The accounts we read in books about the Miraj are from the third part of this knowledge, and further knowledge of it is given to people according to their individual ranks.
You have also been taught knowledge from your Lord.
You must plant yourself in seclusion (Khalwa).
When a seed is in the ground for ten days, it will sprout, but our seed has not yet been planted and thus we cannot yet see whether we are orange trees or olive trees.
It is significant that Our Beloved Prophet Sayyedina Muhammad Mustufa Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam did not declare;“ The science revealed to me by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala is solely the science to be taught to all the Ummah”
The thirds science is the knowledge of Fiqh, which was ordered to be revealed to everybody.
Knowledge Given To A Sahaba Radi Allahu anhu:
Consequently Abu Hurayra decried the governor of Madîna Marwân ibn al-Hakam; warned of a terrible disaster about to befall the Arabs; and prayed for death before the year 60, the year Yazîd ibn Mu`âwiya came to power:
I replied; “ As a True Muslim” Our Beloved Prophet Sayyedina Muhammad Mustufa Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam asked me the state of my faith”
Haaris ibn Na’man Radi Allahu anhu replied; “ I see the Throne of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala and the people of the Paradise helping each other and the people of Hell lamenting in Hell. I see in front of me eight Heavens and seven Hells as clear as the Idol worshippers see their idols. I can recognise each individual just like a miller can recognize the wheat from barley, ie. That is, who is to go to Paradise and who is to be found in Hell? In front of me people are like fish and ants. Shall I stay silent or continue to speak?”
Our Beloved Prophet Sayyedina Muhammad Mustufa Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam told him to stop and say no more.
A) 'Dhaati & Atai'i [Personal & Bestowed]
1: Ilm al Ghayb ad Dhaati - [Personal Knowledge Of Ghayb] Is of Allah subhana wa Tallah alone, It is He who has the knowledge of Ghayb by His "OWN SELF" and no one has taught Him, revealed to Him, shown Him, and this is the knowledge of Unseen which has been made Khaas (specific) with Alah in Quran at many places.
The Prophet صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم knowlegde of unseen is greater then all creations of Allah, but in no way equal to Allah, But Allah has granted him (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) knowledge of every thing in the universe, but Allah has no limit and he begins where this universe ends so in no way is Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) being compaired to Allah as some ignorants claim.
1. Allah Subhan Wa Taalah says in Quran:
"He (alone) knows the Unseen, nor does He make any one acquainted with His Mysteries Except an apostle whom He has chosen: and then He makes a band of watchers march before him and behind him" (72:26/27)
The truthful, righteous Muslim (al-muslim al-sadiq al-salih) is he whose state matches that of Prophets and thereby is bestowed (ukrima) some of the same kind of gift they were, and that is to behold the unseen (wa huwa al-ittila` `ala al-ghayb). As for the disbeliever (al-kafir), the corrupt person (al-fasiq), and the contentious one who confuses matters for the listeners (al-mikhlat)-- then no
وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا
Allah has sent down to you the Book and Wisdom and has taught to you what you did not know, and great is the grace of Allah upon you" [Sura an-Nisa, verse 113]
Imam Jalal udin Suyuti Writes:مِنْ الْأَحْكَام وَالْغَيْب
Translation: (Taught to you what you did not know) means that Allah Most High has told the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) of Ahkam and Unseen.
Imam Ibn Jarir at-Tabari writes under this verse:مِنْ خَبَر الْأَوَّلِينَ وَالْآخِرِينَ , وَمَا كَانَ , وَمَا هُوَ كَائِن قَبْل , ذَلِكَ مِنْ فَضْل اللَّه عَلَيْك يَا مُحَمَّد مُذْ خَلَقَك , فَاشْكُرْهُ عَلَى مَا أَوْلَاك مِنْ إِحْسَانه إِلَيْك بِالتَّمَسُّكِ بِطَاعَتِهِ , وَالْمُسَارَعَة إِلَى رِضَاهُ وَمَحَبَّته , وَلُزُوم الْعَمَل بِمَا أَنْزَلَ إِلَيْك فِي كِتَابه وَحِكْمَته , وَمُخَالَفَة مَنْ حَاوَلَ إِضْلَالك عَنْ طَرِيقه وَمِنْهَاج دِينه , فَإِنَّ اللَّه هُوَ الَّذِي يَتَوَلَّاك بِفَضْلِهِ , وَيَكْفِيك غَائِلَة مَنْ أَرَادَك بِسُوءٍ وَحَاوَلَ صَدَّك عَنْ سَبِيله
Translation: Allah Most High has told the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to thank Him as He has informed the Prophet of what has already happened and what will happen (in future) and this is a bestowal of great grace.
