Muslims kuffar."
Allah says, “If anyone contends with the Messenger after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than the one followed by Believers, we shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, quite an evil refuge!”
Shaykh Sulayman named his refutation against his brother Fasl-ul-Khitab fi ar-Radd ‘ala Mu-hammad Ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhab (“The Empathic Speech on the Refutation of Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhab”).
Abu Yala said, The Prophet has said, One of the things that concerns me about my nation is a man who studied the Quran, and when its grace started to show on him and he had the appearance of a Muslim, he detached himself from it, and threw it behind his back, and went after his neighbor with a sword and accused him of associating partners with Allah.
I then asked, Oh, Prophet of Allah, which one is more guilty of associating partners with Allah, the accused or the accuser?
The Prophet said, It is the accuser.

[Saying of the Prophet, which has been narrated by Abu Yala, from Hudhaifa and about which Ibn Kathir said, It’s chain of transmission is good.]
---


Death



Qarn al-Shaytan
He died a miserable death at the age of ninety-two years old in 1792 AD
and was buried in an unmarked grave, nobody could visit him or pray for him nor place twigs in his grave which is a prophetic Sunnah that one may receive the mercy of Allah.

Ibn Abd al Wahhab had died in 1792,
and
Abd al Aziz died shortly before the capture of Mecca.
The movement had continued, however, to recognize the leadership of the Al Saud and so followed Abd al Aziz's son, Saud, until 1814; after Saud died in 1814, his son, Abd Allah, ruled.
The Al Saud originated in Ad Diriyah,
in the center of Najd, close to the modern capital of Riyadh.
Horns of Satan
Around 1500 ancestors of Saud ibn Mu-hammad took over some date groves, one of the few forms of agriculture the region could support, and settled there. Over time the area developed into a small town, and the clan that would become the Al Saud came to be recognized as its
---

In 1745CE Mu4ammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab began calling for the purification and reform of Islam, and the Wahhabi movement swept across Arabia.
By 1811CE, Wahhabi leaders had waged a jihad—a holy war—against other forms of Islam on the peninsula and succeeded in uniting much of it.
By 1818CE, however, the Wahhabis had been driven out of power again by the Ottomans and their Egyptian allies.
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is almost entirely the creation of King Ibn Saud (1882–1953).
A descendant of Wahhabi leaders, he seized Riyadh in 1901 and set himself up as leader of the Arab nationalist movement.
By 1906 he had established Wahhabi dominance in Nejd and conquered Hejaz in 1924–1925.
The Hejaz and Nejd regions were merged to form the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, which was an absolute monarchy ruled by sharia. A year later the region of Asir was incorporated into the kingdom.
---
The Wahhabis who massively killed Muslims in Arabia say:
"You should not call a Muslim as Shaytan whoever believe in 
La Ilaha Illa Allahu Muhammadu Rasoolullah".
But the same hypocrite Wahabis/Salafis bigots forget, that it was their own Master who carried out his Terror of such unimaginable Evil when he said,
"Kill these idol-worshippers, grave-worshippers, Kaffirs, Mushriks, Biddatis... kill, kill and rape 1000s of innocent Muslims who believed in:


---
Prof. Dr. Nazeer Ahmed, PhD
“The shaykh considered all practices which were not in strict conformance with a literal interpretation of the Qur’an and the Sunnah to be bida’a (innovation), and he considered it his duty to eradicate such practices with force, if necessary.”
“The failure of the Wahhabi movement, however, was its extreme rigidity and its compulsive character. Shaykh ibn Abdul Wahhab waged a jihad against fellow Muslims in Najd who did not agree with his views. His example, and the logic of compulsion, made the Arab Bedouins carry the Wahhabi jihad into British Iraq after the First World War, and it had to be put down by Emir Abdul Aziz. The Shaykh overlooked the important contributions made by the Sufis in India, Pakistan, southeastern Europe, Central Asia, Indonesia and Africa. It was the Sufis who won the contest for the soul of Asia from the Mongols and the Crusaders. They were also the decisive element in some of the most important battles of the world, such as the Battle of al Qasr al Kabir (1578).”
---------------------------------------------------------

On January 10, 1926 Abdul-Aziz declared himself King of the Hejaz and, then, on January 27, 1927 he took the title King of Nejd (his previous title was Sultan). By the Treaty of Jeddah, signed on May 20, 1927, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of Abdul-Aziz's realm (then known as the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd)

Abdul Aziz died in 1953
Only sons of Abdul Aziz have, to date, ascended the Saudi throne. The number of children that he fathered is unknown, but it is believed that he had 22 wives and 37 sons, of whom five have become King. Prior to his death, he chose Saud as his immediate successor.

^1947

^
June 1947: Nawaf Ibn Abdul Aziz, son of Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, King Of Saudi Arabia at 14 years, talking to girl students on the steps of the Bayside High School at Long Island, New York. The girls are Dot Billings (left), Matina Pappas (upper right) and Helen Wilhelm. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

---

^This Gangsters... brother:

Abdul Aziz Al ibn Saud
proclaimed in 1924:

“Islam and this Land belongs to the Entire Ummah”


Does it?



Are You Muslim?


Saudi Arabia Entry requirements
Visas
All visitors, including pilgrims, need a visa to enter Saudi Arabia. You should apply for a visa through visa agencies accredited to the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia.
During the Hajj, all Muslim visitors travelling to Jeddah and Medina will need to have a valid Hajj visa. 

Non-Muslim visitors travelling to these destinations may be asked to explain the purpose of your trip or asked to show evidence of appointments before being allowed to board a flight to Jeddah.

Any Muslim visitor arriving in Jeddah or Medina without a valid Hajj visa will be refused entry. 

This requirement does not apply to other airports or British residents in Saudi Arabia. 

For further detailed advice on visa requirements for Hajj and Ummrah, contact the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in London.
British residents in Saudi Arabia will need a valid exit or re-entry permit from the Saudi Ministry of Interior to leave the country.

-----------------------------



An ancient document has revealed how Sultan Abdul Aziz, the founder of Saudi Arabia assured Britain of creating a Jewish state on Palestinian lands, a news report says.
The document, expose the deep commitment of first Saudi King to the United Kingdom and his assurance to British authorities to give Palestine to the Jews.


The controversial document, written as a notice to then British delegate Major General Sir Percy Zachariah Cox, is yet another proof of Saudi royal family's hostile approach to the Palestinian nation. 


"I am the Sultan Abdul Aziz Bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud al-Faisal and I conceded and acknowledged a thousand times to Sir Percy Cox, delegate of Great Britain, that I have no objection to giving Palestine to the poor Jews or even to non-Jews, and I will never ever violate their [the UK] orders,"



read the note signed by King Abdul Aziz.

The note also expose the extent of Saudi royals' fidelity to the UK government.

Britain used to attaché great importance to Saudi Arabia in 1930's, as it was located along the shortest seaway to India and Australia throughout the Red Sea and shortest air route to the east. Saudi Arabia was also close to the main British motor route and oil pipeline between Iraq and Palestine through Trans Jordan.

The ruling of Al Saud family also added to the importance of Saudi Arabia for Britain, as the UK believed ibn-e Saud kings could greatly influence the Arab countries.








 ---



The Sultanate of Nejd was a result of transformation of the Emirate of Riyadh by Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, who in 1921 declared himself Sultan over Nejd and its dependencies, as a monarchy led by the House of Saud.

[Madawi Al-Rasheed. A History of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. 63.]


In 1926, the Sultanate of Nejd was expanded to include the conquered Hejaz, and the political union of Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz was declared, with Abdul Aziz ibn Saud as King.

---


........continue: Part 2

---