Reference:Tafsir at-Tabari, Sura an-Nisa, under verse 113
3. Allah Subhan Wa Taalah says in the Qur'an:
"These are the tidings of the Unseen that We reveal to you in secret"
[Sura al-Imran, verse 44]
"Nor will He disclose to you the secrets of the Unseen. But He chooses of His Apostles [for the purpose]"
[Sura al-Imran, verse 179]
Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal
►Transmitted by Ahmad, Tirmidhi who said: This is a "Hasan Sahih" hadith and I asked Muhammad ibn Isma'il(i.e. Imam Bukhari) about this hadith and he said: It is a "Hassan Sahih" hadith. (Sunnan Tirimdhi, Volume No. 5, Page No. 368-369, Tafsir Surah S'ad, Hadith No. 3235)
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عَنْ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنه يَقُوْلُ : قَامَ فِيْنَا النَّبِيُّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم مَقَامًا، فَأَخْبَرَنَا عَنْ بَدْءِ الْخَلْقِ حَتَّي دَخَلَ أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ مَنَازِلَهُمْ وَأَهْلُ النَّارِ مَنَازِلَهُمْ، حَفِظَ ذَلِکَ مَنْ حَفِظَهُ وَنَسِيَهُ مَنْ نَسِيَهُ.رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ.
One day the Prophet stood up amongst us for a long period and informed us about the beginning of creation (and talked about everything in detail) till he mentioned how the people of Paradise will enter their places and the people of Hell will enter their places. Some remembered what he had said, and some forgot it.
Reference►Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 54, Number 414
عَنْ حُذَيفَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ : قَامَ فِيْنَا رَسُوْلُ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم مَقَامًا مَا تَرَکَ شَيْئًا يَکُوْنُ فِي مَقَامِهِ ذَلِکَ إِلَي قِيَامِ السَّاعَةِ، إِلَّا حَدَّثَ بِهِ حَفِظَهُ مَنْ حَفِظَهُ وَنَسِيَهُ مَنْ نَسِيَهُ.مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ وَهَذَا لَفْظُ مُسْلِمٍ
Narated By Hudhaifa :The Prophet once delivered a speech in front of us wherein he left nothing but mentioned (about) everything that would happen till the Hour. Some of us stored that our minds and some forgot it. (After that speech) I used to see events taking place (which had been referred to in that speech) but I had forgotten them (before their occurrence). Then I would recognize such events as a man recognizes another man who has been absent and then sees and recognizes him.
Here is proof of Ilme-Ghayb of Prophet (Peace be upon him) along with greatness of first three caliphs:
Narrated by Anas bin Malik:
The Prophet once climbed the mountain of Uhud with Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman. The mountain shook with them. The Prophet said (to the mountain), "Be firm, O Uhud! For on you there are no more than a Prophet, a Siddiq and two martyrs."
Reference►Sahih Bukhari Volume 5 Number 24.The Prophet Salallaho Alaihi wa-Alihi Wasalam knew that Hazrat Umar R.A and Hazrat Uthman R.A will be Martyrs.
Hudhaifa reported that:
Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) stood before us one day and he did not leave anything unsaid (that he had to say) at that very spot which would happen (in the shape of turmoil) up to the Last Hour.Those who had to remember them preserved them in their minds and those who could not remember them forgot them. My friends knew them and there are certain things which slip out of my mind, but I recapitulate them when anyone makes a mention of them just as a person is lost from one's mind but is recalled to him on seeing his face.
Reference►Sahih Muslim The Book Pertaining to the Turmoil and Portents of the Last Hour (Kitab Al-Fitan wa Ashrat As-Sa`ah) Book 041, Number 6909
عَنْ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ النَّبِيَّّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم نَعَي زَيْدًا وَجَعْفَرًا وَابْنَ رَوَاحَةَ رضي الله عنهم لِلنَّاسِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْتِيَهُمْ خَبَرُهُمْ، فَقَالَ : أَخَذَ الرَّايَةَ زَيْدٌ فَأُصِيْبَ، ثُمَّ أَخَذَ جَعْفَرٌ فَأُصِيْبَ، ثُمَّ أَخَذَ ابْنُ رَوَاحَةَ فَأُصِيْبَ. وَعَيْنَاهُ تَذْرِفَانِ حَتَّي أَخَذَ الرَّايَةَ سَيْفٌ مِنْ سُيُوْفِ اﷲِ، حَتَّي فَتَحَ اﷲُ عَلَيْهِمْ.رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ
The Prophet had informed the people of the martyrdom of Zaid, Ja'far and Ibn Rawaha before the news of their death reached. The Prophet said, "Zaid took the flag (as the commander of the army) and was martyred, then Ja'far took it and was martyred, and then Ibn Rawaha took it and was martyred." At that time the Prophet's eyes were shedding tears. He added, "Then the flag was taken by a Sword amongst the Swords of Allah (i.e. Khalid) and Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims) victorious.
Reference►Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 561
Narated By Abu Musa :
The Prophet was asked about things which he did not like, but when the questioners insisted, the Prophet got angry. He then said to the people, "Ask me anything you like." A man asked, "Who is my father?" The Prophet replied, "Your father is Hudhafa." Then another man got up and said, "Who is my father, O Allah's Apostle ?" He replied, "Your father is Salim, Maula (the freed slave) of Shaiba." So when 'Umar saw that (the anger) on the face of the Prophet he said, "O Allah's Apostle! We repent to Allah (Our offending you)."
Reference►Sahih Bukhari Volume 001, Book 003, Hadith Number 092]
Once the people started asking Allah's Apostle questions, and they asked so many questions that he became angry and ascended the pulpit and said, "I will answer whatever questions you may ask me today." I looked right and left and saw everyone covering his face with his garment and weeping. Behold ! There was a man who, on quarreling with the people, used to be called as a son of a person other than his father. He said, "O Allah's Apostle! Who is my father?" The Prophet replied, "Your father is Hudhaifa." And then 'Umar got up and said, "We accept Allah as our Lord, and Islam as (our) religion, and Muhammad as (our) Apostle; and we seek refuge with Allah from the afflictions." Allah's Apostle said, " I have never seen a day like today in its good and its evil for Paradise and the Hell Fire were displayed in front of me, till I saw them just beyond this wall.
Reference► Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 75, Number 373
Then Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, Paradise and Hell were displayed before me across this wall while I was praying, and I never saw such good and evil as I have seen today."
Reference►Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 397
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira:
We participated in the Battle of Hunain along with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) said about a man who claimed to be a Muslim that he was one of the denizens of the Fire (of Hell). When we were in the thick of the battle that man fought desperately and was wounded. It was said: Messenger of Allah, the person whom you at first called as the denizen of Fire fought desperately and died. Upon this the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) remarked: He was doomed to the Fire (of Hell). Some men were on the verge of doubt (about his fate) when it was said that he was not dead but fatally wounded.When it was night he could not stand the (pain of his) wound and killed himself. The Apostle (may peace be upon him) was informed of that. He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Allah is Great, I bear testimony to the fact that I am the servant of Allah and His messenger. He then commanded Bilal to announce to the people that none but a Muslim would enter Paradise. Verily Allah helps this faith even by a sinful person.
Reference►Sahih Muslim Book 001, Hadith Number 0205.
عَنْ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنه في رواية طويلة أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم شَاوَرَ، حِيْنَ بَلَغَنَا إِقَبَالُ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، وَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ رضي الله عنه فَقَالَ : وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، لَوْ أَمَرْتَنَا أَنْ نُخِيْضَهَا الْبَحْرَ لَأَخَضْنَاهَا. وَلَوْ أَمَرْتَنَا أَنْ نَضْرِبَ أَکْبَادَهَا إلَي بَرْکِ الْغِمَادِ لَفَعَلْنَا. قَالَ : فَنَدَبَ رَسُوْلُ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم النَّاسَ، فَانْطَلَقُوْا حَتَّي نَزَلُوْا بَدْرًا، فَقَالَ رَسُوْلُ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم : هَذَا مَصْرَعُ فُلَانٍ قَالَ : وَيَضَعُ يَدَهُ عَلَي الْأَرْضِ، هَاهُنَا وَهَاهُنَا. قَالَ : فَمَا مَاتَ أَحَدُهُمْ عَنْ مَوْضِعِ يَدِ رَسُوْلِ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم .رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ وَأَبُوْدَاوُدَ.
Narrated Anas : That when (the news of) the advance of Abu Sufyan (at the head of a force) reached him. the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) held consultations with his Companions. The narrator said: Abu Bakr spoke (expressing his own views), but he (the Holy Prophet) did not pay heed to him. Then spoke 'Umar (expressing his views), but he (the Holy Prophet) did not pay heed to him (too). Then Sa'd b. 'Ubada stood up and said: Messenger of Allah, you want us (to speak). By God in Whose control is my life, if you order us to plunge our horses into the sea, we would do so. If you order us to goad our horses to the most distant place like Bark al-Ghimad, we would do so. The narrator said: Now the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) called upon the people (for the encounter). So they set out and encamped at Badr. (Soon) the water-carriers of the Quraish arrived. Among them was a black slave belonging to Banu al-Hajjaj. The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) caught him and interrogated him about Abu Sufyan and his companions. He said: I know nothing about Abu Sufyan, but Abu Jahl, Utba, Shaiba and Umayya b. Khalaf are there.When he said this, they beat him. Then he said: All right, I will tell you about Abu Sufyan. They would stop beating him and then ask him (again) about Abu Sufyan. He would again say', I know nothing about Abu Sufyan, but Abu Jahl. 'Utba, Shaiba and Umayya b. Khalaf are there. When he said this, they beat him likewise. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was standing in prayer. When he saw this he finished his prayer and said: By Allah in Whose control is my life, you beat him when he is telling you the truth, and you let him go when he tells you a lie. The narrator said: Then the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: This is the place where so and so would be killed. He placed his hand on the earth (saying) here and here; (and) none of them fell away from the place which the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had indicated by placing his hand on the earth.
Reference►Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4394.
Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr: I came to 'Aisha during the solar eclipse. The people were standing (offering prayer) and she too, was standing and offering prayer. I asked, "What is wrong with the people?" She pointed towards the sky with her hand and said, Subhan Allah!'' I asked her, "Is there a sign?" She nodded with her head meaning, yes. When Allah's Apostle finished (the prayer), he glorified and praised Allah and said, "There is not anything that I have not seen before but I have seen now at this place of mine, even Paradise and Hell. It has been revealed to me that you people will be put to trial nearly like the trial of Ad-Dajjal, in your graves. As for the true believer or a Muslim (the sub-narrator is not sure as to which of the two (words Asma' had said) he will say, 'Muhammad came with clear signs from Allah, and we responded to him (accepted his teachings) and believed (what he said)' It will be said (to him) 'Sleep in peace; we have known that you were a true believer who believed with certainty.' As for a hypocrite or a doubtful person, (the sub-narrator is not sure as to which word Asma' said) he will say, 'I do not know, but I heard the people saying something and so I said the same.'"
Reference►Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 390
The Prophet's "knowledge of all things between the East and the West" is confirmed by the famous narration with a grade of hasan (fair) from al-Bara' ibn `Azib whereby:
At the time of the Battle of Ahzab or the battle of the Trench, the Prophet went down to hit a rock with his pick, whereupon he said: "Bismillah" and shattered one third of the rock. Then he exclaimed: "Allahu akbar! I have been given the keys of Syria. By Allah, verily I can see her red palaces right from where I stand." Then he said: "Bismillah," and shattered another third and exclaimed: "Allahu akbar! I have been given the keys of Persia. By Allah, I can see her cities and her white palace right from where I stand." Then he said: "Bismillah" and shattered the remainder of the rock and exclaimed: "Allahu akbar! I have been given the keys of Yemen. By Allah, I can see the gates of San`a' right from where I stand."
Reference►Al-Haythami said: "Ahmad (4:303 #18718) narrated it and its chain contain Maymun Abu `Abd Allah. Ibn Hibban declared him trustworthy while a group of others declared him weak. The remainder of its sub-narrators are trustworthy."
Another version of the above is related from Salman al-Farisi. Ibn Hisham relates it in his Sira through Ibn Ishaq thus:
Reference:►Ibn Hisham relates it in his Sira (Beirut, dar al-wifaq ed. 3-4: 219) and also Ibn Kathir in al-Bidaya (4:99).
عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَخْطَبَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ : صَلَّي بِنَا رَسُوْلُ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم الْفَجْرَ. وَصَعِدَ الْمِنْبَرَ فَخَطَبَنَا حَتَّي حَضَرَتِ الظُّهْرُ، فَنَزَلَ فَصَلَّي ثُمَّ صَعِدَ الْمِنْبَرَ. فَخَطَبَنَا حَتَّي حَضَرَتِ الْعَصْرُ، ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فَصَلَّي ثُمَّ صَعِدَ الْمِنْبَرَ. فَخَطَبَنَا حَتَّي غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ، فَأَخْبَرَنَا بِمَا کَانَ وَبِمَا هُوَ کَاءِنٌ قَالَ : فَأَعْلَمُنَا أَحْفَظُنَا.رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ وَالتِّرْمِذِيُّ
Amr b. Akhtab reported:
Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) led us in the dawn prayer and then mounted the pulpit and addressed us until it was (time for the) noon prayer. He then came down the pulpit and observed prayer and then again mounted the pulpit and again addressed us until it was time for the 'Asr prayer. He then again came down and observed the prayer and again pointed the pulpit and addressed us until the sun was set andhe informed (about) everything (pertaining to turmoil) that lay hidden in the past and what lies in (the womb) of) the future and the most learned amongst us is one who remembers them well
Narated By Ibn 'Abbas :
The Prophet (pbuh) passed by two graves. He said: Both (the dead) are being punished, but they are not being punished for a major (sin). One did not safeguard himself from urine. The other carried tales. He then called for a fresh twig and split it into two parts and planted one part on each grave and said: Perhaps their punishment may be mitigated as long as the twigs remain fresh.
Another version of Hammad has: "One of them did not cover himself while urinating." The version does not have the words: "He did not safeguard himself from urine."
Reference►Abu Dawood Book 001, Hadith Number 0020.
The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) one day led us in the prayer and when he completed the Prayer he turned his face towards us and said: O People, I am your Imam, so do not precede me in bowing and prostration and in standing and turning (faces, i.e. In pronouncing salutation), for I see you in front of me and behind me, and then said: By Him in Whose hand Is the life of Muhammad, if you could see what I see, you would have laughed little and wept much more. They said: What did you see, Messenger of Allah? He replied: (I saw) Paradise and Hell.
Anas b. Malik reported:
The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Complete the rows, for I can see you behind my back.
Reference►Sahih Muslim Book 004, Hadith Number 0872.
Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) one day went out and he offered the Prayer over the martyrs of Uhud just as the Prayer is offered over the dead. He then came back and sat on the pulpit and said: I will be the predecessor before you. I will be your witness and, by Allah,I perceive as if I am seeing with my own eyes my Hawd (River in Paradise) at this very moment and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth or the keys of the earth and, by Allah, I am not afraid that you might associate anything (with Allah after me), but I am afraid that you will be vying with one another (for the possession of) the treasures of the earth.
«اتَّقُوا فِرَاسَةَ المُؤْمِنِ فًّانَّهُ يَنْظُرُ بِنُورِ الله» .رواه الطبراني، وإسناده حسن
Translation: Abi Amama (ra) narrates that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: Beware of Momin’s Firasah because he sees with the Nur of Allah – Imam al-Haythami said: This is narrated by Tabarani and the chain is “HASAN (FAIR)” [Majma az-Zawad (10/473, Hadith #17940]
The hadiths on this subject are like a vast ocean, the depth of which cannot be found and the water of which cannot end. This is one aspect of his miracles which is "DEFINITELY KNOWN" We have many hadiths which have reached us by multiple paths of transmission (tawatur) which prove that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) has been given knowledge of Unseen. It is narrated by Hudhayfa (ra) that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) stood on his (Pulpit) and "HE DID NOT LEAVE OUT ANYTHING BUT EXPLAINED WHAT SHALL HAPPEN UNTIL THE LAST HOUR" Whoever remembered it remembered it and whoever forgot it forgot it.[Qadhi Iyaad's Ash-Shifa, Volume No.1, Page No. 206]
On the next pages Qadhi Iyaadh (rah) mentions overwhelming ahadith which prove Prophet (Peace be upon him)'s knowledge of unseen, We shall present translation of some of them
Hudhayfa (ra) mentions that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) told us about all the leaders of evil who shall appear till the day of judgment, he told that they would be more than 300, he even told us "THEIR NAMES, THEIR FATHERS NAMES AND THE NAME OF THEIR TRIBES" [Sunnan Abi Dawud Volume No.2 , Page No.441-443] ....Uthman will be killed while reciting the Qur'an. Perhaps Allah will have him wearing a shirt [i.e. the Caliphate]. They will want to remove it and his blood will fall on his utterance of Allah's words: "Allah is enough for you against them." (2:137). [Mustadrak al Hakim ala Sahihayn 3:103]
The first from Ahlul bayt to pass away would be Fatima [Musnad Ahmed, 2:240].
Qadhi Iyaad (rah) has at least mentioned 50 ahadith on proof of Prophet (Peace be upon him)'s knowledge of unseen and thus there remains no shadow of doubt about the vast Uloom al Ghayb being taught to Prophet (Peace be upon him] [Refer to Kitab ash-Shifa, Volume No.1, Pages: 206-212]
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I said: I do not know. He repeated it thrice. I said: I don’t know, Then I saw Him put his palms between my shoulder blades till I felt the coldness of his fingers between the two sides of my chest. "THEN EVERYTHING WAS ILLUMINATED TO ME AND I RECOGNIZED EVERYTHING!"
(Rahimuhullah) - Published by Dar ul Kutb al iLmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.
(anything you want to)!”
Isnad [chain of narrators]. for this hadith is authentic.
Shaykh al Islam Imam Muhi al Din al Nawawi (Fatawa al Nawawi)
سؤال: ما معنى قوله تعالى (قل لا يعلم من في السموت و الارض الغيب الا الله) و قول النبي –صلى الله عليه و سلم – (لا يعلم ما في غد الا الله) و اشباه هذا من القرآن و الحديث مع انه قد وقع علم ما في غد في معجزات الانبياء صلوات الله عليهم و سلامه و في كرامات الاولياء رضي الله عنهم؟
جواب: معناه لا يعلم ذلك استقلالا و علم احاطة بكل المعلومات الا الله و اما المعجزات و الكرامات فحصلت باعلام الله تعالى للانبياء و الاولياء لا استقلالا
“Question: What is the meaning of His saying the Most High (Say! No one knows who is in the skies and earth except Allah) and the saying of the Prophet – Peace be upon him – (No one knows what shall happen tomorrow except for Allah, and the likes of this from The Quran and Hadith, knowing that knowledge of what shall happen tomorrow has occurred in the miracles of the Prophets – Peace be upon them – and the miracles of the Awliyah – May Allah be pleased with them?
“And for him (i.e. The Prophet – Peace be upon him) is an attribute by which he comprehends what is to occur in the unseen, and by it he is able to study whatever is in the preserved tablet [al Lawh al Mahfuz], like an attribute by which the intelligent is able to distinguish the dull-witted. Thus these are the attributes of perfection which are proven for the Prophet.” [Fath al Bari Sharh Sahih al Bukhari; Ahmad Ibn Ali Ibn Muhammad al Asqalani; 16/21; Mustafa Bab Halabi, Egypt]
Imam Abu Hamid al Ghazali (Ihya Ulum al Din):
و الرابع ان له صفة بها يدرك ما سيكون في الغيب اما في اليقظة او في المنام اذ بها يطالع اللوح المحفوظ فيرى ما فيه من الغيب
“And the fourth [i.e. attribute of a Prophet] is that verily there is for him an attribute by which he comprehends whatever is to happen in the unseen either while awake or while asleep, with it he studies the preserved tablet thus he sees whatever is in it from the unseen.” [Ihya Ulum al Din; Abu Hamid al Ghazali; 4/194; Dar al Ma’rifah, Beirut]
Imam Hafidh Ibn al Hajr al Haythami:
و متى استفصل فقال: اردت بقولي المؤمن من يعلم الغيب ان بعض الاولياء قد يعلمه الله ببعض المغيبات قبل منه ذلك لانه جائز عقلا و واقع نقلا اذ هو من جملة الكرامات الخارجة عن الحصر على ممر الاعصار فبعضهم يعلمه بخطاب و بعضهم يعلمه بكشف حجاب و بعضهم يكشف له عن اللوح المحفوظ حتى يراه و يكفى بذلك ما اخبر به القرآن عن الخضر بناء على انه ولي و هو ما نقل عن جمهور العلماء و جميع العارفين و ان كان الاصح انه نبي و ما جاء عن ابي بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه انه اخبر عن حمل امراته انه ذكر و كان كذلك الخ
“When he explains himself and says ‘I intended with my statement that verily some of the Awliyah Allah taught them the unseen’ that [i.e. statement] will be accepted from him, because that is permissible logically and has occurred in that which has been transmitted to us since that is from the collective miracles which cannot be contained and which have passed throughout the generations. Some of them know it [i.e. the unseen] by the noble address, some of them know it by the raising of a veil and for some what is written on the preserved tablet [Al Lawh Al Mahfuz] is unveiled for them until they see it.
It suffices us [in proving that] what has been mentioned in The Quran regarding Khidr upon the belief that he was a Wali, this is what has been reported from the majority of the scholars and all of the Gnostics, even if the most correct opinions is that he is a prophet, and that which has been reported from Abu Bakr as Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) that he informed his wife who was carrying a child at the time that the child will be a boy and so he was.” [Al Fatawa al Hadithiya; Ibn Hajr al Haythami; Pg.222-223; Dar al Fikr, Damascus]
Qadhi Nasir al Din al Baydhawi:
و الذي يدل عليها انه عليه الصلاة السلام ادعى النبوة بالاجماع و اظهر المعجزة انه اتى بالقرآن و تحدى به و لم يعارض و اخبر عن المعيبات
“That which indicates upon it [i.e. his prophecy (Peace be upon him)] is that indeed he claim Prophethood... and he (Peace be upon him) informed of the unseen.” [Tawali’ al Anwar; Nasir al Din al Baydawi; Pg.211; Al Maktaba al Azharia, Egypt]
“It is said that them two (i.e. Prophet and Messenger) are different in one respect. Yet they gather in Prophecy [Nabuwwah] which is being informed of the unseen” [al Shifa bi Ta’rif Huquq al Mustafa; Iyadh al Yahsubi; 1/161; Faruqi Kotob Khana, Multan]
و من ذلك ما اطلع عليه من الغيوب و ما يكون و الاحاديث في هذا الباب بحر لا يدرك قعره و لا ينزف غمره و هذه المعجزة من جملة معجزاته المعلومة على القطع الواصل الينا خبره على اتواتر لكثرة رواتها و اتفاق معانيها على الاطلاع على الغيب
“From that is what He has informed him of from the unseen and whatever is to happen, and the narrations in this chapter are an ocean the depth of which cannot be comprehended and the over flowing of which shall never settle, and this is a miracle from his collective miracles which are known decisively the narrations of which have reached by means of mass transmission and it’s meanings are agreed to mean being informed of the unseen.” [al Shifa bi Ta’rif Huquq al Mustafa; Iyadh al Yahsubi; 1/221; Faruqi Kotob Khana, Multan]
Mullah Ali al Qari:
و قال ابن حجر اي جميع الكائنات التي في السموات بل و ما فوقها كما يستفاد من قصة المعراج و الارض هي بمعنى الجنس اي جميع ما في الارضين السبع بل و ما تحتها كما افاده اخباره عليه الصلوة و السلام عن الثور و الحوت الذين عليهما الارضون كلها
“Ibn Hajar said ‘I.e. everything which exists in the skies but rather what is above them as is gained from the story of the Ascension, and earth is in the meaning of genus i.e. everything that is in the seven earths but rather what is below them. As is gained from his reports – Upon him prayers and salutations – regarding the bull and fish upon which the all of the earths rest.” [Mirqat al Mafatih; Mullah Ali al Qari; 2/210; al Maktabah al Imdadiah, Multan]
(خلق الانسان علمه البيان)
و قال ابن كيسان (خلق الانسان) يعني محمدا صلى الله عليه و سلم (علمه البيان) يعني بيان ما كان و ما يكون لانه كان يبين عن الاولين و الآخرين و عن يوم القيامة
“(He created man. He taught him the explanation)
Ibn Kaisan said (He created man) he means Muhammad – Peace be upon him – (He taught him the explanation) he means the explanation of whatever has transpired and whatever is to come, because he – Peace be upon him – would explain [the states] of the first and the last and of the day of resurrection” [Ma’alim al Tanzil; Muhi al Sunna Hussain al Fara al Baghawi; 7/2; al Taqaddum al Ilmiyyah, Egypt]